Difference Between Anorexia and Bulimia (With Table)

A human body is prone to many diseases, some caused by bacterial, some viral and some fungal infections. BUT do you know that how a person eats can also make him fall sick?

No wonder eating disorder can seriously damage the body. These conditions can hamper with a physique more than other mental health problems. Both Anorexia and Bulimia can cause severe body changes like weight loss, weight gain, etc. However, with both these diseases, People want to lose their weight, but they’re eating ways causes eating disorder

Anorexia vs Bulimia

The difference between Anorexia and Bulimia lies in the fact that in Anorexia, people eat very less or stop eating completely. People suffering from Anorexia want to be as lean as possible. In the Bulimia people eat a lot or they start overeating. People suffering from Anorexia wants to come to an ideal weight, but wrong food habits do the opposite.

Therefore, we should keep in mind that both Anorexia and Bulimia are diseases caused by eating improperly. Although these diseases can happen to both the male and females, it is observed that women are prone to this disease far more than men.          

In this guide, we are covering all the essential details for you to understand the difference between Anorexia and Bulimia, so as you are aware of this eating disorder and can have a check at your eating habits.


 

Comparison Table Between Anorexia and Bulimia (in Tabular Form)

Parameter of ComparisonAnorexiaBulimia
DefinitionAnorexia is an eating disorder where people eat less or stop eating food completelyBulimia is an eating disorder where people eat more or even do overeating
Eating PatternEat very lessOvereats
Control on EatingThere is complete control overeatingThere is no control on eating
Side EffectsLow BP, Cardiac Arrest, Constipation, etc.Strep throat, decay in the tooth cavity, Dehydration, etc.
Age of occurrenceLate 30’s or in early adultsLate 20’s or in teens
MortalityApprox. 4% died due to this diseaseNot more than, 1% died due to this disease

 

What is Anorexia?

Anorexia is an eating disorder where people eat less or stop eating food completely.

We can check the severity of Anorexia by calculating the height and weight of a person, or simply saying the BMI index.

As a person’s BMI goes down, there is a high possibility of severe Anorexia.

People want to get leaner, with that tendency they start taking little food or even in some cases they just stop eating. This is when Anorexia takes place.

Following are some symptoms of Anorexia known;

  1. It hampers self-esteem
  2. People don’t eat or skip meals
  3. Disconnecting from Social communities or friend circle
  4. Not able to focus on work
  5. Getting too conscious about food, and being leaner.

Anorexia creates a very unusual relationship with how a person consumes food. There is complete control over how a person consumes food, a routine is followed by how to take meals, which sometimes then makes a person confuse that he is eating more, and hence they stop taking food.

Therefore, it is equally important to also know, that Anorexia as an eating disorder can have several side effects like heart issues, low blood pressure, constipation, etc.

Thus, it is required to understand that Anorexia should be properly treated by the consulting doctor.

 

What is Bulimia?

Bulimia is an eating disorder where people eat more or even do overeating

If you want to detect whether a person is suffering from Bulimia, check the weight and height of the person and measure the BMI. If the BMI goes on increasing, there is a higher possibility of Bulimia.

Although people want to get leaner, they think that they just have to reach an ideal weight.

They break from eating food for some time, but cannot stop the urge and hence start taking more food as before or even in some cases they just start overeating. This is when Bulimia takes place.

Following are some symptoms of Bulimia known;

  1. Body shape changes and poor body structure.
  2. Having too much focus on food.
  3. Having food even after regular meals.
  4. Very less self-esteem
  5. Feeling urge of an empty stomach.

Bulimia creates a very unusual relationship with how a person consumes food.

There is no control over how a person consumes food, no routine is followed on how to take meals, which sometimes then makes a person confuse that he is eating less, and hence they start taking more food than normal.

Therefore, it is equally important to also know, that Bulimia as an eating disorder can have several side effects like dehydration, decay in the tooth cavity, short of breath, etc.

Thus, it is required to understand that Bulimia should be properly treated by a consulting doctor.


Main Differences Between Anorexia and Bulimia

Although both these diseases Anorexia and Bulimia are caused by eating disorders, both these diseases happen in order to get lean.

However, Anorexia and Bulimia has a lot of difference with respect to eating habits, side effects, and other symptoms

  1. In Anorexia, people consume less food, but in Bulimia, people consume more food
  2. In Anorexia, there can be some control over food, but in Bulimia, no control on diet is observed.
  3. There are higher chances of death in Anorexia, but Bulimia very fewer deaths occur.

 

Conclusion

While both Anorexia and Bulimia are eating disorders. These diseases can affect both gender male or female.

But it is observed that women are more prone to have this disease as compared with men, as they are very conscious about their looks and weight. They want to have a perfect body shape and feel proud of it.

Since these disorders are directly related to food, which as a human we can’t avoid them. Though it is a little difficult to follow the regime, but not impossible.

Although getting recovered from these diseases will happen, a person diagnosed with these diseases can be treated well by some changes in behavior, therapies and following proper medication.


 

References

  1. https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamapsychiatry/article-abstract/492394
  2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc2601682/
  3. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S089085670966531X
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2D vs 3D