Difference Between 2.4ghz and 5ghz Wireless (With Table)

Setting up a wireless network connection is not as easy as it sounds. A person must be aware of the uses of these wireless networks and his preferences. A wired network would any day be more stable and faster than a wireless network. But it is essential to understand the process behind setting up wireless networks too. These wireless networks are of different frequencies like 2.4ghz and 5ghz 

2.4ghz vs 5ghz Wireless

The difference between 2.4ghz and 5ghz wireless is that the range covered by the 2.4ghz is much larger than the range covered by the 5ghz wireless. The 2.4ghz frequency creates short waves that can easily penetrate through things, while the large waves by 5ghz wireless cannot penetrate easily. These are the fundamental differences.

The term 2.4ghz is used to refer to the 2.4ghz frequency band of a WiFi network. The 2.4ghz is the most commonly used frequency band in wireless networks. It produces short waves that can travel a vaster range and easily penetrate things. It makes the connection suitable for great range.

The term 5ghz wireless is used to refer to the 5ghz frequency band of a WiFi wireless network. 5ghz is used by a lot of people but not as popular as the 2.4ghz frequency band. The 5ghz wireless has its benefits. The large waves that it produces ensure stable and high-speed internet for the users.

Comparison Table Between 2.4ghz and 5ghz Wireless

Parameters of Comparison2.4ghz Wireless5ghz Wireless
MeaningRefers to the 2.4ghz frequency band of the wireless network.Refers to the 5ghz frequency band of the wireless network.
CoverageHigher coverage.Lower coverage than 2.4ghz
SpeedLesser speed than 5ghz.Provides high-speed connection
InterferenceIt is suitable for high interference like walls, appliances, etc.It is suitable for less to no interference like open areas.
CongestionIt is more congested due to widespread use.It is less congested.

What is 2.4ghz Wireless?

The word 2.4ghz can be pretty confusing for a lot of people. Even though some may have an idea that this word is used to denote the frequency, a clear understanding would still be lacking. It is necessary to be aware of the unique aspects of the 2.4ghz frequency band that sets it apart from other frequencies.

To put it in simple terms, the 2.4ghz is the frequency band of a wireless network. This specific frequency band is the most commonly used in the world of wireless networks. Some of the aspects of the 2.4ghz allow this frequency band to be used in several essential areas like home and work. 

The primary aspect of the 2.4ghz frequency band is the broad area coverage that it provides. The small waves produced by this frequency can penetrate and transmit to a longer distance. The 2.4ghz is pretty useful in areas with high interference like walls, appliances, etc. It is suitable for houses and companies.

As 2.4ghz is the most commonly used frequency, this frequency band always tends to be over-congested. A lot of electronic appliances tend to use the same frequency as well. The primary drawback here is the speed. The speed of the wireless network connection is confined to accommodate the range it covers.

What is 5ghz Wireless?

The word 5ghz can be pretty confusing for a lot of people. Even though some may have an idea that this word is used to denote the frequency, a clear understanding would still be lacking. It is necessary to be aware of the unique aspects of the 5ghz frequency band that sets it apart from other frequencies.

To put it in simple terms, the 5ghz is the frequency band of a wireless network. It is a famous frequency band but is not as popular as the 2.4ghz band. Some of the aspects of the 5ghz wireless band set the frequency band apart from other frequencies. Unlike 2.4ghz, the customers who use 5ghz frequency use it for its unique elements.

The primary aspect of the 5ghz frequency band is the speed and stable connection it provides. The large waves produced by the 5ghz frequency do not travel too far. They remain within a short distance, but the large waves result in high speed, instant, and a stable wireless connection. 

Unlike the 2.4ghz that produces limited speed and not so stable connection, the 5ghz focuses more on the speed and stability of the connection. One of the main drawbacks is that the 5ghz frequency band does not cover a lot of areas. Large waves fail to penetrate and cover large areas. 

Main Differences Between 2.4ghz and 5ghz Wireless

  1. The coverage of the 2.4ghz frequency is higher, as the short waves can penetrate through things. The coverage of 5ghz frequency is lower, as the large waves cannot penetrate through things efficiently.
  2. The speed of 2.4ghz is limited and compromised for its range. The pace of 5ghz wireless is very high and stable.
  3. The 2.4ghz is suitable for areas with higher interference like walls, rooms, objects, etc. The 5ghz is fitting for areas with less or no interference.
  4. The 2.4ghz is a lot congested, as a lot of appliances use the same frequency. The 5ghz is not so overcrowded. 
  5. The cost of the 2.4ghz is lesser than the 5ghz, which provides high-speed connections.

Conclusion

These are the basic differences between these two wireless network frequencies. A person needs to be aware of the differences between 2.4ghz and 5ghz before establishing any wireless connection. One must go through his preferences and also understand the surroundings where the wireless connection would be set up.

To put it in simple terms, 2.4ghz frequency is suitable for long area coverage and is ideal for houses and workspaces. The wireless connection can pass through the obstacles and cover a large area, but it compromises speed. If speed is primary, 5ghz frequency would be ideal. It does not cover a large area but provides high-speed connections. 

References

  1. https://doi.org/10.1109/CNSR.2005.33
  2. https://doi.org/10.1109/PIMRC.1997.627080
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