AKC vs CKC: Difference and Comparison

There are many breeds of dogs around the world. Being a dog lover and wanting to choose the best breed for themselves can be quite the task because every breed would start seeming perfect for you.

AKC and CKC are the two main and popular dog registry clubs. They give a count of the approximate breeds that they recognize and allow registration of other dogs into their clubs. They both have strict standards, but they are quite different from one another. What are the differences?

Key Takeaways

  1. AKC stands for American Kennel Club, while CKC stands for Continental Kennel Club.
  2. AKC is the largest and most well-known kennel club in the US, while CKC is a smaller organization that operates primarily in North America.
  3. AKC and CKC provide services such as breed registration, dog shows, and education for owners and breeders.


AKC is a registered and credible organization serving to list and sport the thoroughbred of dogs. It aims to enlighten dog lovers and general people about pureblooded dogs and the importance of the human and dog relationship. The Canadian kennel club (CKC) is a organization working freely without any profits for preserving the pure breeds of dogs.

AKC vs CKC 1

AKC, short for American Kennel Club, has existed since the early 1880s. They were the first of their kind and had no global competition until the early 1900s. They have strict policies for registration and do not allow inbreeding.


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Even if a dog is registered, it can be suspended from its registration once they stop meeting the club’s standards. CKC is short for Continental Kennel Club, another dog registry club established in 1991 after adapting the idea from AKC.

They have 450 registered and recognized breeds, allowing the registration of pure and mixed breeds. They also have registration policies but are more lenient than AKC.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonAKCCKC
AbbreviationAmerican Kennel ClubContinental Kennel Club
OriginPresent since the 1880sIt was established in 1991
Recognized breeds150 dog breeds450 dog breeds
ChargesFor the registration, canines and litterOnly for the registration of canines
RegistrationPure breeds of only AKC-registered parentsPure and mixed breeds
RulesStrict rules to avoid inbreeding and to only have pure breeds with registered parentsRules are more lenient and do not follow a closed registration policy.

What is AKC?

AKC, or American Kennel Club, is a dog registry club founded in the 1880s. The AKC was the first of its kind, and for the longest time, there were no other dog registry clubs across the globe. This is the reason for their undying popularity.

They have strict registration policies, one of the reasons why they have only 150 recognized breeds. They only propagate pure breeds and ensure this is done properly with constant DNA check-ups.

AKC allows breeding only between registered AKC parents. This is one of the strict criteria they followed for recognizing the new dog. They also check the cleanliness of the kennel and the DNA.

If they fall out of the required standards or do not reach up to them after registration, they can suspend the registration. The pricing plans are, therefore, different from that of CKC. While the CKC does not charge for the litter, the AKC charges for both the litter and the canines.


What is CKC?

CKC, or Continental Kennel Club, is a dog registry club. Only the mother has to be a registered member of CKC, whereas the father can have a certificate from any other CKC-recognized organization.

It was founded in 1991 and is now called the American dog mill due to its large number of recognized breeds, of approximately 450 breeds. Their lenient standards and greater facilities have made it one of the greatest competitors of AKC.

It leads to inbreeding. CKC has faced backlash, saying they do not care about the quality of the breed. Their lenient registration has led to the owner’s worries about mixing their dogs with one another.

They require 3 photos and one signature for the proof of a new dog’s breed to be registered with the CKC. This allows an advantage for the owners to be able to recognize and get back their dog.


Main Differences Between AKC and CKC

  1. AKC stands for American Kennel Club, the first of its kind dog registry club. CKC stands for Continental Kennel Club and is also a dog registry club established following the ideas of AKC.
  2. AKC was established in the early 1880s, and no other such clubs existed until the beginning of the 1900s. CKC was only recently established around the year 1991.
  3. AKC has only 150 dog breeds, whereas CKC has 450 recognized and registered dog breeds in its club.
  4. The charges of AKC are high because they charge for the registration of the canines and litter. At the same time, the charges of CKC are comparatively lesser since they charge for the registration of only the canines.
  5. The registration of the two is also quite different. This is because, for AKC registration, both parents have to be AKC-registered, whereas this rule is not seen in CKC. Only the mother has to be CKC-registered, whereas the father doesn’t need to be, allowing pure and mixed breeds of dogs.
  6. The rules and standards of AKC are strict and are followed up closely to prevent inbreeding from happening. In the case of CKC, their standards are much more lenient, which is why they have more recognized breeds.
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  1. https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0221418
  2. http://thefanhitch.org/V16N2/V16N2Taxonomy.html

This article has been written by: Supriya Kandekar

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