Difference Between Cancer and Fibroadenoma

A disease is an abnormal condition within a body that affects the normal functionality of organisms. Diseases can be infectious and non-infectious.

Every disease is associated with some symptoms and treatment in the medical field. Cancer and fibroadenoma are two different types of diseases that occur in the body, especially in the breast. 

Cancer vs Fibroadenoma

The main difference between cancer and fibroadenoma is that cancer is an infectious disease that spreads in other parts of the body via blood or lymph, whereas fibroadenoma is a non-infectious or benign disease that occurs in the breast forming lumps. Cancer is a painful disease, and fibroadenoma is a painless disease that gets cured by itself.

Cancer and Fibroadenoma

Cancer is an infectious disease that occurs to anyone. The symptoms are rarely identifiable as every patient experiences different symptoms.

Cancer treatment has side effects that make patients depressed. Breast cancer is most common in women where lumps form and spread all over through blood. Most of the time, the treatment may have negative results leading to the death of the patient.

Fibroadenoma is a disease that occurs in the breast, mostly in married women. Lumps are formed in the breast that has a smooth and painless movement.

Fibroadenoma does not spread to other parts. It has no treatment but gets cured by itself after some years. Diagnosis helps to analyze the condition.

Comparison Table Between Cancer and Fibroadenoma

Parameters of Comparison Cancer   Fibroadenoma
DefinitionIt is a malignant disease that occurs in any part of the body and at any age.It is a benign disease that occurs in the breast, mostly in married women.
SymptomsIn case of breast cancer, Pain, swelling,  irritation, swelling, nipple discharge, and others.There will be no pain, but the lumps move smoothly beneath the skin.
TreatmentChemotherapy, radiation, surgery, and targeted part treatment.It does not require any treatment as it disappears on its own after some time.
CausesInheritance, lifestyle, genetic changes are some of the reasons for the cause.It causes during puberty, breastfeeding, and hormonal changes.
SpreadsIt spreads to other organs via bloodIt does not spread.

What is Cancer?

Cancer is an infectious or malignant tumour that causes the abnormal growth of cells in the body. It spreads to other parts of the body resulting, in death.

Various types of cancer occur, such as lungs, breast, stomach, and others. These cancer cells spread and grow to form tumours in organs.  It spreads to distant organs via blood or lymph. 

Breast cancer is more found in women than men.  In breast cancer, lumps form in the breast that spread to other tissues of the body.The reasons for causing cancer are lifestyle, quality of food, inheritance from parents, and change in genes.

The breast has three main parts, like lobules, duct, and nipple.  Cancer may occur in any of the above parts of the breast.

Lobules cancer, ductal cancer, phyllodes tumour, angiosarcoma, and Paget disease of cancer are some of the cancer types. Every case has different symptoms and treatments.

Some cancer tumours grow rapidly, and some are not identified for years.  

Cancer is diagnosed, and treatment is processed depending on the stage. Some of the treatments include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, hormone ablation therapy, and targeted therapy. 

The patient requires a lot of strength and immunity to handle the pain during and after the treatment.

What is Fibroadenoma?

Fibroadenoma is a breast disease commonly found in married women. It is not cancer and does not spread the infection to other parts of the body.

Lumps are formed in the breast, but the symptoms are rarely identified as the tumour increases slowly without any pain in the breast.  The size of the tumour is from one to fifteen centimetres. 

The disease occurs mostly at the time of puberty due to hormonal changes. It happens because of the overgrowth of glandular tissue in the breast. It is diagnosed using ultrasonography to detect lumps.

Some women have in one breast either left or right and some in both. The size of the breast does not change because of this disease.  

Normally, the breast contains 15 to 20 lobes in which smaller lobes are termed as lobules. Lobules contain somatic cell clusters. Fibroadenoma is a case where there is an increase in the lobules than normal.

Intracanalicular and pericanalicular are two types of fibroadenoma. 

In the intracanalicular fibroadenoma, the fibrosis and stroma are lesser than normal in a duct and pericanalicular fibroadenoma, the fibrosis and stroma are more than normal in a duct.

As there is a free movement of lumps in the breast, the fibroadenoma is also referred to as breast mouse.

Main Differences Between Cancer and Fibroadenoma

  1. Cancer is an infectious disease that spreads to other parts of the body, but fibroadenoma is a non-infectious disease and does not spread.
  2. Cancer risks the life of the patient, but fibroadenoma does not.
  3. Cancer is a painful disease, but fibroadenoma is not.
  4. Cancer occurs to anyone and at any age, but fibroadenoma occurs mostly in married women during pregnancy.
  5. Cancer has treatments like surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation, but fibroadenoma does not.
Difference Between Cancer and Fibroadenoma

Conclusion

Diseases are common these days, as the human body is exposed to different environments, pollution, weather, and food that cause a hormonal imbalance. Cancer and fibroadenoma diseases are caused due to change in hormones and genes. 

Cancer is a dangerous disease that spreads into other parts also, but fibroadenoma does not spread and is not dangerous. In both breast cancer and fibroadenoma, lumps are formed in the breast.

The difference is the size of lumps is small in the case of fibroadenoma and large in the case of breast cancer. In some cases, fibroadenoma also leads to breast cancer when the size of the lump grows rapidly.

However, proper medication and diet help to protect ourselves from dreadful diseases.

References

  1. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/331954468_The_Recent_Research_and_Care_of_Benign_Breast_Fibroadenoma_Review_Article
  2. https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=https://www.elsevier.com/%3Fa%3D230374&ved=2ahUKEwiCro-3wIj1AhUGS2wGHRwsCyU4ChAWegQIIRAB&usg=AOvVaw2srxXqbx2GANdXw2prNcEj
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