Difference Between Conventional and Non-Conventional Sources Of Energy (With Table)

Conventional vs Non-Conventional Sources Of Energy

The key difference between conventional and non-conventional sources of energy lies in the fact that conventional sources of energy refer to the sources that have been used for a long time, while non-conventional sources of energy have come into existence in recent years.

Sources of energies are used for the development of energy. The energy is used for our survival and easy lifestyle. The sources of energy can be broadly classified into two categories, namely, conventional and non-conventional sources of energy. 

Conventional sources produce pollution and global warming, whereas non-conventional sources do not produce pollution and are environment-friendly.
Examples:

  1. Conventional Sources: Cow dung cake, fossil fuels.
  2. Non-Conventional Sources: Biological Waste, Wind, Sun.

Non-conventional sources of energy are those sources of energy that can be reused. They don’t deplete.

They survive till time immortal. Examples of conventional sources of energies are petroleum, coal, oil, and nuclear power. Examples of non-conventional sources of energies are tides, wind, sun, water, biomass, etc.


Parameter of comparisonConventional sources of energyNon-conventional sources of energy
Frequency of useOnce, non-reusableMultiple times, re-useable
Chip formationMicroscopic chip formationCan remove the material with or without chip
PollutionYes, due to releasing of smoke and ash after useComparatively less.
UseUsed in the commercial and industrial areaUsed for domestic purposes
ExpenseCostlyComparatively less expensive
ExhaustibleCan be exhausted if overusedNon-exhaustible

 

What are Conventional Sources Of Energy?

Conventional sources of energy are those energies that can only be used once. They are hence also called as ‘non-renewable sources of energy.’

These energies are mostly used worldwide for industrial and commercial purposes. Conventional sources of energy are used up to 90% all over the world. The most expensive and used a conventional source of energy is oil.

The conventional sources of energy need to be transported for their varied uses in all parts of the world, which is very difficult and expensive.

They need high maintenance and complex machinery to function. If we overuse them, then they will be exhausted and won’t be available for our future generations.

They are not environment-friendly as they release smoke and ash after their use.

This smoke is mixed with our atmosphere, which harms humans as well as all living beings. There are projects that are enabling their use as scarce as possible for our future generations need them for survival as well as it is harmful to our present date earth.

The examples for the conventional source of energy are coal, petroleum and natural gas, oil, and nuclear power.

Uses of conventional sources of energy are as follows:

  1. Coal – Coal has been used in earlier times for heating purposes, such as cooking and starting a fire. They were also used in the railways.
  2. Petroleum and natural gas – Petroleum, when processed, can be made petrol. Once the crude petroleum is processed, we can get diesel, lubricating oil, etc. Natural gas is used in the domestic area, and it causes less pollution than fossil fuel.
  3. Oil – Oil is used in the industrial sector. It is the most used conventional source of energy.
Conventional Sources Of Energy
Conventional Sources Of Energy
 

What are Non-Conventional Sources Of Energy?

Non-conventional sources of energy are those energy sources that can be reused. They are also called as ‘renewable sources of energy.’ They cannot be exhausted. These energies are mostly used for domestic purposes. 

They are available in nature in abundance, and hence they don’t need any transportation to any part of the world. They are easy to maintain and need minimal supervision and machinery for us to use them.

These sources of energy are environment-friendly and cause less to zero pollution. They are used as an alternative for conventional sources of energy because they cannot be exhausted.

There is a separate government department for this mission called ‘department of non-conventional sources of energy.’ The non-conventional source of energy is less expensive than the conventional source of energy.

People are trying to use it in their everyday lives. Examples of non-conventional sources of energy are water, tides, sun, biomass, etc.

