Difference Between 1080i and 1080p (With Table)

Usually, before making a camera or video camera purchase, we’ve always been keen on the image quality and the number of fps that the camera captures in the first place. In that way, we always scrabble for high-definition resolution, which might give a myriad of image resolutions, so 1080i and 1080p are exceptional upon rendering HD-certified pixel images. 

1080i vs 1080p

The difference between 1080i and 1080p is that both are HD certified systems that are good at displaying 1920 x 1080 pixel images. However, 1080i uses an interlaced display, whereas 1080p uses a progressive scan display in their images. 

1080i is a sequence of frame resolution and scan type, which delivers a Full HD resolution display. It is widely used in high-definition television and high-definition videos. This type of display resolution is abbreviated as an interlaced display since odd lines and even lines of the horizontal lines on the screen are alternately counted in. 

On the other hand, 1080p is also a type of display resolution and is often used in high-definition videos, as it displays 1920×1080 pixels. The 1080p is an acronym for progressive scan, which is a non-interlaced display. Having said that, it is characterized by 1920 pixels displayed across the horizontal screen, while 1080 pixels down the vertical screen. 

Comparison Table Between 1080i and 1080p

Parameters of Comparison1080i1080p
Meaning1080i is a square pixel full HD format, which forms an interlaced display of 1080 lines and enhances a high-definition video quality display. Besides, ‘i’ stands for interlaced screen display1080p is also a high-resolution display that is popularly built for image formats and has a non-interlaced display. Where ‘p’ refers to progressive scan.
InventedCharles Poynton introduced a 1080i high-definition display in 1992 as an interlaced display screen.1080p spiked its market in 2000 by improving HD video quality in television. 
Known as1080i is known as square pixels display and HD video formats.1080p is also called Full HD.
Screen Ratio1080i has a rampant aspect screen ratio of 16:9.1080p measures a widescreen aspect ratio of 16:9, where 1080p is to 720p resolution screen.
Display1080i comes with odd verticals, 540 lines and 1920 even horizontal lines that capture each horizontal line of the pixel with a one-line vertical gap between each in order to form an interlaced display. 1080p is a set of 1920 pixels horizontal lines and 1080 vertical lines on the display.
Used 1080i is highly used in HD channels, cable broadcasts, and satellites to establish a clear high video quality display.1080p is employed in television broadcast, Blu-ray disc, internet content, video games, digital video cameras and smartphones etc.

What is 1080i?

Furthermore, 1080i is an eminent Full HD display with a combination of frame resolution and scan type. It is commonly comprehended as an interlaced display screen with the odd and even horizontal lines on the screen alternately distributed. 1080i format made its first launch in 1992 by Charles Poynton. 

It was initially known as square pixels and affirmed in HD video formats. 

Subsequently, it turned out to be a popular thing among high-definition television and high-definition video since its prime launch in 1992 by Charles Poynton. The 1080i uses a widescreen aspect ratio of 16:9. In such a case, the 540 vertical lines superpose 1920 horizontal lines to give out an HD quality display. 

The video of 1080i quality consists of all odd-numbered TV lines in the first field, whereas all even-numbered lines in the latter. So, accordingly, the horizontal lines of pixels in each field are captured and displayed with a one-line vertical gap between each, eventually forming an interlaced display among all the 1080 lines. 

A 1080i material can capture 50-60 motion phases per second, i.e.60 fields per second. 

Most HD channels on satellites and cable broadcasts use 1080i to illustrate lucid and natural displays. 

What is 1080p? 

Contrastingly, 1080p is a set of 1920 pixels horizontal lines and 1080 pixels vertical lines on the screen to deliver a high-resolution display. It is also known as Full HD, aka FHD. Speaking of which, 1080p made its trademark in the late 2000s following the high-definition image formats for a television production. 

This non-interlaced display captures all the 1920 pixels across the horizontal screen and 1080 pixels down the vertical screen at the same time. 

Eventually, a 1080p screen displays a total of 2.07 megapixels by incorporating 1920 pixels width and 1080 pixels height concurrently. 

The ‘p’ in 1080p stands for a progressive scan, which is commonly used in high-definition videos. The 1080p takes up a widescreen aspect ratio of 16:9 such that it can contrast 1080p with a 720p resolution screen. 1080p captures formats at 25-30 frames per second for HD quality images. 

On the whole, a 1080p device offers the best resolution and displaying experience to the viewers. Moreover, 1080p resolution images are common in the field of television broadcasts, Blu-ray discs, smartphones, internet content, video games, camcorders, digital cameras, and many more. 

Main Differences Between 1080i and 1080p

  1. 1080i is an interlaced display screen that comes with frame resolution and scan type. Meanwhile, 1080p is a non-interlaced display as well as a progressive scan. 
  2. 1080i came to market in 1992 which was launched by Charles Pontynon to cast high-definition screens to the viewers. On the other hand, 1080p received its market value in the 2000s to improve the HD quality worldwide. 
  3. 1080i aspect screen ratio is 16:9, Whereas 1080p has the same display ratio of 16:9 but differs in the resolution screen that is 1080p:720p.
  4. 1080i comes with 540 verticals and 1920 horizontal lines, although 1080p develops as 1920 pixels horizontal lines and 1080 vertical lines.
  5. 1080i is most commonly used in satellites, cables or HD channels to enhance lucid HD screen display. Notwithstanding, 1080p is used in various electronic products such as Television, video games, smartphones, digital cameras, Blu-ray discs etc.

Conclusion

1080i and 1080p are high-definition screen displays, where 1080i is an interlaced display that comes with odd vertical lines & even horizontal lines and a screen ratio of 16:9. 1080i is built for lucid video quality screen display, which had been developed by Charles Poynton in order to enhance a high-definition television and high-definition video.

Accordingly, each horizontal line of pixels is captured and displayed with a one-line between each vertical line and ultimately forms an interlaced display. 1080p is a progressive scan and non-interlaced screen display that has 1080p:720 with a screen ratio of 16:9. 1080p comes with 1920 horizontal lines and 1080 pixels vertical lines. 1080p has taken a reputable place in the market after its performance in various products showed positive reviews since the 2000s. Moreover, 1080p is used in Broadcast, digital videos, smartphones, internet content, Blu-ray disc and video games etc.

References

  1. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4842-2406-9_3
  2. https://search.proquest.com/openview/bcf1b7aeed3ca78fb4df2767e336fcd7/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=41842
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