Difference Between Confidence and Overconfidence (With Table)

Many people often make the mistake of being overconfident, thinking they are just confident. But, confidence and overconfidence are very different from each other. Confidence is a good trait of personality, where overconfidence is the reason for the failure of many. Confidence is a very important and positive personality trait. But overconfidence is a negative personality trait.

Confidence vs Overconfidence

The difference between confidence and overconfidence is that confidence is a positive personality trait where a person feels sure about his actions and makes the right decision. Confidence simply means believing in your capabilities to do something and having faith in yourself. On the contrary, overconfidence is a negative personality trait where a person has excessive belief in his capabilities and ignores his faults.

Confidence refers to a positive personality trait which simply means having an adequate level of self-belief. The proper combination of ability and confidence is the main mantra of being successful in life. Lickerman highlighted three realms of confidence- believing in self-competence, intrinsic worth, and the ability to learn and solve problems.

Overconfidence refers to a negative personality trait that is often interchanged with hubris, presumptuousness, and arrogance. Overconfidence is having an excessive degree of self-belief that people start to ignore their flaws. Having overconfidence leads to several problems such as being irrational and too complacent, as objective reality is far from the overconfident mind’s world, which would eventually lead to failure.

Comparison Table Between Confidence and Overconfidence (With Table)

Parameters of ComparisonConfidenceOverconfidence
ImprovementConfident people have faith in their capabilities. At the same time, they also consider that they have some flaws that can be improved.Overconfident people have an excessive degree of faith on own capabilities that think that they are perfect and there is nothing to improve on their capabilities.
SuccessThe triumph from confidence is long-term as confident people are aware of their flaws and constantly try to improve them. The success brought by overconfidence is short-lived as overconfident people get fascinated by the success and start to ignore their flaws.
LimitationConfident people know where to stop and observe the possible caution of the situation and take actions accordingly.Overconfident people are always full of themselves that they forget to observe the cautions of any situation and continue to take any action even if there is any risk.
TroubleConfident people are always aware of their flaws and try to improve their capabilities, so they rarely make foolish judgments and take actions that lead them into trouble.Overconfident people do not consider their limitations and take actions that lead them into trouble.
PatienceConfident people often show patience in verifying cautions of the situation.Overconfident people are generally impatient for validating the situation and rely on their unwise speculations.

 What is Confidence?

Confidence is a positive personality trait where people have faith in their capabilities and meet challenges of life and tackle it successfully. Projecting confidence helps people to make a strong first impression, gain credibility, tackle professional and personal life challenges, and deal with pressure.

Confidence is not a fixed, innate characteristic. It is a personality trait that can be developed and improved over time. Social confidence can be acquired and improved by practising in social settings. For developing social confidence a person needs to observe the flow and structure of any conversation before jumping in it. They can also prepare topics or questions to discuss ahead of time.

constantly try to improve them. Confident people know where to stop and observe the possible. Triumph from confidence is long-term as confident people are aware of their flaws and caution of the situation and take actions accordingly.

Confident people often show patience in verifying cautions of the situation. Confident people are always aware of their flaws and try to improve their capabilities, so they rarely make foolish judgments and take actions that lead them into trouble.

It is very common to have mixed levels of confidence according to the situation in different situations. For example, a senior manager of a successful company may feel confident in her professional life, but when she gets pregnant she has no or little confidence that she will be able to tackle this part of her life.

What is Overconfidence?

Overconfidence refers to a negative personality trait where people’s confidence in their knowledge and judgments is higher than the accuracy of the knowledge and judgments. Simply, Overconfidence is having an excessive degree of self-belief that people start to ignore their flaws. 

In psychology, there is an actual definition of overconfidence. According to APA (American Psychology Association), overconfidence is a cognitive bias characteristic where people overestimate their actual ability to perform a task successfully. Overconfident people think that their performance is better than others and they always have excessive belief in their abilities.

Having overconfidence leads to several problems such as being irrational and too complacent, as objective reality is far from the overconfident mind’s world, which would eventually lead to failure. Even the success brought by overconfidence is short-lived as overconfident people get fascinated by the success and start to ignore their flaws.

Overconfident people are always so full of themselves that they forget to observe the cautions of any situation and continue to take any action even if there is any risk. They do not consider their limitations and take actions that lead them into trouble. Overconfident people have an excessive degree of faith in their capabilities that think that they are perfect and there is nothing to improve on their capabilities.

Main Differences Between Confidence and Overconfidence

  1. Confident people have faith in their capabilities. At the same time, they also consider that they have some flaws that can be improved. On the other hand, Over-confident people have an excessive degree of faith in their capabilities that think that they are perfect and there is nothing to improve on their capabilities.
  2. The triumph from confidence is long-term as confident people are aware of their flaws and constantly try to improve them. But The success brought by overconfidence is short-lived as overconfident people get fascinated by the success and start to ignore their flaws.
  3. Confident people know where to stop and observe the possible caution of the situation and take actions accordingly. Overconfident people are always so full of themselves that they forget to observe the cautions of any situation and continue to take any action even if there is any risk. 
  4. Confident people are always aware of their flaws and try to improve their capabilities, so they rarely make foolish judgments and take actions that lead them into trouble. Overconfident people do not consider their limitations and take actions that lead them into trouble.
  5. Confident people often show patience in verifying cautions of the situation. Overconfident people are generally impatient for validating the situation and rely on their unwise speculations.

Conclusion

Both confidence and overconfidence are related to being self-motivated and self-assured. But the difference is confidence is having an adequate level of self-belief and on the other hand, overconfidence is having an excessive degree of self-belief which often overestimates the ability to perform a task successfully.

Confidence is a positive personality trait where people have faith in their ability. Confident people are always aware of their performance and observe the cautions of any situation and try to improve their performance. On the other hand, overconfidence is a negative personality trait where people have an excessive degree of self-belief and think their performance is better than others. They are always so fascinated by their performance that they forget to see their faults and improve them.

References

  1. https://academic.oup.com/qje/article-abstract/117/3/871/1933029
  2. https://psycnet.apa.org/doiLanding?doi=10.1037%2F0033-295X.115.2.502
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