Difference Between Democracy and Dictatorship

There are various government structures throughout the world. Different nations, mostly based on location, political affiliations, and religious beliefs, are governed differently.


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In comparing political systems, democracy and dictatorship are two forms of governance that frequently conflict with each other.

Democracy is the most preferred governing system, while many dislike dictatorships. This article aims to analyze and contrasting democracy and dictatorship as governing structures.

Democracy vs Dictatorship

The difference between Democracy and Dictatorship is that Democracy is a form of government which is of the people, for the people and by the people, run by the representatives elected by the citizens. Dictatorship is a form of government where a single individual or some people possess all the powers to rule over the country.

Democracy vs Dictatorship

Why are these two words so often paired? This is presumably because one would say that they are exact opposites.

Where democracy is focused on empowering citizens to govern the nation by majority voting laws, a dictatorship strips away all power and puts it in the control a single, supreme ruler.


Comparison Table

Parameter of ComparisonDemocracyDictatorship
LeadershipThe head of the party in a country that gets the most support becomes the leader, but also needs to take responsibility for ensuring the well-being of their party and the electorate.There is only a single ruler in a dictatorship who has full power over the party and the nation. They are also depicted by misinformation and sincere support as heroes of the nation.
ElectionPolitical parties in society represent diverse views and the battle for the electorate’s votes. Political control is provided in a country through a free and fair election.Under a dictatorship, the government actively regulates the number of political parties in the entire country and sometimes bans or narrowly regulates political associations and gatherings.
Press and Human RightsThe media in a democratic country are entitled to publish the facts and will blame the government for mistakes or discrepancies.The freedoms of individual citizens are forgotten in a dictatorship. All people are subjected to rules, policing, monitoring, and brutality by the system. The most critical aspect of a dictatorship is government and power.
Political partiesDemocracy is also defined by less influence over the variety of political parties in a country, and people enjoy the right to create and join the political parties of their preference.Only a single party is permitted in a dictatorship.  The existing government undermines and prohibits any opposition. Oppositions or elections are not permitted in dictatorial nations.
People’s livesIn a democracy, the state has little power over how citizens use their resources and what they participate in. Citizens have the right to join associations, political parties, and other organizations.The dictatorial government governs each aspect of people’s lives, such as the press, the movies, and magazines.


What is Democracy?

Ideally, authority arises from the people in a democratic state.

It is an election where people of a given place are eligible to vote for a candidate that they feel best can fulfill his or her specific needs and wishes if he or she is in a position of power (whether it’s government, country, state, region, etc.)

Therefore, participation is the primary concept of democracy. Although the citizens themselves cannot create and execute laws, it is assumed that the elect should work on behalf of them.

It implies, of example, that citizens in their areas are underrepresented because their chosen representative is not elected.

That can contribute to a bit of a revolt, because if there is a mass movement of support for a new contender, the existing representative may not secure the re-election.

Of course, there are often instances in which the political office does not execute on their commitments to the voters who voted for them, which renders it difficult to seek re-election.


What is Dictatorship?

Dictatorship is a system of government in which the majority, if not all, of control, is granted to one person. People that are ruled have no choice about the manner they are governed and are powerless to bring any adjustments to the governmental system.

Though democracy thrives on equality, dictatorship thrives on exploitation. there are no fair polls to be conducted, and there is a little possibility of getting rid of the dictator.

Human rights problems are often related to dictatorships, rendering them far more complicated to live under than in democracy.

It is deemed the worst type of government since voters are not allowed to choose the representatives of their preference, so whatever actions the governments take, they are still viewed with a critical eye.

Individuals may reap significant gains under this system of government since there is no one to monitor how things are done.

There are still other benefits, for instance, while a federal government is in a state of turmoil, it might not be allowed to impose stringent measures against citizens as they may have political affiliations or appear to believe like they owe citizens something.

Yet the dictator will take drastic measures in a dictatorship to prevent such occurrences.


Main Differences Between Democracy and Dictatorship

  1. Democracy is the governance of several individuals who are chosen by the voters, while dictatorship is the governance by one individual who is not appointed by the citizens.
  2. There are lesser opportunities of any kind of coup taking place in a democratic system, since individuals elect the ones they want, while the probability of more turmoil is great in dictatorship since people tend to get tired of people running the government.
  3. People tend to engage in the growth of their nation in a democratic setting whereas they are likely to become uninterested in whatever occurs in their nation when they have no chance to take part in any role in a dictatorship type of government.
  4. The democratic system of governance may be of various forms, whereas there is only a single category of dictatorship.
  5. Much of the time, the army becomes active as a dictator begins to govern while the army distances itself from governance, and politics becomes kept away from politics in a democratic setting.
  6. A democratic structure means that no person will govern for a long period, however, in a dictatorship, individuals may govern for decades.
  7. The Democratic government makes all responsible for their acts and monitors all decisions whereas there is no such situation under a dictatorship.
Difference Between Democracy and Dictatorship


  1. https://www.coris.uniroma1.it/sites/default/files/mcfaul.pdf
  2. https://biblat.unam.mx/hevila/ReflexionpoliticaBucaramanga/2007/vol9/no18/14.pdf
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