Difference Between Aquaculture And Mariculture

Aquaculture and Mariculture are both concerned with the cultivation of aquatic items under regulated circumstances.

Though both are concerned with increasing aquatic output, they vary in that one is concerned with developing fish items in freshwater resources and the other with seawater.

Aquaculture vs Mariculture

The main difference between aquaculture and mariculture is that of the water they are associated with. While aquaculture is associated with freshwater, mariculture is associated with saltwater. Aquaculture is the field that encompasses the entire range of fishery products. Mariculture, on the other hand, is a subset of aquaculture.

Aquaculture vs Mariculture

Aquaculture is a subset of agricultural production that specializes in the manufacture of fish and other aquatic organisms (such as shrimp or snails) rather than cattle.

Aquaculture may, in fact, include the cultivation of aquatic plants. Many commercial enterprises concentrate on cultivating freshwater fish, although specialist facilities may also produce saltwater (marine) fish.

Mariculture is a subcategory of Aquaculture. Freshwater fish farming is possible in some mariculture businesses, although it is significantly less widespread.

It takes to happen in open water and in confined areas. Wild fish are not collected from the ocean in mariculture, yet they are farmed in it.

Mariculture is similar to aquaculture; however, it takes place in open water rather than inside containers.

Comparison Table Between Aquaculture And Mariculture

Parameters of comparisonAquacultureMariculture
DefinitionCultivation of freshwater and saltwater creaturesA subset of aquaculture that involves the growing of marine creatures
Origin2500 BC19th century
Water conditionsFreshwaterSeawater
Cultivated goodsCatfish, tilapia, carp, etc.,Prawns, shrimp, snapper
BenefitsImproves the number of available employment, saves fishermen timeImproved human diets, the progressive abolition of unsustainable fishing

What is Aquaculture?

Aquaculture is the breeding, raising, and harvesting of aquatic flora and fauna in salt or freshwater for economic purposes. It is also known as the blue revolution.

Aquaculture aids in nutrient accumulation inhibits non-native species from fleeing into local rivers, reduces infectious diseases in aquatic life, and improves product quality.

As the consumption of seafood has grown, technology has enabled food to be grown in both coastal marine waters and the open ocean.

Aquaculture is a means of producing food and other commercial items, restoring habitat, and replenishing wild stocks, and rebuilding vulnerable and endangered wildlife populations.

Aquaculture is classified into two types: marine and freshwater.

Aquaculture can take place in completely artificial establishments built on the site (nearshore aquaculture),

such as aquariums, lakes, or conduits, where the living conditions are connected to a network; in well-sheltered deep waters near the coast of a waterbody (inshore aquaculture),

where the nurturing animals are confined to comparatively more naturalistic setting; or in portions of the open sea away from the coast surrounded by walls (offshore aquaculture)

Aquaculture expands the market’s available work opportunities. It both produces new items for the market and work possibilities because labor is needed to maintain the pools and collect the organisms developed.

Aquaculture also spares fishermen energy because they are no longer need to spend their days at sea fishing. It gives them more time to pursue other economic pursuits, such as starting new firms.

This encourages entrepreneurship and opens up additional employment opportunities and job opportunities.

What is Mariculture?

Mariculture is a subset of aquaculture that involves the growing of marine creatures in the open ocean for food and other goods.

Mariculture aids in the creation of commercial food, the removal of toxicity from sewage water, and the development of compounds for industrial, medical, and food manufacturing businesses.

Mariculture also includes the cultivation of plants such as seaweed.

These sea plant and animal species are employed in a variety of sectors, including cosmetics and jewelry, where collagen derived from seaweed is used to manufacture face treatments.

Pearls are extracted from mollusks and used to make fashion items.

Sea ranching is a type of mariculture that is commonly employed throughout the business. Around 1974, sea ranching became popular in the sector.

When it comes to the efficacy of this method of fish production, it must be set up in the proper environment. When marine ranching is carried out in the appropriate habitat for the species

Raising marine creatures in exposed, high-energy ocean habitats away from considerable coastal influence is a relatively recent technique to mariculture.

Some thought has gone into how open ocean mariculture might work in tandem with offshore energy deployment systems like wind farms to make better use of ocean areas.

Mariculture has grown quickly over the last two decades as a result of new technology, advances in formulated feeds, a better biological knowledge of farmed species, improved water quality inside closed farm systems,

increased demand for fishery products, site development, and government involvement.

Main Differences Between Aquaculture And Mariculture

  1. Aquaculture refers to the cultivation of freshwater and saltwater creatures such as mollusks, crustaceans, and aquatic plants. Mariculture, on the other hand, is a subset of aquaculture that involves the growing of marine creatures for food and other goods in the open ocean or ponds.
  2. Aquaculture may be dated back to 2500 BC, with its origins in China, where it was originally created. Meanwhile, Kokichi Mikimoto of Japan discovered mariculture in the nineteenth century.
  3. Freshwater is associated with aquaculture. Mariculture is associated with sea water.
  4. In terms of items growing in Aquaculture, they include catfish, tilapia, carp, salmon. While in Mariculture, they include prawns, shrimp, snapper.
  5. Aquaculture improves the number of available employments in the marketplace, saves fishermen time by eliminating the need for them to spend most of their time at sea fishing, and provides a way of reducing the trade imbalance. Meanwhile, mariculture offers economic and environmental advantages, such as improved human diets and the progressive abolition of unsustainable fishing.
Difference Between Aquaculture And Mariculture


Fish aquaculture is more popular than ever. Many individuals make the mistake of thinking that there is a distinction between freshwater and saltwater.

However, this is not the case. It falls between aquaculture and mariculture.

Aquaculture includes the cultivation of freshwater and saltwater populations under controlled settings, as opposed to commercial fishing, which entails the capture of wild fish.

It is concerned with the development of valuable aquatic plants and animals via the efficient utilization of the country’s accessible waterways.

Meanwhile, Mariculture is a subset of aquaculture that involves the growth of marine creatures for food production in the open sea, an enclosed portion of the ocean, or tank, lakes, or raceways filled with saltwater.


  1.  https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0045653511008344
  2. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-94-011-4449-0_74
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