Difference Between Corn and Bunion (With Table)

Corn and Bunion are two infection-causing diseases that are usually found in humans. Many people take them for normal allergies and do not take proper precautions to avoid them from happening or to cure them once they happen. Therefore, it is important to understand these two and the differences between the two so that one can recognize if this happened to him and can cure it as well.  

Corn vs Bunion 

The difference between Corn and Bunion is that the former the first was a specific kind of allergy in which the thick skin of the foot gets infected and produces inflammation. But on the contrary, the latter refers to a complication in the feet of a person in which his first toe gets bent towards the second toe a little more than it should be.  

Corn is popularly known by another name that is callous and refers to a specific allergy that is noticed in the area of the feet of a person. In this disease, the skin of the person gets thickened and pale yellow due to the infection. It is basically seen on the outer surface and can be treated by the use of proper ointments and certain antibiotic medications. 

But on the contrary, Bunion refers to a completely different medical complication that is noticed in the feet only. This disease basically causes complications in the bone structure of the feet and makes the first toe bent towards the second toe. It is a severe disease as compared to the previous one. 

Comparison Table Between Corn and Bunion 

Parameters of Comparison  Corn  Bunion  
Meaning  It refers to the skin of the feet of a person that gets inflamed due to certain reasons it refers to the complications in the bone of the first toe of people due to certain reasons 
Another name  Callus  Hallux valgus 
Affected area It can affect hands, feet, and other areas too. It can affect only the feet. 
Symptoms  Inflamed area of skin all over the hand or the feet. Bended first tow towards the second toe. 
Caused by In most cases, it is caused due to the following reasons wearing a shoe without socks staying in polluted water, wearing very tight shoes, etc. In most cases, it is caused due to the following reasons- Wearing very tight shoes because of genetics because of arthritis. 
Treatment  It is treated by several medications and pain-relieving ointments. It is initially treated by building relaxed shoes and using the proper amount of rest but eventually can lead to surgery as well. 
Severity  it happens to be a less severe disease it happens to be a more severe disease. 

What is Corn? 

Known by the popular name callus, corn is a very infamous disease that is common in many people. While it is mostly seen affecting the feet of a person, it is not just limited to the feet only and can affect the hands in the other parts of the body as well. 

This disease can be easily recognized as it creates patches of inflamed skin upon the affected area, and this inflamed skin looks pale yellow in its color. There can be many types of this disease as there are some that cause soft and delicate inflamed areas, while the others cause hard inflamed areas. 

The reason behind the occurrence of this disease is mostly the tight shoes that a person wears. It is not about the shoes but the pressure that is put upon the feet because of which defeat gets unable to respire. Sometimes when a person wears shoes without wearing socks beneath them, it can also become a huge reason that can cause this disease. 

But if we look at the bright side, this disease can be cured by the use of certain medication remedies and certain ointments. The use of ice on the affected skin can also help reduce inflammation.  

What is Bunion? 

A bunion is scientifically known as hallux valgus, and due to this disease, the patient receives a very uncommon and ugly shape of feet, and it is relatively tough to treat as it not only impacts the outer skin but the inner bones as well. It causes complications in the bones of the feet and is treated by harsh techniques. 

Unlike the previous one, it only affects the feet of a person and causes complications in the bone of the first toe. If we look at the reasons behind this disease, the most popular one happens to be genetics.  

Experts say that wearing tight shoes or wearing high heels can cause complications in the bone, but they cannot entirely start the disease. This means that the condition comes into existence due to the genetics of a person, and it gets increased due to other reasons. 

If this disease is diagnosed at its initial stage, it can be treated with the use of certain medical remedies and proper rest. But if the situation worsens, surgery remains the only option available.  

Main Differences Between Corn and Bunion 

  1. While on one side, corn refers to the skin of the feet of a person that gets inflamed. But Bunion, on the other side, is the bending first toe of a person towards the second toe. 
  2. Corn is also known as callus, while bunion is also known as hallux valgus. 
  3. Corn can affect the hand of a person or the feet of a person, but Bunion, on the other hand, can affect the feet only. 
  4. The treatment for Corn includes medications and ointments, while treatment for Bunion can include medications along with surgery. 
  5. Corn is a less severe disease as compared to a bunion, on the other hand. 


We often face diseases like fever, cold, or injury and find them easy to cure because we know what they are and how they can be treated. But there are certain diseases or problems with the human body that are very common as an occurrence, but many people fail to understand what they really mean and how they can be treated to their full extent. 

As mentioned earlier, Corn and Bunion are two such diseases that can severely impact the feet of a person. While the former happens to be less severe than the other, they both can be a matter of worry for a person. Corn, on the other hand, can be treated at home as well, but Bunion requires medical supervision. And to know how these diseases should be taken at their initial stage, it is crucial to have known their differences. 


  1. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.3109/17453679508995592 
  2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1406926/  
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