Difference Between Disinfect and Sanitize (With Table)

Disinfection is the process of killing disease-causing organisms, germs, and pathogens. Bacterial spores, on the other hand, are not killed during this process. Sanitising is a method that lowers or reduces the amount or quantity of germs on exposed surfaces or items to a level that is not dangerous, or in other words, safe. Standards for public health have provided this reference.

Disinfect vs Sanitize

The difference between disinfecting and Sanitize is that, When it comes to viruses, disinfection is a better option. Disinfection is not prevalent in everyday activities, but it is common in medical equipment and institutions. However, When a virus-related sickness occurs, sanitising is not an option; instead, disinfection is the best alternative. Sanitation is a frequent household procedure.

Disinfection is a technique that focuses on eradicating and killing germs and other disease-causing bacteria. Microorganisms are killed during disinfection. It does not affect bacterial spores, though. The process of disinfection follows the cleaning process, which involves the removal of dust and filth followed by the sanitising process. As a result, it can be considered the last stage in any cleaning procedure.

Sanitization is a process that focuses on minimising the number of germs and disease-causing bacteria. The quantity of germs and bacteria existing on the surface or anywhere else is lowered during the sanitising procedure. This mechanism, however, has little effect on viruses. Sanitizing follows the cleaning procedure, which removes pollutants, bacteria, and allergies.

Comparison Table Between Disinfect and Sanitize

Parameters of ComparisonDisinfectSanitize
ProcessThe disease-causing organisms and pathogens are killed. The quantity of germs on exposed surfaces of objects is lowered to such a level that is not harmful.
Emphasises onEliminating germsReducing germs
StepSecond step after cleaningFinal step
ExceptionBacterial sporesVirus
Suitable forHospitalsHouseholds

What is Disinfect?

Disinfection is the process of destroying disease-causing organisms, germs, and pathogens. Bacterial spores, on the other hand, are not killed in this process. Disinfection is a process that focuses on eradicating and eliminating germs and other disease-causing bacteria.

Microorganisms are killed during the disinfection procedure. Bacterial spores, on the other hand, are unaffected. The disinfection process follows the cleaning process, which involves the removal of dust and filth followed by the sanitising procedure. As a result, it can be thought of as the ultimate step in any cleaning procedure.

When it comes to diseases caused by viruses, disinfection is a preferable option. In the case of domestic activities, disinfecting is not as common as it is in the case of medical equipment and hospitals.

What is Sanitize?

Sanitising is a method for lowering or reducing the number or amount of germs on exposed surfaces or items to a level that is not dangerous, or in other words, safe. Public health standards have provided this reference. Sanitizing is a process that focuses on lowering the number of germs and disease-causing bacteria.

The quantity of germs and bacteria existing on the surface or elsewhere is lowered throughout the sanitising procedure. Viruses, on the other hand, are unaffected by this procedure. Sanitizing is done after the cleaning process, which removes pollutants, bacteria, and allergies.

As a result, after starting the cleaning procedure, sanitising might be regarded as the second stage. However, disinfection, which is the ultimate stage, is occasionally performed after this process. When a virus-related sickness is present, sanitising is not a viable option; instead, disinfection is the best alternative. In most houses, sanitising is a frequent procedure.

Main Differences Between Disinfect and Sanitize

  1. Disinfecting is a procedure in which the disease-causing organisms, microorganisms and pathogens are killed. However, in this process, bacterial spores are not killed. On the other hand, sanitising refers to a procedure in which the number or quantity of germs on exposed surfaces or objects is lowered or reduced to such a level that is not harmful, or in other words, is safe. This reference has been given by public health standards.
  2. Disinfection is a procedure that emphasizes eliminating and killing germs or any other potential disease-causing microbes. On the other hand, sanitizing is a procedure that emphasizes reducing the number of germs and the number of diseases causing microbes.
  3. In the process of disinfection, microorganisms are killed. However, it doesn’t have any effect on bacterial spores. On the other hand, in the process of sanitising, the number of germs and bacteria are reduced present on the surface or anywhere else. However, this process does not have any effect on viruses.
  4. After the process of cleaning, which involves the removal of dust and dirt followed by the process of sanitising, comes the process of disinfection. Thus, it can be considered as the final step in any cleaning process. On the other hand, after the process of cleaning, where the impurities, germs, allergens are removed, sanitising is done. Thus, sanitising can be considered as the second step after the commencement of the cleaning process. However, this process is sometimes followed by disinfecting, which is the final step.
  5. When a disease related to viruses is concerned, the process of disinfecting is a better choice. On the other hand, when a disease related to viruses is occurring, sanitizing can not be a good option. Rather for this purpose, disinfecting is best.
  6. Disinfecting is not that common in the case of household activities. However, it is common in the case of medical equipment and hospitals. On the other hand, Sanitising is a common process that is involved in households.

Conclusion

Disinfection is the process of killing pathogens, germs, and disease-causing organisms. Bacterial spores, however, are not eliminated in this process. Disinfection is a technique for removing and killing germs and other disease-causing bacteria. Microorganisms are killed during the disinfecting procedure. On the other hand, bacterial spores are unaffected.

The disinfection process follows the cleaning procedure, which entails the removal of dust and filth followed by sanitization. As a result, it is the last stage in any cleaning procedure. When it comes to viruses, disinfection is the preferable option. Disinfection isn’t prevalent in domestic activities, but it is in medical equipment and hospitals.

Sanitising is a process that lowers or reduces the number or amount of germs on exposed surfaces or items to a safe level. Public health standards provided this reference. Sanitizing is a process that focuses on lowering germs and disease-causing bacteria. The quantity of germs and bacteria existing on the surface or elsewhere is reduced throughout the sanitization procedure.

Viruses, however, are unaffected by this procedure. Sanitisation is carried out after the cleaning procedure, which removes pollutants, bacteria, and allergens. As a result, after starting the cleaning procedure, sanitising is the next step. However, disinfection, which is the last stage, is occasionally performed after this procedure.

References

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1438463910000477
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S016816050900289X
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