Churches are divided into two different types; the Catholic church and the orthodox church. Their faith is based on the god-spell of Jesus- the Holy Bible.
They believe in the Trinity. Their motto is to convert people from other religions; the Christian denomination.
Catholic vs Orthodox
The difference between the Catholic church and the Orthodox church is that the former believe that the Holy Spirit proceeds from the father to the son; while the latter believes that it proceeds only from the father.
The Catholic church is one of the oldest institutes; still functioning. It gives the Pope (Bishop of Rome) the supreme authority – Vicar of Christ.
Here the doctrines are more prone to changes over the years. The Pope of the Catholic church is endowed with Petrine ministries.
On the contrary, the Orthodox church’s Pope is not considered as infallible. Hence is not given the supreme authority. Here children are involved early in the congregation. This church has no central governmental or doctrinal authority.
|Parameters Of Comparison||Catholic Church||Orthodox Church|
|Origin||First-century; Holy land, the Roman empire||First-century; Judea, Roman empire|
|Founder||Jesus according to Sacred traditions||Jesus Christ according to the Holy traditions|
|Theology||Catholic theology||Eastern orthodox theology|
|Region||Worldwide||Southeast Europe, Eastern Europe, and communities in the Mediterranean and the Middle East, etc.|
|Language||Here the languages spoken are Ecclesiastical Latin and native languages.||While the languages spoken here are Koine Greek, Church Slavonic, vernacular.|
What is Catholic?
The Roman Catholic Church is generally known as the Catholic church; is the enormous Christian church. Their central authority is based in the Holy See located in the Vatican city.
The Roman Church is used to describe the Pope diocese of Rome. The development and history of Western civilization are greatly influenced by this church.
And also the Catholic priests are not allowed to marry.
The main goal of Catholics in terms of salvation is to escape hell and achieve theosis as well. The Catholic Church consists of seven sacraments:
- Holy orders
- Anointing of the sick
- Holy matrimony
Catholics believe that there is one eternal God- the Holy Trinity.
Catholic men are restrained for Holy orders, while the Catholic women and the nuns engage themselves in developing and running health and education services internationally.
The event of confessing to their sins is strictly followed by the Catholics.
What is Orthodox?
The orthodox church is also known as the Eastern Orthodox church. It is the second-largest Christian church. It is also one of the oldest religious institutes in the world.
It has influenced the culture of eastern and south-eastern Europe and history too. These churches are governed by Bishops in local synod and are operated as the communion of the autocephalous.
The Pope is not considered infallible by the orthodox church. Orthodox priests are allowed to marry, contrary to the Catholic priests. The honor of primacy is given to the patriarch of Constantinople. Yet being considered and given highest status amongst all; he does not have authority over churches.
The Eastern Orthodox Church considers Jesus Christ as the head while the Church is considered to be a body.
It is believed by the Orthodox Christians that the grace of God and authority are foreowned by the Bishops and clergy. It is handed down by laying on hand; a practice initiated by the apostles.
They differentiate between God’s eternal essence and his indigenous energies as a relationship of God and his creations.
This is the way in which he (the God) reaches humanity. The Julian calendar is followed by the autocephalous churches and the rest follow the revised Julian calendar.
They do not believe in purgatory. There is no compulsion for confession of their sins.
Main Differences Between Catholic and Orthodox
- The liturgy of catholic churches includes Western rites and Eastern rites, while that of the Orthodox Church includes Byzantine rites.
- Both churches have seven sacraments; the catholic church’s sacrament includes penance while that of orthodox includes repentance.
- The services of Catholic churches are/were conducted in the Latin language. On the contrary, services for Orthodox churches are/were conducted in Greek or local languages.
- The Orthodox church or the eastern catholic church rejected the use of any icons; instead, statues of saints were created while the Roman catholic permitted the same.
- The Catholic church does not permit divorce while the other does.
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