Amalgamation vs Merger: Difference and Comparison

Amalgamation is the fusion of two or more firms that work in the same occupation to form a purely new organization.


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Amalgamation works in two methods: the form of merger or the state of absorption. Amalgamation is a lawful procedure where two or more organizations unite to form a new firm.

In a merger, two or more institutions lend themselves to create a new firm or company. The union implies consolidating two or more organizations to form a new company through absorption.

In this process, both organizations capitulate their shares and commodities and provide new shares as a new institute.

Key Takeaways

  1. Amalgamation is the process of combining two or more companies into a new entity, with the original companies ceasing to exist; merger is the unification of two or more companies into one existing company, which absorbs the other companies.
  2. In amalgamation, a completely new entity is formed, whereas in a merger, one of the existing companies continues to operate, incorporating the assets and liabilities of the merged companies.
  3. Both amalgamation and merger are methods of corporate consolidation aiming to achieve synergies, cost savings, and market expansion, but they differ in the structure and outcome of the combined entity.

Amalgamation vs Merger

Amalgamation is the process of combining two or more companies into a new entity, where the new entity is a completely new legal entity, with a new name and structure. A merger is the process of combining two or more companies to form a single entity and results in the formation of a single company.

Amalgamation vs Merger


Comparison Table

Parameter of ComparisonAmalgamationMerger
ConceptThe method in which two or more organizations are mixed up to form a new firm that receives their job is known as Amalgamation.A merger is mixing two or more firms by their respective individual choices to form a new organization.
FormationIn Amalgamation, a new firm is formed by the combination of 2 or more existing firms.In a Merger, an existing organization disintegrates one or more existing firms.
InitiationAmalgamation takes place on the dynamism of an exterior supporter.In a merger, the surviving organization takes hold and control and makes a total effort to effect the merger.
Minimum organizations involvedAmalgamation involves a minimum of 3 organizations.The merger involves a minimum of 2 companies.
Impact on shareholdersAmalgamation affects all the shareholders.In a merger, the shareholders of absorbed organizations are influenced.


What is Amalgamation?

Amalgamation is the procedure in which two organizations get mixed to build up a new firm, which takes over the occupation and complete control of the diverse organizations.

The firm delivering loses its recognition to build up a new organization. It includes the involvement of one firm by the other firm.

The techniques of the judgment of accounts for amalgamation are Pooling of interest Techniques and Purchase techniques. Amalgamation is the procedure where the combined organisations are known as Amalgamating or Retailer organizations.

The organizations combined are of similar proportions and environment, which collectively decides to relax up the firm to build a different and unique permissible institute with a brand new and unique name.

There are various advantages of amalgamation, including alliance, enlargement, depletion in contention, an elevation in productivity, etc.


What is Merger?

A merger is the union of two organizations on basically similar terms into a new lawful institution. Mergers are of various types, and there are many reasons why an organization involves itself in this procedure.

Mergers take place to enlarge the organization or the institute’s reach and scope out of a particular area, gain market stocks and commodities, or grow revenues.

These kinds of tasks are done to enlarge and increase stockholder value. Subsequently, the merger, stocks, and commodities of the new firm are allocated to the keep-going stockholders.

The motive for embracing the merger by many organizations is to combine the assets, power, and fragility of the merging institutes accompanying the separating business obstacles, reducing contention and gaining harmony and alliance.

Describe the different types of Mergers which are there.

  1. Conglomerate Merger: – This is a merger between institutes indulged in purely separate employment activities.
  2. Congeneric Merger: – This is a merger in which two firms are in similar or linked organizations but do not serve similar products.
  3. Horizontal Merger: – This merger combination occurs between organizations that work in a similar firm.
  4. Vertical Merger: – This is a merger of two or more firms that serves different supply chain features for commodities or assistance. 

Main Differences Between Amalgamation and Merger

  1. Amalgamation occurs when two or more organizations unite and combine to give rise to a brand-new company. In contrast, Merger is a kind of communal scheme where two or more organizations, by their individual choices, join together and make a fusion to form a new company known as a Merger.
  2. In the case of the Merger, there is a more lawful protocol as compared to Amalgamation.
  3. Amalgamation can be said as an elective in the environment. On the other hand, mergers can be unrestricted or unfriendly.
  4. In the case of Amalgamation, at least 3 organizations are indulged, including 2 Amalgamating companies and 1 new organization, which is formed by the fusion of the two companies. In the Merger, only 2 organizations are indulged.
  5. The size of the organizations formed through the process of Amalgamation is more or less similar, whereas in the case of a Merger, 1 organization of significant size control and master the organization of compact size.
  6. Stockholders are very much affected and influenced by the procedure of Amalgamation, whereas the Merger does not affect the stockholders much.
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