https://askanydifference.com/difference-between-cilantro-and-corianderabc Difference Between Cilantro and Coriander - Ask Any Difference

Difference Between Cilantro and Coriander

Spices are used in all cuisines around the world. They give flavor to the food. Some spices can enhance the taste of the food. Besides these uses, Spices have also proven to be medicinally important. Different parts of a plant like a leaf, bark, root, fruit, sap, and flowers are used as spices

Cilantro vs Coriander

The main difference between Cilantro and Coriander is that the leaves and stem of a coriander plant are called Cilantro while Coriander is the dried seeds. Cilantro is used directly to season the dishes, to make chutney, to add flavor to smoothies, etc. Coriander is powdered and the powder is popularly used in South Asian Dishes.

Cilantro vs Coriander

The word Cilantro has a Spanish origin. It means the leaves of Coriander in Spanish. Cilantro is green and has thin leaves. It gives a fresh mild citrus flavor. It is added to soups, salads, and many other dishes. Though Cilantro is liked by many people, some hate the aroma.

Coriander is a dried seed that is used as a spice. It has a sharp and warm aroma. It is used along with cinnamon and cumin. The seeds are collected from the plant dried and grounded to get coriander powder. But in some countries, this term is used to indicate the entire plant.

Comparison Table Between Cilantro and Coriander

Parameters of Comparison Cilantro Coriander
Category HerbSpice
Nutrients Vitamins A, K, and C, Manganese, Zinc, Copper, Iron, etc Rich in Iron, Magnesium, Calcium, Copper, Phosphorus, and Fiber
Medicinal valuesAnti-aging. Prevents blood clots and Antimicrobial Anti-cancerous, Decreases blood sugar and heart disease
Flavour Fresh, CitrusySpicy, hot, Nutty
DishesGuacamole, Salsa, Soups, Salads, Chutney, and AcordaCurries, Meat rubs, some bread, vegetable pickles, etc

What is Cilantro?

It is the herb commonly used to season seafood dishes. It gives the food a refreshing flavor by adding in extra fats and calories. Cilantro leaves and stalk are chopped and added to food either raw or at the end of cooking. It is not exposed to boiling water or very hot food. This is to prevent the loss of flavor. Since Cilantro leaves are tender they may lose their aroma and texture if boiled or cooked.

Cilantro is usually grown by farmers and sold in markets and shops. But they are one of the simplest crops to grow in your kitchen garden. Always chop the leaves with sharp knives to avoid bruising them. Cilantro is a good choice of seasoning for fish dishes, Thai, Mexican and Indian dishes.

They are added in salads and tacos. It goes well with a variety of dishes and one can use it according to their interests. The leaves can be dried and added to dishes but, the fresh form is most preferred. They are rich in vitamins and less in minerals. They have a huge amount of water.

Cilantro has antioxidant properties that are useful in fighting against free radicals. Some studies suggest that Cilantro has anti-aging properties. It is also helpful to prevent blood clots and thus offers good heart health. It is effective against high blood pressure and sugar levels. Cilantro is antimicrobial and helps fight infections.

What is Coriander?

Coriander seeds are golden brown. They are rounded and the seeds are present inside the shell. Coriander powder plays a major role in the making of South Asian dishes like curry, rice dishes, soup. It can also be used in seasoning certain dishes. They can be used in meat rubs. Coriander powder has a unique place in Indian cuisine.

The seeds are roasted before grounding which helps to intensify the flavor. These seeds have an incredible amount of minerals and less water. They are rich in manganese and iron. Besides being a good ingredient in the kitchen it also has immense medicinal uses. They are used in traditional medicines.

Just like Cilantro coriander is also rich in antioxidants. They are found to cure inflammation and have anti-cancerous abilities. It has an inhibiting effect on colon, breast, lungs, prostate, and stomach cancers. It can also decrease the risk of getting heart disease. Adding them to the diet can help reduce blood pressure.

Coriander powder can be bought from grocery stores. Making your coriander powder is also a good idea for which one should plant their Coriander plant. Coriander plant is easy to grow. Ground coriander powder loses the aroma easily so it is always better to use freshly grounded coriander powder. The seeds are infused in some special types of beer and also added in rye bread making.

Main Differences Between Cilantro and Coriander

  1. Cilantro has high water and vitamin content but Coriander has low water and high mineral content
  2. Cilantro is effective against skin aging and can delay it while Coriander is anti-cancerous
  3. Cilantro is used in the fresh form as a garnish for soups and salads but coriander is toasted, grounded, and used in dishes or used as a whole in liquor making
  4. Cilantro has a citrusy aroma which is refreshing whereas, Coriander has a nutty, hot, spicy flavor which makes it a spice
  5. Cilantro comprises the stalk and leaves. It comes under the category of herbs but Coriander is dried seeds and categorized as a spice

Conclusion

Though both these come from the same plant. They are different in aroma and flavor. They have different uses in the kitchen. One is used fresh the other dried. They also differ in their nutritional value. Cilantro is the name used in America. In other countries, it is simply called coriander. The roots are also used in cooking.

It is often confusing and makes sure what you need for your dish before adding them. One cannot be substituted for the other. Cilantro is widely used than coriander. The process of making coriander is a little hard compared to the Cilantro that is available easily. Adding both to your diet can help prevent many diseases.

References

  1. https://pdfs.nutramedix.ec/Coriandrum%20sativum%20-%20Broad%20Spectrum%20(benifits).pdf
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168160501007346
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