Mathematics is an important topic, but it doesn’t have any precise definition. It includes geometry, quantity, space and Change.

## Key Takeaways

- Constants are values that do not change during program execution, while variables can be assigned different values throughout the program.
- Constants are defined using the const keyword, while variables are defined using var or let keywords.
- Constants can improve program performance and readability, while variables provide flexibility.

**Constants vs Variables**

The difference between constant and variable is that Constants don’t change their value, and their value is fixed. In contrast, Variables change their value frequently depending on the equation. Constants and Variables are used in both Computer Science and Mathematics. Both have slight differences in the two areas. A Constant function is defined by a rule known as a Constant Rule. Variables are of two types, i.e. independent variable and dependent variable.

Constants have multiple meanings, and it is fixed concerning floating-point value. It is used for two purposes: a fixed number that is well-defined and second as a constant function whose value remains unchanged.

Variables are something that is a type of quantity that changes and can vary according to an equation. Variables are also used to represent functions, matrices, vectors and numbers.

**Comparison Table**

Parameters of Comparison | Constants | Variables |
---|---|---|

Value in Maths | It is a constant or fixed number. | It is an undefined number. |

Value in Programming | It is any data that is unchanged. | It is any data that is changing. |

Symbol in Maths | It has numbers as a symbol. | It has letters and symbols. |

Symbol in Programming | It has defined a constant name. | It has a defined variable name. |

Types | There are 4 types of constants. | There are two types of variables. |

**What are Constants?**

Constants can be defined as a constant functions always giving the same value. If a constant is written in a single variable, for example, f(x) = 5, it would make a graph with a horizontal straight line parallel to the x-axis.

In programming, the program cannot change the value of a constant, and the value remains constant. When an identifier puts constants together, it is called ‘named’.

Constants are used in many programming languages, such as C, C++, Java etc. Programming paradigms define how the values of constants should be treated.

**What are Variables?**

Variables are commonly used for representing vectors, functions and matrices. It is used to show the arbitrary value of a set. The value of variables keeps changing, unlike constants.

In the 16th century, François Viète gave the idea of representing variables with letters and using it in computer programming as well. Then Rene Descartes uses the methodology to use variables for an unknown in an equation like a, b or c. In maths, it is very common that variables play different roles, like in differential calculus. Concerning the variable, it is also called the argument of functions. Variables are also defined as independent of x ad can be called constants.

In programming, variables are scalar and used as storage devices to store various data types. It is paired with a symbolic code that has an unknown or known quantity.

**Main Differences Between Constants and Variables**

- Constants have been defined as a constant name in programming. Variables have been as a defined variable name in Programming.
- There are 4 types of constants, i.e. Integer, Character, Real and String Constants. There are two types of variables: Independent and Dependent Variables.

**References**

- https://europepmc.org/article/med/2304410
- https://academic.oup.com/ia/article-abstract/85/6/1143/2326220