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Difference Between Catholic and Christian (With Table)

Christianity is one of the most widely practiced religions on the planet. It was founded in the early century and is currently divided into various groups. As a result, Catholicism is the most popular form of Christianity. While both are founded on Jesus Christ’s life & teachings, some differences have led to the fragmentation of many Christian sects.

Catholic vs Christian

The main difference between Catholic and Christian is that Catholics are originated from Christians as they are the major denominations of Christianity. Catholics believe Mary was sinless, whereas Christians believe Mary, like us, had sin. Catholicism law is founded on canon law, diocese law, and papal decree, but Christian law differs depending on the denominations.

The major Christian denomination is Catholicism. A catholic is a Christian who practices the catholic religion, which has been passed down via the Pope’s succession. The Catholic Church, which has its origins in the Roman province of Judea, is led by the Pope. Deacons, monks, nuns, priests, and bishops make up the Holy Order’s hierarchical clergy.

Christianity is the world’s most popular religion. It refers to a group of Christians who adhere to the teachings of Jesus Christ. Catholic, protestant, Anglican, Orthodox, and Mormon churches are just a few examples of Christian churches. The adherents believe in a single God who is both father and son, as well as the Holy Spirit. Priests, bishops, ministers, monks, and nuns make up the hierarchical clergy.

Comparison Table Between Catholic and Christian

Parameters of ComparisonCatholicChristian
Inter-connectionCatholics emerge from ChristianityIt did not emerge from any religion.
MaryBelieved that she was sinless.Believed that she was a sinful woman.
HierarchicalBelieve in the Pope’s authority as the ultimate authority figure.Any new testament-based church can be followed.
LeaderThe Pope is the Vatican’s highest-ranking official.The church council elects the leaders.
SalvationBaptism is how you get there.Achieved by trusting and believing in Christ.

What is Catholic?

Catholicism is the major Christian denomination, with approximately 1.2 billion adherents spread across parts of Africa, Europe, and Latin America. Pre-denominational is viewed as itself to be by Holy Catholic Church, an independent church that is hierarchically organized throughout the world. The Pope — the Bishop of Rome – is the leader of the Catholic Church, and he is the ultimate authority in all questions of administration and morals. Catholic theory states that the first bishops were chosen by Jesus Christ, later on, chose their successors on an “Apostolic Succession” basis.

The so-called “East-West schism,” or “Great Schism,” the Catholic Church was established in 1054. However, the internal political have already been endured by the Christian Church, theological, and cultural divisions before the recognized separation between Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy. The primary distinction between Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy is that Pope’s authority doesn’t get acknowledged in the Eastern churches.

Pope is the heir and infallible successor of Saint Peter. Preist listens to the sins of Catholics, who later instructs them to undertake charity acts to atone for their transgressions. Greek and Latin were the first languages of Catholicism. Catholics believe that Mary and the Saints can function as a mediator between God and men.

What is Christian?

The world’s largest monotheistic religion is Christianity. It is founded on Jesus Christ’s life and teachings, and it is practiced by approximately 2.5 billion people in over 160 nations. The central Christian belief is that Jesus Christ, the Son of God, came to earth as a man to save humanity, just as the Old Testament predicted. Jesus came to earth, suffered, was crucified, died, and was resurrected to give people eternal life, according to Christian doctrine. The concept of “trinity” is one of the Christian faith’s cornerstones. Christianity, being a religion, having faith that the one and only God is made up of three separate but co-existing entities.

The Christian church is divided into several denominations due to differing perspectives and beliefs, including Eastern Orthodoxy, Catholicism, Protestantism, Oriental Orthodoxy, Anglicanism, Evangelicalism, Pentecostalism, and Methodism. Jesus Christ’s teachings are the base of all the denominations and are monotheistic religions still, significant variances could be seen between them. Furthermore, both the Orthodox Church and Catholic Church regard themselves as separate churches, pre-denominational.

The Pope’s authority is fully rejected by Protestants, while the Orthodox regard him as the foremost among equals. They both reject his infallibility and supremacy. Other denominations trust that priests serve as intercessors between God and humans.

Main Differences Between Catholic and Christian

  1. In the Catholic Church’s Pope is the spiritual leader and moral. Pope is the infallible heir of Saint Peter, although protestants fully deny the Pope’s authority, while the Christians reject his supremacy and infallibility.
  2. The Diocesan law, Canon law, and Papal authority govern the Catholic world, but the Christian world’s laws differ depending on the denomination.
  3. Greek and Latin were the first languages of Catholicism, many parts are still said in Latin of the Mass whereas Christianity’s first languages were Aramaic, Hebrew, and Greek.
  4. While Catholicism has its roots in the Roman province of Judea and is tied to the Apostles, particularly St. Peter, Christianity has its roots in the Judea of Rome, which now comprises Palestine,  Lebanon, and Israel.
  5. Catholic confess their faults and sins directly to God, whereas the Christian religion believe that priest function as intercessor in-between so their confessions of sin are done in front of the priest.

Conclusion

One of the largest monotheistic religions is Christianity which is based on Jesus Christ’s life and holds that humanity requires salvation as it holds the original sins of Adam. The incarnation, death are the means of salvation, the resurrection of Jesus (the Son of God), and all Christians revere the trinity of the Saints, Jesus’ Virgin Mother, and as well as Mary. Despite having over 2 billion adherents worldwide, Christianity is divided into various denominations, the most prominent of which are Protestantism, Orthodoxy, and Catholicism.

The role and power of the Pope are the primary differences between Catholicism and all other Christian churches. In addition, Protestantism, Orthodoxy, and Catholicism hold diverse views on women’s priesthood, priestly celibacy, and using sacred images.

References

  1. https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/mono/10.4324/9781315240497/counter-reformation-wright
  2. https://www.jstor.org/stable/25017788
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