Difference Between Champagne and Sparkling Wine (With Table)

When it comes to celebrating, our go-to beverage is either champagne or sparkling wine or anything that could add more spice to the celebration. Moreover, in order to quench the thirst, various alcoholic and non-alcoholic drinks have been introduced. Having that said, France is very much known for its production of sparkling wine, or commonly known as Champagne. 

Champagne vs Sparkling Wine

The difference between champagne and sparkling wine is that all Champagne types come under the category of sparkling wine. Whereas all types of sparkling wines such as Prosecco, cava are not part of champagne at all. Besides, sparkling wine is differentiated from Champagne for effervescing bubbles in it. 

Champagne is a type of sparkling wine, which was produced following the rules of the appellation in one of the wine regions of France, Champagne. The process of crafting champagne is ensuing the specified vineyard practices, sourcing of grapes from designated places within it, accompanied by specific grape pressing methods, and secondary fermentation of the wine, to generate carbonation. 

On the other hand, sparkling water is a category of wine with significant levels of CO2 in it, making it frizzy and tempting to drink. Champagne is a type of sparkling wine. However, many European countries refer to sparkling wine as champagne only if it originated from France. Usually, sparkling wine is classified as either white or rose. 

Comparison Table Between Champagne and Sparkling Wine

Parameters of Comparison ChampagneSparkling Wine
Meaning The first sparkling wine is Champagne, which is cultivated in the Champagne wine France region, following a set of rules of the appellation- whereas certain grapes and production are allowed in the vineyard. Champagne is an ilk of sparkling wine.Sparkling wine is not a Champagne, where the component CO2 will brew to a fizzy drink. Moreover, sparkling wine releases bubbles because of carbonate. 
Etymology Champagne is renowned for vineyard names in the France region- Champagne. The drink was introduced by Romans in the 5th Century as a  noble drink to jubilant the victory. Sparkling wine came around 4000 BC in Rome and Greece and later got proper recognition in the 18th century as a sweet drink.
IngredientsThese picked grapes such as Pinot Noir, Pinot Meunier, Petit Meslier, Chardonnay, Pinot Blanc, Arbane, and Pinot Gris which were harvested between August and October. Sparkling wine contains grapes- Californian varietal, Chardonnay and pinot noir. Sugar is also added which plays a vital part in preparing sparkling wine.
PreparationThose picked grapes from the yard of the France region are collected and blended well to get the juicy extraction. In the second fermentation, Champagne gets sparkling effects where CO2 converts into carbonate the sparkling wine form and left for 15 months into a bottle to get a Champagne bottle.All the ingredients are blended and extracted well, whereas sugars release CO2 that ultimately engender bubbles into the drink.
StorageChampagne can be stored for three to six years either in a warehouse or refrigerator. Sparkling wine is stored for four to five months at room temperature. 

What is Champagne?

Champagne is a type of sparkling wine, which was produced following the rules of the appellation is one of the wine regions of France, Champagne. In fact, Champagne is named after a place with the same name, which is a historic province in the northeast of France, where the main grapes for the preparation of wine are cultivated. 

Moreover, the Romans were the first to plant vineyards for champagne in France around the 5th century. Having that said, Champagne is implied as a royalty and nobility wine, with the perfect blend of fruitiness, consistency, aroma, delicacy, freshness, and complexity of the vineyard grapes. 

A bottle of great champagne is made up of handpicking the grapes, which were harvested between August and October in Champagne, France. These picked grapes (Pinot Noir, Pinot Meunier, Chardonnay, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Petit Meslier, and Arbane) are well pressed to extract the juices. Champagne usually gets its sparkling effects after the second fermentation. Prior to that, yeast and sugars are added to the bottle of champagne. Over time, CO2 takes up the process to carbonate the liquid into a bottle of sparkling wine. This process takes at least 15 months to give the perfect bottle of champagne. 

What is Sparkling Wine?

Sparkling water is a separate class of wine, with significant levels of CO2 in it, to make it a fizzy drink. However, many European countries regard sparkling wine as champagne, unless and until if it originated from France. Furthermore, sparkling wine is classified into white or rose flavours depending on the origins. 

Around 4000 BC in Rome and Greece, people were dubious about the effervescence effect in wine and assumed the bubbles in the wine were due to a spirit. Although in the 1600s, many people claim that Dom Perignon is the inventor of sparkling wine, who had inadvertently made it following immature fermentation.  

Soon enough, the popularity of Sparkling wine augmented to the next level by the 18th century. Sparkling wine could either be dry brut or sweeter doux in varieties. 

A bottle of sparkling wine is made by crushing the grapes for the extract of wine. Following that, sugar is added to the wine, shortly the fermentation takes place naturally. Subsequently, the yeast starts acting on the sugar, thereby releasing CO2, which causes bubbles in the wine.  

There are many types of famous sparkling wine, such as semi-sparkling wine (Italian Frizzante, French Petillant, German Spritzig wines), sparkling red wine (Asti Spumante, Lambrusco) and many more. 

Main Differences Between Champagne and Sparkling Wine

  1. Champagne is a type of Sparkling drink, which isn’t effervescent. On the other hand, Sparkling wine is not a type of Champagne, which does release bubbles or effervescent effects in the drink. 
  2. Champagne originated from a France region under the same name of a vineyard- ‘Champagne’ in the 5th century as the royal and noble drink. While Sparkling wine was noticed in the 18th century after being disregarded in the past. 
  3. Champagne uses various types of specific grapes, which is set by the rule in the vineyard to prepare it, such as Petit Meslier, Chardonnay, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Noir, Pinot Meunier, Arbane and Pinot Gris are the picked grapes from the yard. Albeit, Sparkling wine is made only from these three types of grapes Californian varietal, Chardonnay and pinot noir. 
  4. Champagne can be stored for at least 5 years, Notwithstanding; Sparkling wine is stored only for 5 months at room temperature. 
  5. Champagne is prepared by keeping up the sparkling wine after the CO2 converter into Carbonate for 15 months. Meanwhile, Sparkling wine is prepared, where the sugar takes place in releasing CO2, which effervescent the drink.

Conclusion 

Champagne is a sparkling wine, but sparkling wine is not a Champagne. Because; Champagne is known from a vineyard in the France region, which follows the prescribed rules for the ingredients to make champagne. Champagne doesn’t provide an effervescent effect even after releasing carbonate. Besides, it can be stored for at least 5 years and takes like a sweet lit drink for a celebration.

Sparkling wine, just like the name of sparkling- it provides spark in the drink by effervescent effect. Sparkling wine sounds like dry brut or sweeter doux in varieties. Moreover, Sparkling wine has varieties of semi-sparkling wine, French Petillant, Red sparkling wine and Frizzante etc. This type of sparkling wine can be stored only for 5 to 6 months at room temperature.

References

  1. https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=e6oaEAAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PP1&dq=champagne+meaning&ots=FKdy55uTt3&sig=BvCcrAMsK52Um2XGrshd-dedSSs
  2. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/08974438.2015.1053162

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