Difference Between China and Japan

Asia is the biggest continent with diversified culture in almost every country in it.

A total of forty-nine countries, Asia possesses a more diverse tradition and culture than the number of counties.

Many economically wealthy and poor countries belong to the Asian continent.Many countries share a certain culture as well.

Even then, there are many differences can be cited with many factors existing among those countries.

Asia’s wealthiest nations are China and Japan, the most prominent nations for their technology-based development.

Japan and China are nearby in a geographical view.

Both the countries had suffered a lot due to natural calamities like earthquakes, few volcanoes also exist in their respective countries.

China vs Japan

The main difference between China and Japan is in the form of government, China is a communist country whereas Japan has a parliamentary constitutional monarchy as the form of governance.

China vs Japan

China has a huge landmass, it is the third-largest country in the world while Japan is an island nation, comprising of more than 6500 islands in it.


Comparison Table Between China and Japan (in Tabular Form)

Parameter of ComparisonChinaJapan
Form of GovernanceChina follows communism as the form of government.Japan follows parliamentary constitutional monarchy as the form of government.
Natural ResourcesChina is rich in natural resources.It has the largest hydropower potentials in the world.The country has huge resources of metals like iron ore, zinc, and coal.Also, China has natural gas and petroleum fields.Japan has very minimal to zero natural resources.
Population Growth rateThe population Growth rate in China has never come down.The one-child policy which came in 1979 controlled the birth rate but the population growth rate is always positive.The population growth rate in Japan is negative since 2017
ReligionChina follows atheism because of communism.However, Buddhism is followed by many in China.Japan’s main religion is Shintoism.
Language SpokenMandarinJapanese


What is China?

China is a country in East Asia, officially called as People’s Republic of China (PRC).It is the world’s number one country in terms of the human population.

China is the third-largest country in the world.

It has 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities and special administrative regions of Hongkong and Macau.

In world history, it is stated as the first established civilizations of the earth.Initially, China’s governance was hereditary monarchies.

Economic reforms were re-established in the year 1978, from then on China started expanding and growing economically powerful.

China is the second-largest economy in terms of nominal GDP.

China has many ethnic groups among the Chinese.The groups include Koreans, Mongolians, Vietnamese, Russians as well.

China being a communist country, most of the Chinese do not follow any religion.However, some Chinese people have religious beliefs.

The major religions are Buddhism, Chinese Folklore, Taoism, and also Confucianism.

Though there are people who follow one religion or the other, they are all considered the minority in front of the atheists’ groups.

The official language of China is Mandarin.China is a land of results, people work here to find results and do not follow processes diligently.


What is Japan?

Japan, geographically is an island nation located in East Asia.Japan encompasses more than 6500 islands with five mainlands in its territory.

Japan is considered to be the densely populated countries in the world.

The terrain is mostly mountain regions and forests and it has very little land for agricultural activities.

Japan has a constitutional monarchy as the form of governance.Japan stands eleventh in terms of population in the world.

Japan has a homogenous society, meaning most of the people who live there are Japanese descendants.

Japanese are religious, they follow the religion called Shintoism.

The official language of Japan is Japanese.It has many dialects the one spoken in Tokyo, the capital of Japan is called the standard Japanese.

The temperature of Japan is widely temperate, however, there is a huge difference in temperature conditions from North to South.

The eating culture of Japanese is pretty unique, they love to consume fresh and raw food.

Japan is named for culture in art.The artistic works of many painters are commendable, mostly on the grounds of peace and prosperity.

Japan is known for Zen Gardens all over the country.The people’s love towards peace and harmony is seen greatly after the 2 massive atomic bomb attacks.


Main Differences Between China and Japan

  1. Being on the Asian Continent, the two countries share many similarities, like earthquakes and storms.However, there are many differences between the two, the major difference between China and Japan is, China follows the Communism as the form of governance where a lot of things are restricted to the Chinese nationals, whereas Japan follows constitutional monarchy and is way too liberal when compared to the restrictions for the Chinese.
  2. China is a strict communist country, wherein a lot of people in China do not follow any religion whereas the Japanese are religious, they follow a religion called Shintoism.
  3. China is comprised of many ethnic groups like the Mongolians, Koreans, Vietnamese, Russians, and the Manchus, while Japan is completely homogenous, most of the people live in Japan are descendants of the same countrymen.
  4. The official language of China is called Mandarin while Japanese is Japan’s national language.
  5. Japan is a country with very minimal to zero natural resources, they thrive in trade mostly.China, on the other hand, is rich in natural resources.
Difference Between China and Japan



Both countries are economically rich.China and Japan are growing fast, thanks to the technology and innovation that they are developing day by day.

Political governance has brought in a lot of differences between these two countries too.

It is evident from the fact of the partition of wealth among the respective countrymen.

Japan has its wealth equally divided whereas poverty is still found in China among the wealthy.

Japan has the highest standards of living while China does not have.It is due to the same reason- political governance.

The liberal life in Japan and limited freedom in China also talks a lot about the countries.

Key Differences Between China and Japan (PDF Format)

Download the key differences in .PDF format, to read or print them later:

Difference Between China and Japan



  1. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-pacific-13017877
  2. https://www.britannica.com/place/Japan
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