Difference Between Blackberry and Black Raspberry

Berries are generally oval, juicy, and fresh fruit that can be found in different shapes, sizes, colors, and tastes, etc. The plants having berries are often said as ‘baccate’ or ‘bacciferous’. Some of the examples of berries are – blueberry, mulberry, blackberry, grapes, currants, and many others. Among these classifications of berries, many fruits are not able to fulfill all the scientific criteria but do lie in broader terms.

Blackberry vs Black Raspberry

The main difference between Blackberry and Black Raspberry is that despite having the same color in appearance they can be distinguished by noticing the central part of the fruit that is the place where the stem is attached. In the case of blackberries, a white part can be seen while comparatively, on the other hand, in the case of black raspberries a hollow center can be observed.

Blackberry vs Black Raspberry

Blackberries are grown on plants acquiring a height of about 3 m to 6 m in length. The leaves of the plant are palmately compound and don’t bear any flowers on them in the early years. The blackberries can be grown in poor soil and wetlands. The bunch of leaves found on the stem is in five or seven numbers while the flower has 5 petals in number.

Black Raspberry belongs to the genus of ‘Rubus’. Majorly the origin of the fruit is considered to be North America. The height of the shrub grows to approximately about 2 m to 3 m. The leaves of the shrub are arranged in a pinnate structure. These are mainly found near the area of meadows, railways, trails, etc.     

Comparison Table Between Blackberry and Black Raspberry

Parameters of ComparisonBlackberryBlack Raspberry
Scientific Name Rubus armeniacusRubus occidentalis
CenterWhite color partHollow
Size LargeSmall with slight hairs
AppearanceShinyDull
TasteSourLess sour
Best ForMaking jamsMaking dessert

What is Blackberry?

Blackberry is not a true berry but is an aggregate fruit that contains multiple ovaries of the same flower. The scientific name for the fruit termed by IUCN is Rubus armeniacus. The fruit is majorly native from North America also the limitless growth of these shrubs in some parts of the countries classified the fruit as the weed. 

The shrub grows approximately 3m to 6m in length and comprises leaves in palmately compound raceme and even in the early years of the growth, the plant does not bear flowers. But in later stage white or pale pink color petal flowers may be observed on the plant. 

The appearance of the fruit is very shiny and at the point of stem attachment, the fruit contains a white part that helps them distinguish from others. The blackberries are high in nutrient levels and do contain many vitamins, dietary fibers, antioxidants, etc. Besides this, the flavor and taste of the berries are very sour which makes them best for preparing fresh fruit jams.   

What is Black Raspberry?

Black raspberry is also not a true berry but is an example of aggregate fruit. The scientific name of the fruit coined by the IUCN department is Rubus occidentalis. The origin place of the fruit is the same as the blackberry that is in North America. The shrubs of black raspberry are most likely to be found near the trails, meadows, railways, etc. 

The shrub of the fruit is approximately 2m to 3m in height. Also, the leaves raceme is found to pinnate and the number of the leaves are five with numerous flowers. The fruit contains a high amount of nutrients like – antioxidants, ellagic acid, vitamins, anthocyanins, etc. 

The appearance of the fruit may be dull in comparison to blackberries and also the central part of the fruit is hollow. The taste and flavor of the fruit are much sweeter which is why it is considered best for making desserts. 

Main Differences Between Blackberry and Black Raspberry

  1. The scientific name of Blackberry is Rubus armeniacus while comparatively, on the other hand, the scientific name of Black Raspberry is Rubus occidentalis.
  2. The central part of the blackberry fruit must have a white color part while comparatively, on the other hand, the central part of the black raspberry fruit is hollow. 
  3. The size of the blackberry fruit observed is larger and the cells present also appeared just like it while comparatively, on the other hand, the size of the black raspberry fruit observed is small and along with its small hairs can also be observed.
  4. The appearance of the blackberry seems to be shiny while comparatively, on the other hand, the appearance of the black raspberry seems to be dull in front of the blackberry.
  5. The taste of the blackberry is very sour or acidic while comparatively, the taste of the black raspberry is sweeter and less acidic.
  6. Blackberries are best for making fresh jams while comparatively, on the other hand, the black raspberries being sweeter are best for cooking desserts.

Conclusion

To summarize the given topic this can be concluded that the above two berries do belong to the same group of genus in the plant kingdom. Although in a broader term they are distinguished under the category of berries but despite this they failed to fulfill the scientific conditions and are thus grouped under aggregate fruits. These fruits are not berries but appears to be the same.

Both the fruits generally appears exactly same and for a person it may be very difficult to distinguish between them in one go. The similar appearance of the fruit in black color tends to have very juicy, fleshy, with no seeds, and many cells across it.

The native area where originally black raspberries were found is North America and the shrub of these berries can be located near the area of meadows, railways, trails, etc. While the blackberries are found near high regions.

The uses of these berries can be listed for different purposes based on their taste and flavor and blackberries are sour, which is why they are best for preparing jams, wine, liquor, etc. Although black raspberries are sweet which is why they are best for preparing desserts. 

References

  1. https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf061750g
  2. https://journals.ashs.org/hortsci/view/journals/hortsci/38/2/article-p269.xml
  3. https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf205325p
  4. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/tpj.13215
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