Difference Between Condenser and Dynamic Microphone (With Table)

Condenser Microphone and Dynamic Microphone are two prominent types of microphones that are used by many people at different places for different purposes. These two are very popular among many people and work for different causes. Although these two do similar work, they still carry a lot of differences, and it becomes very crucial to have known them. 

Condenser Microphone vs Dynamic Microphone 

The difference between Condenser Microphone and Dynamic Microphone is that the former is an ideal microphone for using in a studio to record sounds that are very delicate and soft in texture. But on the contrary, the latter refers to be a specific microphone that is used in live recordings and is most suitable for sounds that include very loud beats. There are many differences between the technology that these two microphones use. 

Known by other names such as capacitor microphone and electrostatic microphone, a Condenser Microphone is a unique microphone of its own kind. It requires power to operate, and this power is commonly termed phantom power in the music industry. The technology of this particular microphone happens to be search that it is used to record very soft and smooth sounds such as vocals and soft tunes. It is very popular in music studios and can be seen in almost every part of the world. 

But on the contrary, a Dynamic Microphone is quite different from a condenser microphone as it not only works without any additional power equipment, it also happens to be a more durable and less maintenance-required device. This microphone contains a very rough sensitivity in its inner built, and this is the reason behind it capturing loud vocals at a very great quality. This microphone happens to be built in a particular way that it does not get damaged due to high-pitched sounds. 

Comparison Table Between Condenser and Dynamic Microphone 

Parameters of Comparison Condenser Microphone Dynamic Microphone 
Meaning  It refers to a prominent category of microphones that are built with a diaphragm from inside restricted by a plate. It refers to another prominent category of microphones that contains wired coil inside and happens to be less sensitive. 
Suitable for It is suitable for recording soft and delicate sounds and vocals. It is suitable for recording harsh and loud beats and vocals. 
Priced range It happens to be more expensive. It happens to be less expensive. 
Durability  This microphone requires high maintenance and happens to be less durable This microphone requires less maintenance and happens to be more durable. 
Another name  Also known as capacitor microphone and electrostatic microphone. Also known as a moving-coil microphone. 
Requirement of power It requires phantom power to get started. It requires no power and works well after just connecting it to the speaker. 
Mostly used in This microphone is mostly used in studio recordings as it records definite frequencies. This microphone is mostly used in live concerts and shows because the frequency there is indefinite and fluctuating. 
Internal technology A diaphragm restricted by a plate is used inside it. A wired coil that moves inside is used. 

What is Condenser Microphone? 

A Condenser Microphone refers to a prominent category of microphones that are built with a diaphragm from inside restricted by a plate. When the sound received by the microphone collides against the diaphragm, it creates a very unusual pressure and causes although ears to listen to that sound at its original frequency. 

This microphone and its inner technology happen to be very delicate in nature, and therefore, it is very difficult for this microphone to tolerate sound with a higher frequency. This is the reason behind it being suitable for recording soft and delicate sounds and vocals.  

Due to the delicacy in the technology and the maintenance this microphone requires, it generally happens to be more expensive. This microphone requires high maintenance and happens to be less durable. It is also known as capacitor microphone and electrostatic microphone.  

It requires phantom power to get started. This simply means that in order to get this microphone function, it is important to plug it in a speaker that provides it power. This microphone is mostly used in studio recordings as it records definite frequencies. 

What is Dynamic Microphone? 

On the other side, a Dynamic Microphone refers to another prominent category of microphones that contains wired coil inside and happens to be less sensitive. Another name for this microphone is a moving-coil microphone. This name exists cause of the technology of the coil that is present inside this microphone. 

Talking about the built technology of this microphone, the diaphragm inside this microphone happens to be attached with a specific kind of coil. This coil allows the diaphragm to increase the frequency that it is receiving, therefore, making this earphone suitable for recording high-pitched sounds.  

It is suitable for recording harsh and loud beats and vocals. One very unique feature of this microphone is that even after providing such distinguished attributes, it happens to be less expensive. This microphone requires less maintenance and happens to be more durable. It requires no power and works well after just connecting it to the speaker. 

This microphone is mostly used in live concerts and shows because the frequency there is indefinite and fluctuating. Vocals in life shows happen to be unrestricted and very hyped. Therefore this speaker works just as fine with these types of sounds. 

Main Differences Between Condenser and Dynamic Microphone 

  1. A condenser microphone happens to be suitable for recordings that are taking place in a studio, but on the other side, a dynamic microphone is suitable when a live performance is going on.  
  2. A condenser microphone happens to be more expensive in price range as compared to a dynamic microphone.  
  3. A condenser microphone requires high maintenance and happens to be less durable as compared to a dynamic microphone that happens to be more durable and tough.  
  4. A condenser microphone is also known as a capacitor microphone and electrostatic microphone, while a dynamic microphone is also known as a moving-coil microphone.  
  5. In order to get started, a condenser microphone requires power, but a dynamic microphone can work without power. 

Conclusion 

All of us have noticed fancy earphones, headphones, and microphones at many places such as online videos, movies, recording shows, etc. All of these tools play a greater role in enhancing the quality of the content that is being produced. Microphones are a great deal when it comes to recording sounds, and it is very crucial to know the suitable one as per one’s preference. 

Both condenser and dynamic microphones have their own pros and cons when it comes to their uses. They are suitable for different purposes and different people. Therefore, it becomes very crucial to know the differences between these two so that one can know which one should get. 

References 

  1. https://pubs.asha.org/doi/abs/10.1044/jshr.3606.1177 
  2. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/1627742/?casa_token=PDIc3OnHWbIAAAAA:QHF2de3dIWSiGDYCFlfErzPzPQ5oTlblV0ov4PoH8TlbIyOGbQNkUSaa8OEquefZiWolq1KJx-w  
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