Difference Between Chlamydia and Herpes (With Table)

Infections that are transmitted through sexual contact are caused usually by bacteria, parasites, or viruses. They are referred to as STD or STI, depending upon the origin. The main cause of such diseases is involvement in unprotected sex. There are various such infections and diseases. The most common are Chlamydia and Herpes.

Chlamydia vs Herpes

The main difference between chlamydia and herpes is that Chlamydia is caused by a bacteria which is known as Chlamydia trachomatis while Herpes is caused by a virus called Herpes Simplex Virus (HPV).

Chlamydia is classified as an STI or Sexually Transmitted Infection while Heroes is classified as STD or Sexually Transmitted Disease. Chlamydia is treatable and the symptoms are usually resolved by medication or antibiotics. But the infection does not have major prominent symptoms in the initial stages and can lead to serious complications by causing infection in other areas if left untreated.

On the other hand, Herpes can be classified into further two types HSV 1 and HSV 2. The main cause of herpes through sexual contact with an infected person or contact with a herpes sore. The infection has the potential of affecting various parts of the body.

Comparison Table Between Chlamydia and Herpes

Parameters of ComparisonChlamydiaHerpes
Type STI or Sexually Transmitted Infection STD or Sexually Transmitted Disease
SymptomsYellow or green discharge, burning sensation during urination, pain in the lower abdomen, pain during sexual intercourse, and bleedingPain or burning sensation during urination, presence of blistering source On genitals or in the mouth, severe itching, swollen lymph nodes, lack of appetite, fever, fatigue, and tiredness, and headache
DiagnosisVaginal swab in women and urinal test in men Examining herpes culture which contains swab of the sores
TreatmentWith antibiotics like Azithromycin, Doxycycline, and other potential antibiotics No specific cure for this virus however several medications can reduce the intensity and inflammation of the disease
Preventive measuresUsing condoms, limiting the number of sex partners, by avoiding douching and having regular screeningBy avoiding douching or abusing alcohol and drugs, by being monogamous, getting tested, and performing protected sex every time

What is Chlamydia?

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection (STI). The infection does not have distinct symptoms in the early stages but can cause serious complications if remains untreated for a long time. The patients are also advised to not have sex during the medication. Because the disease has the potential to reoccur.

The main cause of chlamydia is unprotected sex. Even newborn babies are vulnerable to chlamydia from their mother during birth. Chlamydia can cause infection in the throat or eye if there has been genital contact in that specific place. The virus can also affect the rectum and lead to discharge, rectal pain, or bleeding.

The most common symptoms of chlamydia are yellow or green discharge, burning sensation during urination, pain in the lower abdomen, pain during sexual intercourse, and bleeding. Other symptoms which go unnoticed include fever, pain in the pelvic region, nausea, vomiting, and headache. The most common diagnostic test for chlamydia is vaginal swab in women and urinal test in men. Infections in other areas like the anus or throat are also tested through the swab.

Chlamydia can be easily treated with antibiotics like Azithromycin, Doxycycline, and other potential antibiotics. Chlamydia can also be treated with several home remedies like Goldenseal or Echinacea medicinal plant. These plants boost the immune system and also help in reducing the inflammation caused by the infection.

What is Herpes?

Herpes is caused by Herpes Simplex Virus (HPV). The virus mainly appears on the genitals or mouth. The virus can be classified into further two types HSV 1 and HSV 2. The HSV 1 virus is responsible for fever blisters and cold sores around the mouth and face region and causes oral herpes while HSV 2 causes genital herpes with genital herpes outbreaks.

The main cause of herpes through sexual contact with an infected person or contact with a herpes sore. Many patients with HSV 1 can be asymptomatic and have no prominent sores. Herpes can be spread by having multiple sex partners, having some other Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI), a weak immune system, or having sex at a young age.

Asymptomatic patients of herpes can also transmit the virus to other healthy people. Some common symptoms of herpes are pain or burning sensation during urination, presence of blistering source On genitals or in the mouth, severe itching, swollen lymph nodes, lack of appetite, fever, fatigue, and tiredness, and headache.

Herpes has the potential to spread to the eyes and cause herpes keratitis. Herpes is diagnosed through examining herpes culture. There is no specific cure for this virus however several medications can reduce the intensity and inflammation of the disease. The virus can also remain in a dormant stage in the body after contract and only trigger through certain stimuli.

Main Differences Between Chlamydia and Herpes

  1. Chlamydia is caused by a bacterium called Chlamydia trachomatis while herpes is caused by Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV).
  2. Chlamydia can have serious complications and lead to infections in other areas like the anus, eye, throat, and rectum while herpes does not have any serious complications.
  3. Chlamydia can be treated with antibiotics while Herpes has no cure.
  4. Chlamydia cannot be classified into further types while herpes can be classified further into two types – HSV 1 and HSV 2.
  5. The bacteria of Chlamydia is present in infected semen and vaginal fluids while the virus of Herpes is present on the skin of the infected place.

Conclusion

Both the diseases are classified as sexually transmitted infections. Sexually transmitted infections are also known as STD or STIs depending upon the origin. Most of these diseases do not have distinct and prominent symptoms in the early stages which makes it difficult to recognize and screen right at the initial stage.

With proper precautions, these infections and diseases can be prevented. It is essential and mandatory to have protected sex. And regular screening can help in maintaining overall health and reduce the risk of abnormal increase.

References

  1. https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/abs/10.1161/01.cir.102.19.2335
  2. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1034/j.1600-0463.2003.1110504.x
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2D vs 3D