Difference Between Coho Salmon and King Salmon (With Table)

Salmon is a type of fish of the family Salmonidae among some other fishes such as trout, char, whitefish, etc. they are commonly found in North America and the pacific ocean. Salmons are known to be anadromous and hatch in freshwater. There are various species of salmon, and two of them are coho salmon and king salmon.

Coho salmon is also called silver salmon. Its appearance includes a bright red colour on the sides, bluish-green head and back and dark belly. They are usually found in the north pacific ocean, Asia and North America. Coho salmon can weigh up to 36 pounds and can grow up to 28 inches. This species is also very famous as a game fish in various regions of the world. It is known to have a moderate to a high level of fat and nutrition.

King salmon is the largest species among all other species of salmon. They are also called chinook salmon, tyee salmon, spring salmon etc. It has pink or white meat that is known to have a high omega-3 fatty acid level. It has a body with silvery sides with blue-green, red or purple head and back. They also have black spots on their upper body and tail. A mature king salmon can grow up to 36 inches and weigh up to 130 lb.

The difference between coho salmon and king salmon is the their weight and size. King salmon is a bigger and heavier fish than coho salmon. It is also known that the coho salmon have white gums whereas the king salmon have black gums.

Comparison Table Between Coho Salmon and King Salmon

Parameters of ComparisonCoho SalmonKing Salmon
DefinitionIt is one of the species of the salmon family.It is yet another species of the salmon family.
AppearanceHave bright red sides, bluish-green head and back and dark belly.Have a body with silvery sides, blueish gree, red or purple head and back, and dark spots on their tail and upper body.
Size and Weight28-inch height and around 7 to 11 pounds weight. 24 to 36 inch in height and 10 to 50 lb in weight.
NutritionHave a moderate to a high amount of fat and various nutritions. Consists of high levels of omega-3 fatty acids.
Other namesSilver salmonChinook salmon, spring salmon, qinnat salmon, tyee salmon and chrome hag.

What is Coho Salmon?

Coho salmon is one of the species of the salmon family. It is also known by another name, i.e. silver salmon and is an anadromous fish. A fully grown coho salmon have a body with bright red sides, bluish-green head and back, and dark black bellies. A mature fish of this species have an average 28-inch height, can weigh around 7 to 11 and can reach up to 36 pounds.

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Coho salmon are mostly found in the north pacific ocean. However, they are also found in some other regions in enough quantities such as North America, Japan, Asia, etc. These fishes are known to feed on planktons and aquatic invertebrates during their freshwater day. As they mature, they start feeding on small fishes as well.

The salmon species is known to be very useful and famous among people. People can use them for fisheries, food, game fish, etc. The highest amount of harvested coho salmons are taken to the United States and Russia. Alaskan troll fishery refers to this species as their backbone.

Coho salmon is also a very famous game fish in various regions such as North America, Canada, etc. It has an orange-red flesh consisting of a considerate amount of fat and nutritions. And hence coho salmon is often used as food by people all around the world.

What is King Salmon?

King salmon is yet another salmon family species, and it is the largest species of its family and genus. It is often called by various names such as chinook salmon, spring salmon, qinnat salmon, tyee salmon and chrome hag. It is an anadromous fish and is commonly found in the north pacific ocean, north America, Asia, New Zealand, etc.

King salmon has silvery sides with blueish-green, red or purple head and back. They also appear to have black spots on their upper body and tail. They have a black gum line which is not present in any of the other salon species.

A wholly grown king salmon is 24 to 36 inch in size and weighs around 10 to 50 lb but can reach up 130 lb. the meet of this fish can be pink or white which solely depends on what the fish is feeding on. King salmon is a precious fish all around the globe. They are harvested at a high rate every year. New Zealand is known as the world’s largest producer and supplier of king salmon.

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Some communities even celebrate the first catch of king salmon every year as they consider this fish to be culturally important. King salmon also have many nutritional benefits. It consists of high levels of omega-3 fatty acids and various vitamins as well.

Main Differences Between Coho Salmon and King Salmon

  1. Coho salmon is also known as silver salmon whereas king salmon has various other names such as chinook salmon, spring salmon, tyee salmon, etc.
  2. Coho salmon has white gums. In contrast, king salmon has black gums.
  3. The meat of coho salmon is orange-red and has a moderate amount of fat, whereas the flesh of king salmon is either pink or white and consists of high levels of omega-3 fatty acids.
  4. Coho salmon has a body with bright red sides, bluish-green head and back and dark belly. On the other hand, king salmon has a body with silvery sides, blueish gree, red or purple head and back, and dark spots on their tail and upper body.
  5. An average coho salmon have a 28-inch height and around 7 to 11 pounds weight. In contrast, an average king salmon is 24 to 36 inch in height and approximately 10 to 50 lb in weight.

Conclusion

Coho salmon and king salmon are two different species of the salmon family. Belong to the same family; they still have differences such as appearances, uses, availability, etc.

Coho salmon has a body that includes a bright red colour on the sides, bluish-green head and back and dark belly. The king salmon has a body with silvery sides with a blue-green, red or purple head and back. They also have black spots on their upper body and tail. These species are usually found in the north pacific ocean, Asia and North America, etc.

Coho salmon can weigh up to 36 pounds and can grow up to 28 inches. In contrast, a mature king salmon can grow up to 36 inches and weigh up to 130 lb. they are also famous as a game fish in various world regions. Coho salmon is known to have a moderate to a high level of fat and nutrition. At the same time, King salmon is the largest species among all other salmon species and has pink or white meat known to have a high omega-3 fatty acid level.

References

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0016648086900079
  2. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1095-8649.1978.tb03450.x