Every household has some basic work like cooking, laundry, cleaning, etc., which include a few things to accomplish certain tasks like vegetables and spices for cooking, detergent for laundry, disinfectants and cleaners for cleaning the house, etc. Cleaning should be done regularly in houses as there are germs that can be harmful to kids or even adults and thus needs to be cleaned up properly.
Besides germs, dust and pollution accumulate on surfaces like tile floors, wooden work, etc., so cleaning up is required. Some agents for cleaning available in the market help disinfect or discolour several materials in the house.
Various brands sell these cleaning agents. These are disinfectants and can be fatal if consumed.
It is always advisable to keep them out of the reach of children. They can be hazardous if consumed as they have chemicals which are toxins for the human body.
There are a variety of chemicals for cleaning, but few components are fundamental in all cleaning agents. This constitutes ammonia or bleach.
- Ammonia is a nitrogen and hydrogen compound commonly used as a household cleaner, in fertilizers, and in industrial applications.
- Bleach is a chemical compound containing sodium hypochlorite, used for disinfecting, removing stains, and as a whitening agent.
- Combining ammonia and bleach produces toxic chloramine gas, making it crucial never to mix these two cleaning agents.
Ammonia vs Bleach
Ammonia is an oxidizing agent used for cleansing and disinfecting in industrial and household settings. It is used for cleaning hard surfaces like, tiles, floors etc. Bleach is another oxidizing agent made up of water, caustic soda and chlorine. It is used for bleaching fabrics and washing dishes.
|Parameters of Comparison||Ammonia||Bleach|
|Composition||Hydrogen and nitrogen||Sodium hypochlorite, caustic soda, water, etc.|
|Uses||Used as disinfectant and cleaners||Used in detergents as a disclination agent|
|Strength||Less strong||More strong|
|Surfaces used on||Hard surfaces lk, tils, toilets, etc.||Surfaces like fabrics|
What is Ammonia?
Ammonia is the cleaning agent used in households. It is mainly used in cleaning surfaces like tubs, sinks, toilets, kitchen counters, tiles, etc.. ammonia is present in several other agents and their fundamental composition.
Ammonia is part of many commercial cleaning agents mixed with several other ingredients. But it can be used by diluting the solution with water.
Ammonia is an inexpensive cleaning agent. Ammonia is made up of three atoms of hydrogen and one atom of nitrogen.
It helps to clean the germs properly without even discolouration the surface. Otherwise, it is often seen that few cleaning solutions discolour the surface. But ammonia does not lighten the surface colour.
Ammonia should never be mixed with bleach as it can be the worst combination; it can be fatal and lead to many severe diseases. High ammonia and bleach are never mixed in one cleaning agent; there will be either ammonia or bleach in any commercial cleaning solution.
Ammonia is hazardous to health; consuming any solution that contains ammonia can burn the mouth, throat, and stomach or lead to severe abdominal pain. Urine or blood tests can be done to detect ammonia in the human body.
Ammonia is also helpful in cleaning jewellery as well; it helps in clearing out grease also. It doesn’t remove the surface’s colour, which is ideal for cleaning.
Ammonia is also a gas beneficial in farms in the form of urea created by animals. Ammonium hydroxide is used for cleaning purposes.
Otherwise, ammonia is useful in farms as a fertilizer. It is always present in the environment. It is also used as gas in air conditioners or refrigerators because it can absorb heat.
What is Bleach?
Bleach is an inexpensive cleaner; it is generally used when any unwanted colour or stain has to be removed from fabric or any surface. Its main use is discolouration.
And this possession of removing stains is known as bleaching. Bleach consists of a main chemical known as Sodium hypochlorite (NaCIO), and there are secondary ingredients, like water, caustic soda, and chlorine.
This is the composition of basic bleach used in households to remove stains. Bleach works by releasing oxygen molecules, also known as oxidation.
In oxidation, bleach releases oxygen which breaks up the bond of chromophores, ultimately leading to discolouration of the stain. The common use of bleach is to remove stains from clothes. Thus there are several brands of commercial cleaners which consist of bleach in them.
Mainly bleach is used in detergents. In any cleaner or detergent, there will be either ammonia or bleach.
They are not mixed in any solution. Diluted bleach can be used directly on hard surfaces or clothes.
Bleach is said to be a more powerful disinfectant due to its discolouration property. It has some hazardous features as well.
For the human body, bleach is not suitable; its consumption can be fatal, and its external use can lead to irritation in the skin, and eyes, burning can be caused, it can cause skin rashes, and internally it can cause migraine, extreme headaches, muscle weakness, nausea, vomiting, etc. Bleach not only helps remove stains, but it also helps kill bacteria; the presence of active chemical sodium hypochlorite viruses, including influenza, fungi and many other germs are killed. The active chemical can turn inactive with us of organic material.
The presence of bleach in any cleaner indicates that the cleaner will help to remove stains from the surface. It is a strong disinfectant as well.
Main Differences Between Ammonia and Bleach
- Ammonia is used for cleaning surfaces, whereas bleach is mainly used for discolouring surfaces.
- Ammonia helps in removing grease; on the contrary, bleach helps in removing stains.
- The composition of ammonia contains hydrogen and nitrogen, but bleach contains sodium hypochlorite, chlorine, water, etc.
- Bleach is said to be a stronger disinfectant than ammonia.
- Ammonia is used mainly on hard surfaces like tiles, toilets, etc., whereas bleach is used mainly on fabrics.
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Piyush Yadav has spent the past 25 years working as a physicist in the local community. He is a physicist passionate about making science more accessible to our readers. He holds a BSc in Natural Sciences and Post Graduate Diploma in Environmental Science. You can read more about him on his bio page.