Difference Between AI and Neural Network (With Table)

Computer science is a vast field with new concepts that emerge frequently, that too at a rapid pace. AI and neural networks are two such concepts in the field of computer science. It is true that they are related to each other in some ways. However, they must not be confused as the same thing.

AI vs Neural Network

The difference between AI and neural network is that AI or artificial intelligence is an entire branch of computer science that works on studying and creating smart machines that possess their own intelligence whereas a neural network refers to a system of artificial nodes that is made up in coherence with actual brains of animals for somewhat mimicking their intelligence.

AI, in a narrow sense, refers to an intelligence that machines possess and demonstrate. They do so by perceiving and assessing their surroundings. They further take actions based on these inferences in a way that maximizes the chances of achieving a certain objective. This concept is largely rooted in artificial neural networks.

A neural network refers to an entire network system that is made up using nodes or artificial neurons. It mimics the way neurons work in the brain of an animal. In doing so, this neural network can carry out functions such as categorization, classification, pattern recognition, language processing, named entity recognition, and much more. This helps solve a lot of AI problems.

Comparison Table Between AI and Neural Network

Parameters of ComparisonAINeural Network
MeaningIt is a layer of neural networks that smart machines possess.It is a system of artificial nodes that are used together in coherence with an animal brain.
NatureIt refers to machines possessing their own intelligence.It mimics the intelligence that an animal brain possesses.
DependencyIt is dependent on artificial neural networks.It is not dependent on AI.
ApplicationsIt is used in machine learning, machine vision, knowledge reasoning, clinical diagnosis, and much more.It is used for categorization, classification, pattern recognition, language processing, named entity recognition, and much more.
TrainingIt can be trained very quickly.It takes a relatively longer duration to train neural networks.
PerformanceIt shows very high performance.It shows low performance.

What is AI?

AI, according to a broad definition, is any system that is able to perceive and analyse its environment. Furthermore, it must be able to take actions based on previous inferences. This should be done in a way that maximizes the chances of achieving a particular objective. This technology was founded in 1956, after which it became an academic discipline.

AI is functional in numerous smart machines that possess their own intelligence. The form of technology is present in various web search engines, self-driving cars, recommendation systems, systems that understand human speech, strategic gaming systems and even automated decision-making systems.

This form of intelligence is largely based on artificial neural networks. The cognitive abilities of an animal’s brain are used as a basis for these smart machines to have their own intelligence. This intelligence can further be applied to numerous tasks. Some of them include machine learning, machine vision, knowledge reasoning, clinical diagnosis, and much more.

AI is one of the most advanced technologies out there right now. As compared to other learning technologies, it is one of the fastest to train. Moreover, the performance that it displays is the most effective and efficient. However, there are various laws and regulations that regulate their use across the world.

What is Neural Network?

A neural network is an entire system of artificial neurons that mimic the intelligence of an animal’s brain, including humans. Its theoretical base was first laid out in 1873, after which various studies have been conducted regarding its concept. The entire mechanism of AI has neural networks at its roots.

The technology is made from groups of neurons that are functionally connected to each other. One neuron may be connected to several other neurons which together form an extensive network. They work in coherence to how a real brain displays its cognitive abilities. Due to this, it has inspired many designs of cognitive modelling.

Neural networks can be used for a variety of applications. Some of them include pattern recognition, sequence recognition, e-mail spam filtering, data mining, medical diagnosis, strategic game-playing and even decision making. By dint of these abilities, this technology has been adopted in numerous machines across the world.

However, there are certain limitations of neural networks in comparison with AI. It takes a far longer duration to train this network for it to be able to perform functions. Moreover, as compared to the former, it is not as efficient in its performance. However, the network goes through several improvements constantly, to make it a top-of-the-line system.

Main Differences Between AI and Neural Network

  1. AI is a layer of neural networks that smart machines possess whereas a neural network is a system of artificial nodes that are used together in coherence with an animal brain.
  2. AI refers to machines possessing their own intelligence whereas a neural network mimics the intelligence that an animal brain possesses.
  3. AI is dependent on artificial neural networks whereas neural network is not dependent on AI.
  4. AI is used in machine learning, machine vision, knowledge reasoning, clinical diagnosis, and much more whereas neural network is used for categorization, classification, pattern recognition, language processing, named entity recognition, and much more.
  5. AI can be trained very quickly whereas neural network takes a relatively longer duration to train.
  6. AI shows very high performance whereas neural network shows low performance.

Conclusion

AI and neural networks are somewhat related. At its roots, AI is largely inspired by neural networks and even used some of its functionality in its own design. However, there are several differences between the two. Firstly, AI is far more advanced, easier to train and even exhibits higher performance.

When it comes to their meaning, AI is an intelligence that smart machines possess, and it is of their own. On the other hand, a neural network is made in accordance with how an animal’s brain would function. This means that the intelligence that it possesses is not it’s own at all.

References

  1. https://thejns.org/view/journals/j-neurosurg/113/3/article-p585.xml
  2. https://pubs.rsna.org/doi/abs/10.1148/radiol.2017170236
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