Uses of non-conventional sources of energy are as follows:

  1. Water-Water is used to produce electricity. Hydroelectric plants are used for this energy development.
  2. Sun – Solar energy is used in both domestic and industrial areas. The solar panels trap the heat and convert it into heat energy. They are used in cooking and for generating hot water. Solar energy can be used at night, too, because of its solar panels.
  3. Biomass We get biomass from plants, animals, and seaweed. They are used as a substitute for natural has. After its use, the remains can be used as manure for increasing the soil’s fertility.
RECOMMENDED  Difference Between Heat and Temperature (With Table)
Non Conventional Sources Of Energy
Non-Conventional Sources Of Energy

Main Differences Between Conventional and Non-Conventional Sources Of Energy

  1. The conventional sources of energy can be used once, whereas we can use non-conventional sources of energy multiple times.
  2. The conventional sources of energy cause pollution, but the non-conventional sources of energy are environment-friendly.
  3. The conventional sources of energy will get exhausted in the future. On the other hand, the non-conventional sources of energies are non-exhaustible and are available abundantly in nature.
  4. The maintenance and expenditure for using conventional sources of energy are very high, whereas it’s comparatively lesser for non-conventional sources of energy.
  5. The conventional source of energy is used in the commercial and industrial areas, whereas the non-conventional source of energy is used in domestic life.
  6. The conventional sources of energies need microchip to function, whereas non-conventional sources of energies can function with or without any chip.
  7. Conventional sources of energy are used for a long time, but the non-conventional sources of energy have been in use in the recent past.

 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) About Conventional and Non-Conventional Sources Of Energy

🌕 What are the advantages of non-conventional sources of energy?

Non-conventional sources of energy are the ones that are not man-made. They are natural and available in abundance. But the judicious use of these resources is very necessary.

They are the cleanest sources of energy which do not result in generating any sort of pollution. They are cheap and can also be reused.

🌕 What are the advantages of conventional sources of energy?

The conventional sources of energy are the manmade sources which provide energy for various operation.

The advantages of using conventional sources of energy are as follows:
Energy generation is easy using the conventional sources of energy and also the scope of their usage is much wider.

They are easily accessible and have become the basis of energy generation for many industries.

🌈 Why is renewable energy so important?

Renewable energy is that energy that can be reused and regenerated. Thus, it does not result in the depletion of many natural resources from the planet.

These types of energy are generated from winds, tides, sunlight, etc. which are natural phenomena and occur on a daily basis. Thus, using these sources is very important.

🌞 What are the advantages and disadvantages of solar energy?

The advantages of solar energy include that sunlight is available free of cost, is available in abundance, is pollution-free and does not result in the emission of any greenhouse gases.

The disadvantages of solar energy include that the sun doesn’t shine for all 24 hours and at the same time if clouds are present then this energy cannot be used.

Which non-conventional energy was first used by a human being?

Tidal energy was the first non-conventional source of energy used by human beings. Tidal energy was first used as a medium by human beings to transport themselves from one place to another.

They used to float wooden planks on the river or ocean and using the tides, they traveled while sitting on it.

What is geothermal energy in simple words?

Geothermal energy is one of the oldest forms of natural source of energy present in the world. The earth’s crust has pressure difference because of the different temperature patches, this gives rise to the geothermal energy.

It is used in the generation of clean electricity and steam. It can be derived from volcanoes or from the radioactive decay of certain substances.

🌈 What is alternative energy?

Alternative energy refers to the energy which is produced from alternate energy sources. They are also called renewable energy resources.

The energy generated from these sources is clean, does not generate any pollution, is cheap and abundantly available in the atmosphere. It just needs to be collected and utilized using certain tools and equipment.


 

Infographic

Conventional Sources of Energy vs Non-Conventional Sources of Energy

 

Conclusion

Every day, due to rapid industrialization and growing populations, we need more sources of energy. To develop energy, we have been using conventional sources for a long time.

But as they are exhaustible, it is best to find its alternative for future generations. Non-conventional sources are environment-friendly and non-exhaustible.

They are the energy sources of the future. There have been many efforts to replace the conventional sources of energy, and we have succeeded in the domestic area, but not much progress is made in the commercial area.

For now, both the energies are dependent on each other.


 

Word Cloud for Difference Between Conventional and Non-Conventional Sources Of Energy

The following is a collection of the most used terms in this article on Conventional and Non-Conventional Sources Of Energy. This should help in recalling related terms as used in this article at a later stage for you.

Conventional and Non Conventional Sources Of Energy
Word Cloud for Conventional and Non-Conventional Sources Of Energy

 

References

  1. https://aip.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1063/1.3120108
  2. https://inis.iaea.org/search/search.aspx?orig_q=RN:29036739

Leave a Comment