Difference Between Anorexia and Bulimia (With Table)

Anorexia vs Bulimia

A human body is prone to many diseases, some caused by bacterial, some viral and some fungal infections

BUT do you know that how a person eats can also make him fall sick?

No wonder eating disorder can seriously damage the body. These conditions can hamper with a physique more than other mental health problems.

Both Anorexia and Bulimia can cause severe body changes like weight loss, weight gain, etc.

However, with both these diseases, People want to lose their weight, but they’re eating ways causes eating disorder.

The key difference between Anorexia and Bulimia lies in the fact that in Anorexia, people eat very less or stop eating completely. People suffering from Anorexia want to be as lean as possible

In the Bulimia people eat a lot or they start overeating. People suffering from Anorexia wants to come to an ideal weight, but wrong food habits do the opposite.

Therefore, we should keep in mind that both Anorexia and Bulimia are diseases caused by eating improperly.

Although these diseases can happen to both the male and females, it is observed that women are prone to this disease far more than men.          

In this guide, we are covering all the essential details for you to understand the difference between Anorexia and Bulimia, so as you are aware of this eating disorder and can have a check at your eating habits.


 

Comparison Table Between Anorexia and Bulimia (in Tabular Form)

Parameter of ComparisonAnorexiaBulimia
DefinitionAnorexia is an eating disorder where people eat less or stop eating food completely Bulimia is an eating disorder where people eat more or even do overeating
Eating PatternEat very lessOvereats
Control on EatingThere is complete control overeating There is no control on eating
Side Effects Low BP, Cardiac Arrest, Constipation, etc. Strep throat, decay in the tooth cavity, Dehydration, etc.
Age of occurrence Late 30’s or in early adultsLate 20’s or in teens
MortalityApprox. 4% died due to this diseaseNot more than, 1% died due to this disease

 

What is Anorexia?

Anorexia is an eating disorder where people eat less or stop eating food completely.

We can check the severity of Anorexia by calculating the height and weight of a person, or simply saying the BMI index.

As a person’s BMI goes down, there is a high possibility of severe Anorexia.

People want to get leaner, with that tendency they start taking little food or even in some cases they just stop eating. This is when Anorexia takes place.

Following are some symptoms of Anorexia known;

  1. It hampers self-esteem
  2. People don’t eat or skip meals
  3. Disconnecting from Social communities or friend circle
  4. Not able to focus on work
  5. Getting too conscious about food, and being leaner.

Anorexia creates a very unusual relationship with how a person consumes food. There is complete control over how a person consumes food, a routine is followed by how to take meals, which sometimes then makes a person confuse that he is eating more, and hence they stop taking food.

Therefore, it is equally important to also know, that Anorexia as an eating disorder can have several side effects like heart issues, low blood pressure, constipation, etc.

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Thus, it is required to understand that Anorexia should be properly treated by the consulting doctor.

Anorexia means eating less
 

What is Bulimia?

Bulimia is an eating disorder where people eat more or even do overeating

If you want to detect whether a person is suffering from Bulimia, check the weight and height of the person and measure the BMI. If the BMI goes on increasing, there is a higher possibility of Bulimia.

Although people want to get leaner, they think that they just have to reach an ideal weight.

They break from eating food for some time, but cannot stop the urge and hence start taking more food as before or even in some cases they just start overeating. This is when Bulimia takes place.

Following are some symptoms of Bulimia known;

  1. Body shape changes and poor body structure.
  2. Having too much focus on food.
  3. Having food even after regular meals.
  4. Very less self-esteem
  5. Feeling urge of an empty stomach.

Bulimia creates a very unusual relationship with how a person consumes food.

There is no control over how a person consumes food, no routine is followed on how to take meals, which sometimes then makes a person confuse that he is eating less, and hence they start taking more food than normal.

Therefore, it is equally important to also know, that Bulimia as an eating disorder can have several side effects like dehydration, decay in the tooth cavity, short of breath, etc.

