Difference Between Catholic and Protestant (With Table)

Diversity is one of the many beautiful features of our planet. Be it nature or religion. There are branches or sects to religions. A Christian can be a Catholic, protestant, Gnostic, Angelical, or orthodox. Catholic and protestant Christians are a result of reformation that took place many years ago. These two sections of Christianity have a slightly different approach and ideology. It is always good to be informed about their differences and reasons.

Catholic vs Protestant

The difference between catholic and Protestants is that Catholics believe that the pope is the highest authority after Jesus, who can connect them to the divine power. Whereas Protestants do not believe in papal authority, they only consider Jesus and his divine teachings in the bible to be true.

A catholic is a Christian who is generally associated with the Roman Catholic Church. They believe in the power of popes, the successors of Apostle Peter (first head appointed by Jesus). Catholics believe in hierarchy or ranking based on authority. They are the ones who use statues and pictures as a form of inspiration. The word catholic generally means ‘universal’.

A protestant is a Christian who is known for their protest during the reformation. They do not believe in the supremacy or authority of popes. They opposed the church pointing out few errors in it. They do not generally use pictures as a form of inspiration. The word protestant generally means ‘protest’.

Comparison Table Between Catholic and Protestant

Parameters of ComparisonCatholic Protestants
Literal Meaningcomes from a Greek adjective ‘Katholikos’ meaning ‘universal.Protestant simply means to ‘protest’
OriginBelieved to be formed by Jesus and his teachings and continued since then.it originated as a product of the Reformation in the 16th century. The movement was led by Martin Luther.
Views on the churchthey worship and believe in their Roman Catholic church as the only main (highest) church worldwide under the leadership of the Pope. According to the Gospel, Protestants do not stand in the favor of one united church; they consider all their churches equal.
Papal Authority Catholics believe and worship the pope as the highest authority appointed by Jesus after him.Protestants do not believe in the Papal authority, they consider Jesus and his teachings as most important. they say that each individual can interpret the bible in their ways.
Sacramentsthey follow seven solemn rites – Baptism, Confirmation, the Eucharist, Matrimony, Penance, Holy Orders, and Anointing of the sick.Protestants follow only two sacraments – Baptism and The Eucharist( Lord supper).
Views on MaryCatholics worship Mary not only because she is the mother of Christ, but they also consider her as the queen of heaven.Protestants only worship her as the divine mother of Jesus and nothing more. They believe that even she needs salvation like everyone else.

Who is a Catholic?

Catholics are one of the types/sects of Christians. The word catholic simply means ‘universal’ which is derived from a Greek adjective ‘Katholikos’. It is said that the church Father Saint Ignatius of Antioch first used the word ‘catholic’ in his letter to the Smyrnaeans.

Catholics worship and have full faith in the Roman Catholic Church. This church traces its history to Jesus Christ. It is believed that Jesus and his life teachings began the religion of Catholics. Roman Catholicism originated with the onset of Christianity

They trust and believe in the authority of popes after Jesus. Catholics have seven sacraments – Baptism, Confirmation, the Eucharist, matrimony, penance, holy order, and anointing of the sick.

The Eucharist- Catholics believe that the wine and bread they have during the mass is actually the body and blood of Christ and non-Catholics cannot participate in the communion. According to the doctrine of assumption, Roman Catholics not only consider Mary as the mother of Jesus but also worship her as the queen of heaven. They also believe in the veneration of saints and the Virgin Mary i.e., they pray through them.

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The Catholic Study Bible
The Catholic Study Bible
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Best Price
The Revised Standard Version Catholic Bible
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The Catholic Youth Bible, 4th Edition, NABRE: New American Bible Revised Edition
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Who is a Protestant?

Protestants are a part of a form/branch of Christianity. Protestant simply means to ‘protest’. They originated in 16th century Germany with the reformation moment. This movement took place where martin Luther published ninety-five theses against abuses in the sale of indulgence in the Catholic Church. The followers then started witnessing a few errors in the Catholic Church and decided to protest.

Protestants deny and also do not believe in the papal authority, for them Jesus is the one and only. According to the gospel, they do not stand for one united church instead considers older churches equal.

Protestants only follow two sacraments- Baptism and the Eucharist (the lord supper). They believe that the bread and wine they consume during the mass is nothing but a symbol of Jesus. Any baptized person can take part in the lord supper.

Protestants only worship Mary as the mother of Jesus Christ; they think she needs salvation like everyone. They also do not believe in the concept of saints, they worship solely and directly to Jesus and not through anyone.

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Main Differences Between Catholic and Protestant

Catholics and Protestants both are Christian’s just two different sects or branches. Both of them have their own beliefs, ideologies, and differences.

  1. Catholicism was started by Jesus Christ and has been continued with a few differences since then whereas protestant as a branch started in the 16th century after the reformation movement.
  2. Catholics believe in the authority of the popes and are the highest authority after Jesus whereas Protestants do not believe in the papal authority, for them Jesus is their one and only.
  3. Catholics have and follow seven sacraments whereas Protestants follow only two sacraments.
  4. Catholics worship Mary as the divine mother of Christ as well as the ‘queen of heaven’, whereas Protestants worship Mary as only the mother of Christ.
  5. Catholics believe that the wine and bread they consume during the mass is actually Christ whereas Protestants think that the bread and wine are only a symbol of Christ.

Conclusion

History and religion go hand in hand as it has been a very important factor for ages. The fact that they both are Christians but yet so different is so intriguing. This shows us that our world is filled with such history and diversity. Everything and everyone has their unique way of living and functioning.

The differences has no end, even after so many years it still continues to dissect and change. everyone has to accept the fact that changes are and will be a part of our living. New concepts and values will arise and the world will keep evolving.

Reference

https://academic.oup.com/ej/article-abstract/120/547/890/5089702

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Last update on 2021-04-29 / Amazon Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API