Difference Between Aquaculture and Fisheries (With Table)

Aquaculture, as well as fisheries, are inextricably linked, and there is little distinction between these two. Aquaculture and fisheries primarily deal well with the production and trade of fish and marine items. Though aquaculture and fisheries share many parallels, they also have some distinctions.

Aquaculture vs Fisheries

The difference between Aquaculture and Fisheries is that Fisheries are involved with the capture of fish or shellfish. They are primarily concerned with capturing, preparing, and selling fish. Aquaculture whereas is concerned with the production of both aquatic animals as well as aquatic vegetation. 

Aquaculture (also called aquaculture) is the regulated growth (“breeding”) of aquatic animals such as fish, shrimp, mollusks, plankton, and other valuable organisms such as aquatic species (e.g., lotus). Aquaculture is the cultivation of marine and freshwater animals in under-regulated or semi-controlled conditions, as opposed to fishing activities, which would be the capture of wild fish.

The fishery can refer to either the business of producing or collecting fish and other aquatic animals or, more typically, the location where such business is conducted (a.k.a. fishing ground). Commercial fisheries comprise both wild fishing and fish farms, and they operate in both freshwater ecosystems (approximately 10% of total capture) and oceanic ecosystems (about 90 percent ).

Comparison Table Between Aquaculture and Fisheries

Parameters of ComparisonAquacultureFisheries
ConnotationAquaculture, on the other hand, refers to the production of both marine animals as well as aquatic vegetation.Fisheries are engaged with the capture of fish or shellfish. They are primarily concerned with collecting, preparing, and selling fish.
EncompassesAquaculture is a study that encompasses all elements of marine life.Whereas fisheries are only concerned with capturing wild fish or producing and collecting fish.
Seawater of FreshwaterAquaculture could be fisheries management or coordinated multi-trophic aquaculture.Fisheries can be seawater or freshwater, untamed as well as farmed. The distinction among fisheries as well as fishery as words is that fisheries is fishing: the catching, preparing, and commercialization of fish or other seafood.
In case of Pearls Pearls are a commodity that can only be obtained through aquaculture rather than fishing.Therefore, Pearls can’t be obtained from Fisheries.
Fishery StocksBecause wild fishery stocks have been declining in recent years, aquaculture is thought to be a viable option for maintaining these stocks.Approximately 90% of all fish and shellfish are caught in wild fisheries.

What is Aquaculture?

Aquaculture (also called aquaculture) is the regulated growth (“breeding”) of aquatic animals such as fish, shrimp, mollusks, plankton, and other valuable organisms such as aquatic species (e.g., lotus). Aquaculture is the cultivation of marine and freshwater animals in under-regulated or semi-controlled conditions, as opposed to fishing activities, which would be the capture of wild fish.

Mariculture, often referred to as maritime farming, is the technique of aquaculture in marine water settings as contrasted to freshwater aquaculture. Aquaculture can also be carried out in totally artificial infrastructure built on land (onsite aquaculture), like fish tanks, ponds, or conduits.

This can be carried out where the living standards are controlled by humans; in very well deep waters near the coast of a waterbody (inshore aquaculture), in which the cultivated organisms are confined to comparatively more realism environments; or in fenced/enclosed segments of waterways away from the coast (offshore aquaculture), in which the cultured species are confined to comparatively more natural cycles.

What are Fisheries?

The fishery can refer to either the business of producing or collecting fish and other aquatic animals or, more typically, the location where such business is conducted (a.k.a. fishing ground). Commercial fisheries comprise both wild fishing and fish farms, and they operate in both freshwater ecosystems (approximately 10% of total capture) and oceanic ecosystems(about 90 percent ).

Fisheries provide a living for around 500 million individuals worldwide. During2016, 171 million tonnes of fish had been harvested. However, overfishing is becoming more of an issue, causing population decreases in some species. 

Declining fish stocks, water contamination, and the degradation of crucial coastal habitats have increased uncertainties in key fisheries around the world, jeopardizing socioeconomic and nutritional products in many regions of the world. These difficulties are exacerbated by alterations in the ocean caused by extreme weather events, which may extend the range of certain fisheries while drastically diminishing the viability of others.

Main Differences Between Aquaculture and Fisheries

  1. Aquaculture, on the other hand, refers to the production of both marine animals as well as aquatic vegetation. Whereas fisheries are engaged with the capture of fish or shellfish. They are primarily concerned with collecting, preparing, and selling fish.
  2. Aquaculture is a study that encompasses all elements of marine life. Whereas fisheries are only concerned with capturing wild fish or producing and collecting fish.
  3. Aquaculture could be fisheries management or coordinated multi-trophic aquaculture. On the other hand, Fisheries can be seawater or freshwater, untamed as well as farmed. The distinction among fisheries as well as fishery as words is that fisheries are fishing: the catching, preparing, and commercialization of fish or other seafood.
  4. Pearls are a commodity that can only be obtained through aquaculture rather than fishing. Therefore, Pearls can’t be obtained from Fisheries.
  5. Because wild fishery stocks have been declining in recent years, aquaculture is thought to be a viable option for maintaining these stocks, whereas approximately 90% of all fish and shellfish are caught in wild fisheries.

Conclusion

Aquaculture, commonly known as “fish farming,” is the spontaneous or planned growth of shellfish, fish, and seaweed within freshwater and saltwater habitats. Fisheries are concerned primarily with the capture of wild fish or the breeding and processing of fish using aquaculture as well as fish farming.

Aquaculture, on the other hand, is more than just growing and catching fish. Aquaculture is a field that studies all elements of marine life. Aquaculture is the cultivation and selling of shrimp, oysters, as well as other aquatic animals. Though there are some differences between these two, “fishery” is a term that is very strongly linked to aquaculture. Fisheries and aquaculture contribute to the conservation of fish populations while also allowing them to grow.

References

  1. https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=NkkOyiBC_UAC&oi=fnd&pg=PR3&dq=Difference+Between+Aquaculture+and+Fisheries+(With+Table)&ots=4U7w9Rg59G&sig=FoDwkyxgUxxgx1-CePYlEp9xuEs&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=Difference%20Between%20Aquaculture%20and%20Fisheries%20(With%20Table)&f=false
  2. https://www.proquest.com/openview/2fef338b4dfd7621db0bc9f37bb2bf82/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=237320
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