Difference Between Developed Countries and Developing Countries

When it comes to prosperity and financial stability, the countries can divided into two categories known as developed and developing countries.

Developed Countries vs Developing Countries

The main difference between Developed Countries and Developing Countries is that developed countries are self-sufficient and developed in terms of industries and economies. Developing countries are not self-sufficient. The rate of unemployment and poverty is low in developed countries and is high in developing countries.

Developed Countries vs Developing Countries

Industrial growth is high in developed countries, whereas developing countries depend on developed countries.

Comparison Table Between Developed Countries and Developing Countries

Parameter of ComparisonDeveloped CountriesDeveloping Countries
EconomyIndustrializedService-based; agrarian
RatesLow infant mortality rate; high literacy rate; a higher rate of skilled workersA high rate of illiteracy; a high infant mortality rate
Living ConditionsGood and safeModerate but dangerous at times

What is a Developing Country?

The best way to define a developing country would be a nation that has a much lower industrial base than a developed country. This means that the country in question usually has a much lower GDP than established countries.

Of course, when it comes to the term “developing”, it is important to note that scholars disagree on just which countries fit this category. However, it generally is defined as a “currently observed situation”, and developing countries often have several characteristics:

1) Low levels of access to basic hygiene, sanitation, and safe drinking water.

These are all things that we in developing countries take for granted, but many third-world countries don’t have this. The lack of clean drinking water is part of the reason why developing countries often have a lot of problems with sickness and infectious diseases.

2) Low education levels.

For a society to progress, people need to be educated. This is often lacking in a developing country.

Education can help them properly solve problems, have access to new farming and cultivation methods, and many other advancement strategies.

3) High incidence of infectious diseases.

In a developing country, many of the common childhood infectious diseases still have a stronghold. Not only that, but they often can be deadly. Conditions such as measles, chickenpox, and malaria can wipe out a generation in some cases.

Developing Country

What is a Developed Country?

By the same token, several characteristics would define a developed country.

There is an old saying that goes, “…as long as they keep the trains coming on time.” This means infrastructure! and this is one of the hallmarks of a developed country. They have an organized infrastructure throughout their roads, transportation, and other areas. Of course, that is just the start.

Here are some extra areas that define a fully developed country:

1) Developed countries have a higher Human Development Index (HDI)

The Human Development Index (HDI) is a measure adopted by the United Nations that is one way to fully gauge not only a prosperous economy but also what a country does with its economy as well.

2) Developed countries will usually have a higher net wealth per capita.

One of the things that would go hand-in-hand with the Human Development Index (HDI) would be the relative net wealth of a country.

Naturally, an established country is going to have a lot more individuals who are also in a better personal financial situation.

Developed Country

Main Differences Between Developed Countries and Developing Countries

Of course, this all begs the question, just what would a couple of defining characteristics that would differentiate between developed and developing countries? When it comes to a fully established country, here are some things to keep in mind:

  1. They have good living conditions.
  2. They possess a high standard of living, and
  3. A developed country would have solid factors of production.
Difference Between Developed Countries and Developing Countries

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) About Developed Countries and Developing Countries

Why do Developed Countries use more resources than Developing Countries?

Developed countries use more resources because they depend less on labor and more on machines. Developed countries use resources in almost every activity they carry out.
For example – You will find automatic car washers in developed countries rather than developing countries.
A car washer is going to use much more water. More machines are used instead of labor hence increase energy consumption. More electricity is generated in developed countries to avoid power cuts. It simply means more use of coal and water.
Developed countries are also open to carrying out new technological experiments. All these cost a lot more resources as compared to developing countries.

What is the #1 energy source used in Developing Countries?

Fossil fuel is the #1 energy source used in developing countries. Fossil fuels can be divided into three categories:
1) Oil
2) Coal, and
3) Natural gas

Which country produces the most renewable energy?

China produces the most renewable energy in the world followed by the United States of America and Brazil. Canada and India are at the 4th and 5th spots.
In terms of cleanest electricity production per person, Iceland tops the list. It produces almost 100% of its energy with renewable resources.

How Developed Countries Help Developing Countries?

Developed countries help developing countries in three major ways.
Healthcare – Developed countries help developing countries with healthcare. It is observed that many people in developing countries suffer from a lack of proper medical attention. Developed countries open medical camps in developing countries that help in providing medical attention to those who cannot afford expensive treatment. Many developed countries provide advance healthcare training to doctors from developing countries.
Economy – Developed countries try to help developing countries by reducing the rate of tariffs hence promoting international trade. They also provide funds to set up industries in developing countries. Many companies from developed countries work in collaboration with companies in developing countries. It provides labor to the people and the products manufactured are usually cheaper.
Education – Many developed countries provide better education opportunities to developing countries in the form of scholarships.


As you can see, there are many differences between a developed country and a developing country.

A developed country will always be self-contained, and they will flourish even when they don’t get very much outside assistance. A developing country will need a lot of help in many different areas to operate effectively.

Either way, the main thing to remember is that a developed nation is now sovereign; whereas a developing country is still working to reach that same goal.


  1. https://www.un.org/en/development/desa/policy/wesp/wesp_current/2014wesp_country_classification.pdf
  2. https://www.scielosp.org/article/bwho/2001.v79n10/963-970/en/
  3. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2393424/pdf/bullwho00035-0105.pdf
  4. https://www.nber.org/chapters/c5842.pdf
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