Difference Between Blood Clot and Aneurysm (With Table)

Aneurysms, as well as blood clots, are indeed life-threatening medical diseases that need rapid medical attention. An aneurysm is just an excessively large protrusion caused by the deterioration of the arterial walls, while a blood clot is a cluster of blood generated by a coagulation cascade.

This article compares and contrasts the activities, causes, and side effects of a blood clot and aneurysm for a better knowledge of the functions, causes, and adverse effects of both disorders.

Blood Clot vs Aneurysm

The difference between a blood clot and an aneurysm is in their location; a blood clot forms in the blood, and even an aneurysm forms in the aortic aneurysm, the main artery leading from the ventricle of the human heart. The cerebral aneurysm is a kind of aneurysm that arises in the brain.

When a blood artery is damaged, deep vein thrombosis forms, which is a meshwork of sticky lymphocytes. Clotting is a biological process that occurs as a natural reaction to a clogged or damaged blood vessel. A blood clot‘s principal job is to bind and restrict leaking in a broken blood artery. This prevents blood loss and saves the victim from further bleeding.

An aneurysm is a protrusion in an artery that can also be referred to as weaker sections of such arteries. Whenever a patient is in a critical state and even at the risk of bleeding profusely, they can inflate or burst at any time. It’s a symptom of a disease. Aneurysms can occur in any bleeding artery, but they’re most common in the stomach or chest parts of the aorta — the large bloodstream that takes blood out through our heart — or in the capillaries that provide blood to the head.

Comparison Table Between Blood Clot and Aneurysm

Parameters of ComparisonBlood ClotAneurysm
DefinitionClotting is a biological process that occurs as a natural reaction to a clogged or damaged blood vessel. A bulging or inflating in a blood artery  is known as aneurysm and it commonly occurs in the human brain.
ComponentsA blood clot consists of clotting proteins like heparins and anticoagulants along with platelets.A blood aneurysm includes the three layers of an artery i.e; intima, media and adventitia
SpeedIt is a fast process.It is a slow and gradual process.
PhenomenonNaturally occurring and does not require medical attention.It occurs due to external strain or pathological factors.
Type of ConditionClotting is a physiological process.Aneurysm is a pathological response.

What is Blood Clot?

A blood clot is a coagulated semi-solid fluid consisting of anticoagulants, heparin, and platelets to stop the blood flow immediately. Clotting is an essential procedure that helps you avoid losing too much blood in certain situations, such as when you’ve been cut or wounded. When a clot develops in one of your veins, it may not disintegrate completely on its own. This may be an extremely serious scenario, possibly life-threatening.

Although a stationary blood clot is unlikely to harm you, it does have the potential to migrate and become deadly. A thrombus can become caught and block blood flow if something gets loose and goes through your veins to both lungs and heart. This is a life-threatening situation.

The vessels of your systemic circulation, known as the cardiovascular system, move blood to the body. Thrombosis can occur in either the veins or the arteries.

An arterial clot develops whenever a blood clot forms in arteries. This sort of clot creates symptoms right away and needs quick medical attention. Severe pain, paralysis of body segments, or both are indications of an artery clot. It has the potential to cause a heart problem.

A vascular clot is a formation of a blood clot in a capillary. These sorts of clots might form more gradually over time, but they could still be deadly. Venous thrombosis is perhaps the most dangerous kind of blood clot.

What is Aneurysm?

A bulging or inflating in a blood artery in the brain is known as an aneurysm and it is most commonly found in the brain so it’s often called a brain aneurysm. It resembles a fruit on a stalk in appearance.

An aneurysm can burst or leak, resulting in brain hemorrhage (hemorrhagic stroke). The most common location for a burst brain aneurysm is the area between the brain as well as the thin tissues that surround it. A subarachnoid and skull aneurysm is a form of a brain bleed. A burst aneurysm can soon turn into life-threatening, necessitating immediate medical attention.

In certain circumstances, therapy for an undescended brain aneurysm is warranted and may avoid a collapse in the future. Consult your caretaker to make sure you’re aware of the finest solutions for your individual needs.

Aneurysms in the brain have a favorable prognosis as long as they don’t leak or rupture open. The fatality rate for some of the operations is as high as 3%. If a massive stroke leak, the outlook is poor, and the death rate rises unless immediate neurosurgery or neural circuit-focused therapy is performed and effective.

Main Differences Between Blood Clot and Aneurysm

  1. Blood clotting is a naturally occurring involved process whereas an aneurysm is an uninvolved process.
  2. Blood clotting is a physiological procedure undertaken naturally by the human body whereas an aneurysm is a pathological process.
  3. Blood clotting is the collection of clot proteins and platelets whereas an aneurysm is the weakening of vessel walls.
  4. A blood clot takes place inside a vessel whereas an aneurysm can take place inside a blood vessel as well as on the wall of the heart.
  5. Blood clotting is a quick process whereas an aneurysm is a very slow process and it occurs gradually.

Conclusion

A blood clot is a collection of clustered coagulation factors or other small cells in the body that clogs a blood vessel or vein. Blood clots can form in just about any blood artery, however, they are most commonly found in the legs. Aneurysm, on the other hand, is a persistent, localized, and unnatural dilation of a major artery or the heart wall caused by the thinning or disintegration of the vessel wall.

If these blood-related issues arise as a result of external factors, they are quite serious. Clotting is a normal process that protects the body from excessive blood loss, but aneurysms require rapid medical treatment to be treated.

References

  1. https://www.healthline.com/health/how-to-tell-if-you-have-a-blood-clot#types
  2. https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/conditionsandtreatments/aneurysm
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