Difference Between Anglo Celtic and Anglo Saxon

Anglo Celtic and Anglo Saxon are phrases that are used to refer to two different groups of people that originated long ago. Both of these groups have different originations, and even the time they emerged is different.

However, many people still manage to confuse the two with one another. These groups have collapsed by now but are still a popular topic amongst historians.

Anglo Celtic vs Anglo Saxon 

The main difference between Anglo Celtics and Anglo Saxons is that Anglo Celtics is used to refer to people native to Britain and Ireland who emerged around 1200 B.C. The word Anglo Saxons refer to German tribes that originated in the fifth century. The Anglo-Celtics spoke the Welsh language, and the Anglo Saxons spoke Old English. 

Anglo Celtics vs Anglo Saxon

Anglo-Celtic people are predominantly derived from British and Irish people. Anglo Celtic culture emerged around 1200 B.C., and The Anglo Celtic culture collapsed around 300 to 600 AC.

Celtic legends portrayed strong women, and their stories were full of fairies, magic, and love. The Celts lived in tribes and preferred to adorn themselves with blue paint and tattoos to portray themselves as ferocious. 

Anglo-Saxon, a historical name for any descendant of the Germanic peoples who occupied and dominated lands that are now part of England and Wales beginning in the fifth century CE.

Saxon legends are male-dominated, and their stories are full of dark concepts. The Anglo-Celtic culture collapsed around 1066 AD. 

Comparison Table Between Anglo Celtic and Anglo Saxon 

Parameters of Comparison Anglo Celtic Anglo Saxon 
Ethnicity  Anglo Celtic is a word used to encompass the numerous civilizations indigenous to Britain and Ireland. The word Anglo Saxon refers to the conquering German tribes in the fifth century. 
Dominant Language Celtics mostly spoke Welsh Saxons usually spoke Old English 
Legends and Stories Celtic legends portrayed strong women and their stories were full of fairies, magic, and love Saxon legends are male-dominated and their stories were full of darker concepts 
Year of Emergence Anglo Celtic culture emerged around 1200 B.C. Anglo Saxon culture emerged around 410 AD 
Year of Collapse The Anglo Celtic culture collapsed around 300 to 600 AC The Anglo Celtic culture collapsed around 1066 AD 

What is Anglo Celtic? 

Anglo-Celtic people are predominantly derived from British and Irish people.

Outside of the United Kingdom and Ireland, the notion is most applicable in Australia but can also be utilized in the United States, Canada, New Zealand, and Africa, where a large diaspora exists. 

The name is extracted from the combination of the prefix Anglo- with the adjective Celtic.

The word Anglo-, usually signifies “English,” which originates from the Angles, a Germanic population that settled in Britain (primarily in what is now England) during the first millennium.

These individuals gave rise to what is known as England (Old English: Engla land or ngla land). 

Celtic Britain spanned the Iron Period, around 600 BC – 50 AD, and became the era of the Celt in Britain (England), as the Celtic culture spread over the British Isles.

They showed up in Britain as independent tribes that moved there and had a shared language, religious doctrine, and creative expression. 

 The Celts introduced ironworking to the British Isles and resided in tribes without the need for a central authority. The Celts were ferocious fighters.

They preferred to cover themselves in blue paint and tattoos to give themselves a frighteningly ferocious appearance. 

What is Anglo Saxon? 

Anglo-Saxon, a word used traditionally to identify any descendant of the Germanic peoples who occupied and governed lands that are now part of England and Wales from the 5th century CE to the Norman Conquest (1066).

Their following colonies from what is now England formed the basis for the realms of Essex, Sussex, and Wessex. 

The inhabitants of the several Anglo-Saxon nations spoke unique languages that changed through time and were known collectively as Old English.

A remarkably rich vernacular literature arose from the diversity of dialects. The name Anglo-Saxon appears to have been coined by Continental authors in the late 8th century to differentiate British Saxons from others on the European continent. 

The Anglo-Saxons were descended from three distinct Germanic peoples: the Angles, the Saxons, and the Jutes.

In the 5th century, these settlers moved from northern Germany to the land of Britain at the request of Vortigern, a British prince, to effectively protect his realm against raiding raids by the Picts and Scotti, who controlled what has now become Scotland.  

Archaeological evidence indicates that the first migration from Germanic areas of mainland Europe comprised Frisians and before the Roman retreat from Britain in 410 CE. 

Main Differences Between Anglo Celtic and Anglo Saxon 

  1. Anglo Celtic people were native to Britain and England, whereas Anglo Saxon people were German tribes. 
  2. Anglo Celtic people mostly spoke the Welsh language, and Anglo Saxon people used to speak Old English. 
  3. Anglo Celtic legends portrayed strong women, and their stories were full of fairies, magic and love, while Anglo Saxon legends are male-dominated, and their stories were full of darker concepts. 
  4. Anglo Celtic culture emerged around 1200 B.C, and Anglo Saxon culture emerged around 410 AD. 
  5. Anglo Celtic empire collapsed around 600 AC, and the Anglo Saxon empire collapsed around 1066 AD. 

Conclusion 

The phrase Anglo Celtic encompasses both the Anglo Saxons and Celtic, a name used to characterize people from Scotland, Wales, Ireland, and Cornwall. Anglo Celtic, on the other hand, excludes the Celtic peoples who have resettled on the continent. 

The word is often used in Australia to describe persons of British or Irish origin. These individuals account for around 80% of the Australian community, and it is typical to discover an Anglo-Celtic Australian with quite a British or Irish ancestry.

However, the word is not widely used in the United States or Canada. 

The name Anglo Saxons are no longer widely used since it corresponds to just very few groups that conquered and remained in Britain.

In the past, the word was also used to excuse racism by implying that invading German tribes that landed in Britain were supreme to the colonized people. 

The Anglo-Saxon reign, which began in the fifth century, came to an end in 1066, well with the Battle of Hastings. This was the start of the Norman Rule.

Nevertheless, the six centuries of the Anglo-Saxon era had a profound impact on Britain, the law, languages, and civilization. 

References 

  1. https://hekyll.services.adelaide.edu.au/dspace/bitstream/2440/39817/1/Johnson_Treaty.pdf 
  2. https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/anglo-saxon-england/article/aetheling-a-study-in-anglosaxon-constitutional-history/F44665FB70572C35E9CBFC9A490B74F9 
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