Difference Between Bank Guarantee and Solvency Certificate

A guarantee is a formal assurance or agreement from the third party on certain conditions will be fulfilled by them. If debtors fail to make a payment towards the supplier, bank guarantees to pay on a certain amount.

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A bank or financial institution provides many services to its customers. It lends loans and guarantees the payment towards another party.  

International trade is an exchange of goods and services available in their country or importing needed or wanted goods and services from another country. To run a business smoothly and to increase economy and business activity Bank encourages its entity and individuals.

Bank Guarantee vs Solvency Certificate

The difference between Bank guarantee and Solvency certificate is that Bank guarantee is a promise or guarantee given by the bank to its customer in case debtors fails to pay the debts, the bank will make the payment in an international trade transaction. While Solvency certificate is a document that provides the detailed financial stability of an individual or entity.

Bank guarantee vs Solvency certificate

Bank Guarantee as the word says it guarantees made by the bank to its customer that the payment will be made on behalf of debtors in case debtors fails to pay the debt in an international trade transaction. It reduces credit risk to both parties in case transaction does not go as planned.

Solvency certificate is a document that is provided by the financial institution to establish the financial stability of anyone or any business owner. The solvency certificate normally issued by the revenue department or financial institution or bank.

It is mainly used to ascertain the stability in the finance of an individual and entity by any government and the corresponding commercial office.


 

Comparison Table

Parameter of ComparisonBank GuaranteeSolvency Certificate
FunctionsBank guarantee mainly gives a guarantee to real estate contractor and infrastructure international projects and reduces credit risks on a transactionSolvency certificate is issued to an individual or entity as required by the government and commercial office too sure about financial stability.
SuretyBank guarantee asks for surety of assets or belongings to lend guarantee after a certain amountSolvency certificates ask proof of supportive documents which indicates individual or entity financial status
GuaranteeBank guarantee gives the guarantee of the amount in case debtors fail to pay the debtSolvency certificate is a document, the bank will not hold any responsibilities to pay liabilities in future
RiskBank guarantee has high risks involvedSolvency certificate is a document where the risk level is low
costBank guarantee charges 0.5% to 1.5% of the guarantee amountFor Solvency certificate the fees will differ from bank to bank,

 

What is Bank Guarantee?

Bank guarantee is a guarantee given by the lending institution or financial institution if the borrower fails to pay the debt, the bank shall take the ownership of completing the payment. It is certainly not a debt instrument or loan company.

It is giving assurance about the payment to the other party on behalf of the debtor to reduce the credit risk in an international trade transaction. Letter of credit and bank guarantee are similar, where the letter of credit focuses more on international trade while the Bank guarantee focuses on real estate contractor and infrastructure projects which requires international trade transaction.

Bank guarantee protects both parties from credit risk if the transaction does not go as planned by an agreement. Bank guarantee is normally used by the contractor to bid for big projects as a guarantee, contractors provide the proof of financial credibility.

As a need of an entity or contractor the bank guarantee differs, they are:

  1. Shipping guarantees
  2. Loan guarantees
  3. Advanced payment guarantees:
  4. Confirmed payment guarantees:
  5. Foreign bank guarantee
  6. Financial guarantee

It’s a  promise made by the lending institution that the loss made by the borrower will be paid.

When financial institution feels if the risk level is increasing it will ask the borrower for collateral of guarantee amount, it can be assets, shares, mutual funds, stocks or cash. Bank guarantee encourages the individual or entity on the business front.

bank guarantee
 

What is Solvency Certificate?

Solvency certificate is a document which provides clear information on the financial stability of an individual or an entity. This document is required to make sure about the financial position of an individual or the entity by the government or commercial office.

The certificate is needed for the following reasons. They are:

  1. Applying and procuring tenders
  2. Obtaining government and private contracts
  3. Visa applications and interviews
  4. Legal & court matters

The solvency certificate proves an individual’s or an entity’s financial strength. Normally solvency certificate will be issued by the revenue department and the bank after producing a certain set of documents which proves the financial position about an individual or entity.

Bank provides the certificate to their customers based on the transactions, saving account, property papers which are available with him. Most of the time individual or entity asks for the solvency certificate to avail the tender or a contract of the government office.

After analyzing the supporting documents, it will issue the certificate and it will not hold responsibility for any kind of liabilities. The bank manager has a restriction to issue a certain number of certificates, if it exceeds, he or she has informed the higher authority.

The required supportive documents to issue solvency certificate by the Bank are mentioned below

  1. Application form
  2. Identity/address proof
  3. Bank statement (savings/current)
  4. Income tax returns
  5. Audited financial statements (companies/partnership firms)
  6. Property documents and Gold valuation certificate
  7. Certificate of Net Worth by a Chartered Accountant
  8. Any other investment certificates
solvency certificate

Main Differences Between Bank Guarantee and Solvency Certificate

  1. The main difference between Bank Guarantee and Solvency Certificate is, The Bank guarantee is a promise or guarantee or support given by a bank to its customer. This is offered, if the debtors fail to pay the debts, the Bank shall make the payment, while Solvency certificate guarantees a person or a business’ financial strength to acquire a tender or a contract.
  2. Bank guarantee mainly gives a guarantee to real estate contractors and also for international projects that reduce credit risks on the transaction. Whereas Solvency certificate is issued to an individual or entity as it is required by the government and commercial office to understand the financial strength.
  3. Surety of assets is to be declared by the party to get the bank guarantee if the amount exceeds the banking policy. Whereas Solvency certificate requires documents to prove financial strength.
  4. In the case of the bank guarantee, the bank shall take the responsibility to pay the debt whereas the solvency certificate does not allow any liabilities to be undertaken by the bank.
  5. The charges for getting the bank guarantee and the solvency certificate also differ, the former is charged anywhere between 0.5% to 1.5% of the total guaranteed amount while the latter has different charges in different banks.

References

  1. https://heinonline.org/hol-cgi-bin/get_pdf.cgi?handle=hein.journals/ibl6&section=171
  2. https://www.actuaries.org.uk/documents/some-thoughts-solvency-life-assurance-companies
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