Thus, it is required to understand that Bulimia should be properly treated by a consulting doctor.

Bulimia is overeating
Bulimia is overeating

Main Differences Between Anorexia and Bulimia

Although both these diseases Anorexia and Bulimia are caused by eating disorders, both these diseases happen in order to get lean.

However, Anorexia and Bulimia has a lot of difference with respect to eating habits, side effects, and other symptoms

  1. In Anorexia, people consume less food, but in Bulimia, people consume more food
  2. In Anorexia, there can be some control over food, but in Bulimia, no control on diet is observed.
  3. There are higher chances of death in Anorexia, but Bulimia very fewer deaths occur.

 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) About Anorexia and Bulimia

  1. Can you have bulimia and anorexia at the same time?

    Yes, a person can have the disease of bulimia and anorexia at the same time. Bulimia and anorexia are both eating disorders. Both these disorders happen when a person is eating junk food and following an unhealthy diet pattern.

    Both these diseases result in making the body distorted and also hampers the BMI of the individual and results in a lot of weight gain.

  2. Where is bulimia most common?

    Bulimia effects are more to be seen in the women as compared to the men crowd.

    Bulimia is more to be found in the girls who are younger in age and less to be found out in the older-aged women.

    The bulimia disorder is more to be found out in the United States of America and other nearby regions.

  3. What is anorexia purging?

    Anorexia is an eating disorder. A person who is suffering from anorexia loses his or her appetite or intakes a very less amount of food.

    Purging anorexia is a process where a person self induces the feeling of vomit and also deliberately misuses the laxatives and other vomit-inducing medicines.

    This can also happen when a person deliberately uses enema.

  4. How do you diagnose anorexia?

    The anorexia disorder can be diagnosed when the intake of food by a person has been reduced to a very large extent or has almost been stopped.

    Also if the person is suffering from drastic loss in the weight of the body, then this could be because of anorexia.

    Also if a person is suffering from the fear of losing weight, then anorexia can be diagnosed.

  5. Do you lose weight faster being anorexic or bulimic?

    A person loses more weight in the case of anorexia rather than that in bulimia. In the case of anorexia, a person has reduced the intake of food to a very large extent or has almost been stopped.

    This results in a drastic weight loss which is 20-25 percent more than the weight loss which happens in the case of bulimia.

  6. How long can you live with bulimia?

    The disorder of bulimia happens mostly in women. All around the globe, around 1.5 to 2 percent of the women suffer from bulimia which is mostly cured over the span of 10 to 12 years.

    But, in some low-level bulimia cases, the disease can be cured within a span of 2 to 3 years only. Only in some specific cases, this disease has proved to be fatal for some persons.

  7. How do you know if someone has bulimia?

    The major symptoms of diagnosing that whether a person is suffering from bulimia are as follows:
    1) The habit of going to the bathroom as soon as a person is eating or drinking something
    2) If the person has damaged teeth or gums
    3) If the voice quality of the person has become raspy or scratched.

    Also, if scars are present on the knuckles of the person, which occur due to the deliberate vomiting, then it can be inferred that the person is suffering from bulimia.

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Conclusion

While both Anorexia and Bulimia are eating disorders. These diseases can affect both gender male or female.

But it is observed that women are more prone to have this disease as compared with men, as they are very conscious about their looks and weight. They want to have a perfect body shape and feel proud of it.

Since these disorders are directly related to food, which as a human we can’t avoid them. Though it is a little difficult to follow the regime, but not impossible.

Although getting recovered from these diseases will happen, a person diagnosed with these diseases can be treated well by some changes in behavior, therapies and following proper medication.


 

Word Cloud for Difference Between Anorexia and Bulimia

The following is a collection of the most used terms in this article on Anorexia and Bulimia. This should help in recalling related terms as used in this article at a later stage for you.

Difference Between Anorexia and Bulimia
Word Cloud for Anorexia and Bulimia

 

References

  1. https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamapsychiatry/article-abstract/492394
  2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc2601682/
  3. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S089085670966531X