Difference Between Computer Science and Computer Programming (With Table)

The era of digital technology has been at its best in recent years because of different reasons. With digital dominance setting in, the field of computers and informatics has been gaining huge popularity. This is one of the major reasons why young professionals are drawn towards a career in these fields.

Computer Science vs Computer Programming

The difference between computer science and computer programming is that computer subject is a total of the theoretical component of learning. On the other hand, computer programming refers to the application of theory to solve problems. The solutions are provided in the form of codes that are run on a computer.

Computer science is a broad term used to refers to everything about computers. It can be used for describing complicated algorithms or simple output mechanisms. Simply, it can be described as the study of computers. It is a major subject that is chosen by students as a part of their course curriculum.

Computer programming refers to writing programs that are used to execute a specific function. Everything that happens on a digital game runs with the help of a computer program. It may be as short as two lines and go over to a thousand lines and more. It is done with the help of different programming languages.

Comparison Table Between Computer Science and Computer Programming

Parameter of comparisonComputer ScienceComputer Programming
Learning MaterialIt involves the study of different attributes associated with computers. These may be algorithms, databases, so on and so forth.It mainly involves the study of different programming languages. All languages have different sets of commands for executing different functions.
SkillsComputer science requires an individual to have a variety of skills. It may range from coding to quality assurance.It focuses on languages that can be learned according to convenience. Interested learners have multiple options to choose from.
Work approachIt is majorly based on data and operations on data. These operations may be mathematical or logical.It aims to provide solutions through the medium of written computer programs. These may be in languages like Java.
CareersA career in computer science could be in different fields. It could be coding, programming, tech solution, and many more.A career in computer programming is mainly concerned with building solutions. It has applications in innumerable fields.
ProcessComputer science is mainly theory-based and includes different processes. These may be input, output, display, audio, and whatnot.Computer programming can be regarded as the application of theoretical learning. It is practical-based

What is Computer Science?

Computer science is a broad term used to describe computer processes and their study. A computer has multiple processes involving the storage and processing of data. Data is the chief component of computers and has a variety of operations. These operations may be based on mathematical formulas or logical reasoning.

Coding is a very essential part of computer science. Computer codes run in the background and provide the desired results on your computer screen. Some codes are universal, for example, the addition of numbers. The basic code remains the same and only numbers are changed. Such codes are easy to create. On the other hand, codes can also be very complex and tough to create.

Multiple fields are included in the domain of computer science. These range from artificial intelligence to computer networks, from data security to data storage, from computer interactions to visual effect, and so on. Software engineering, which refers to the process of designing software solutions is a part of computer science.

It is a combination of the study of computer hardware and software. However, more attention is paid to the software component while learning.

What is Computer Programming?

Computer programming, as the name suggests, refers to the art of creating complex programs. These programs run and produce desirable outputs in computer systems. A complex algorithm is followed while designing these programs. Additionally, the algorithm witnesses basic modifications with a change in the purposes to be fulfilled.

It can be summarized as the process of providing instructions to the computer for performing a given task. The task could be as simple as calculating the sum of two numbers. Programs are written according to predefined syntaxes which are universal. A combination of keywords and variables is used in the instructions.

A computer program can be written in different languages like Java, C++, SQ, and many more. The more languages an individual knows, the more diverse his knowledge and skills get. It is often said that if an individual knows one language, the other programming languages become easier to understand.

There are more than 500 programming languages and no individual can learn them all. One should focus more on the languages that are widely used by a lot of companies. The basic job of a computer programmer is to sit on their computer and write instructions. It may seem easy but requires a lot of critical thinking.

Main Differences Between Computer Science and Computer Programming

  1. Computer Science includes a variety of processes and operations. Computer programming mainly focuses on providing instructions.
  2. Computer scientists focus on developing solutions to problems associated with data storage and networks. Computer programmers design written codes for almost everything.
  3. Computer science mainly focuses on theoretical learning while computer programming requires individuals to have practical learning skills.
  4. An individual studying computer science can have a variety of careers ranging from software engineering to network designing. Computer programming is mainly associated with being a programmer.
  5. Digital information can easily be stored with the help of studying computer science and computer programming.


Hence, it would be right to state that computer programming is a small part of the study of computer science. Computer science helps people learn about the overall functioning of a computer while programming helps them modify those functions. Computer science has become one of the most desired fields for young professionals. This has been caused due to the onset of the era of digital dominance. Another reason for this outcome is the rapid advancement in computer technologies in the past decade. The field is perfect for people who like to involve themselves in critical thinking. Additionally, the field can be explored by individuals of all age groups.


  1. https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/1053291.1053309
  2. 2.https://dl.acm.org/doi/pdf/10.1145/1283920.1283929
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