Difference Between a Mole and a Freckle (With Table)

We all have different skin and different skin types. It mainly depends on the environment and locality where we live. Some people have some features of marks on their skin, especially on their face, that are not found in many. A great example of such marks can be mole and freckle; both of them are similar-looking pigmented marks on some people. Both of them can easily be seen on the skin. Due to their similarities, it is difficult for some people to distinguish between both of them.

Mole vs Freckle

The difference between a Mole and a Freckle is that both freckle and mole have different appearances and associations. Freckles are flatter, and moles are not flat but are raised above the skin level; therefore, freckles cannot be felt if touched, but moles can be. Both of them are found in people with different skin tones. Freckles are common among people with fair complexion, while mole can also be found in dark complexion along with fair. Freckles can never be dangerous, but moles can be. Mole can be found easily as compared to freckles. They also differ in terms of the time of appearance, sunlight effect, disappearance, etc.

A mole is a dark or pigmented spot on the skin that is slightly above the skin level and goes deeper in layers of skin. They are not always harmful, but in few cases can cause skin cause. They can easily be seen on even dark skin tones. They can be found on every second person and do not affect the sunlight or weather conditions. They can be birthmark or may appear later in life. In most cases, they are genetics.

Freckles are small tan-brown or pigmented spots on the face. They are found in the face, mostly not on any other part. They have a direct connection with sunlight exposure. They are seen on most people with fair skin tone as in deeper skin tone they get hides in the complexion. They cannot be a birthmark but appear later on and can also disappear at any time. They are not seen in many people.

Comparison Table Between a Mole and a Freckle

Parameters of ComparisonMoleFreckle
Turn cancerousThey can be cancerous. They are not harmful.
Skin typeDeeper skinLighter skin
CommonMore commonLess common
AppearEarly age Later years
Associated withGeneticsDirectly sun exposure

What is a Mole?

They are small pigmented spots on the body. The color of them can vary; it can be pink, tan, black, or red. They also differ in size from person to person. When skin cells grow in clumps on top of each other, they result in developing moles in that area. Hair can also grow through them. They appear in later years of life and go deeper in skin layers. They can also be grown in the womb only, and an average adult has around 40 moles in his body that may go away but not in most of the case. By the age of 20, moles start appearing on the body completely.

Although mole does not cause any harm (may cause skin cancer but rarely) but some people remove them from certain revealing areas such as the face as they don’t prefer spots on their faces. The techniques used for removing them depend on the size and type of the mole. But most commonly, they are burned with fire, after which they leave a red spot or a day or two, but later they may or may not grow back. 

But if a person has lots of moles, he should get checked with his moles are not cancerous. 

What is a Freckle?

Freckles are spots that can be light and dark on the face. They are caused due to direct exposure the sunlight but appeared during winter mostly, and people with pale skin have more freckles as compared to others. They don’t go deeper in the skin and appear after birth mostly. They can go away at any time, depending on the skin type and weather. They are two types; one that is brown in color and most common, and the other is that is called liver or age spots.

Natural freckles are those children get from their families or parents. Wearing proper sunscreen with SPF 50 can also reduce the cause of freckles in some people. Other methods of removing or fading them include bleaching or fading creams, laser treatment, photo facials, chemical peels, and retinoids, cryosurgery.

But the treatment of them is not essential as they don’t cause any irritation or pain on the skin, but some people do not like freckles on their face and uses makeup and other products for hiding and treating them.

But after treating them, there is a chance they come back again on the skin.

Main Differences Between a Mole and a Freckle

  1. Mole can be harmful to the body, while freckle can never cause any harm. For example, studies have found that mole can be cancerous, but freckle does not cause cancer or any other disease or reaction.
  2. Both mole and freckle are situated on skin layers, but when compared, mole deeper in skin layers while freckles do not. Freckled are on the first or uppermost layer of the skin.
  3. When compare in terms of their type and size, freckles are flat and stick plainly with the skin, whereas mole is more raised on skin and can be easily felt by touch.
  4. Both of them can be found easily, but moles are way more common in comparison to freckles that mostly happen to pale skin people.
  5. Freckles are usually found in people with fair or white skin. The reason could be in these people, freckles can be easily noticed or seen, whereas moles can be found in people with different tones, including darker tones.
  6. Moles appear earlier. Even some people have them from birth, but freckles grow later in comparison.
  7. Moles cannot disappear on their own. Once they take place, they can only disappear with the help of surgery whereas freckles, can disappear even if they are throughout their life.
  8. Freckles are more associated with direct exposure to sunlight, while a mole is not associated with sunlight.

Conclusion 

Hence, there should not be any confusion between both moles and freckles. They are caused due to genetics or the environment. It is not always that the lighter skin tone will get freckles and moles. They can be found on any skin, dark or fair, but of course, it is easier to sport them in lighter skin tone as they are always darker than the skin tone. They are not harmful and do not require treatment. They don’t even irritate the skin. But sometimes people want them to treat and disappear, and for that, it is important to have information about both. After treatment also they might appear again.

References 

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0190962295903380
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877050915001441
  3. https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamadermatology/article-abstract/551845
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