Difference Between Educational Psychology and School Psychology (With Table)

Learning highly depends on the mindset and behavior of a person. Learning is a process of understanding a concept or a subject by reading through the materials and evaluating the material in the mind. Thus the ability of a person to process the concepts in mind plays a huge role in learning a subject.

Educational Psychology vs School Psychology

The main difference between Educational Psychology and School Psychology is that Educational Psychology is a study of behavior and it works towards the psychology behind educating humans. School Psychology on the other hand is involved in solving the learning difficulties and dilemmas that children and adolescents face while learning something. Most of the time, these difficulties are related to the behavior of the student.

Educational psychology is the branch of psychology that deals with educating children, adolescents, and students of all ages. This field of psychology uses different approaches such as a reward-feedback mechanism to learn about the different ways in which a subject can be taught more effectively to students, making them more engaged in the subject.

School Psychology on the other hand is involved in solving the learning difficulties that students face. The learning curve of each student is different and thus the pace at which different students grasp a topic also varies a lot. Thus school psychology is responsible for understanding and solving such learning-related issues.

Comparison Table Between Educational Psychology and School Psychology

Parameters of ComparisonEducational PsychologySchool Psychology
DefinitionEducational Psychology is the branch of psychology that deals with educating students of all agesSchool psychology is responsible for understanding and solving the learning difficulties that students face
Principles usedIn educational psychology, qualitative and quantitative research methods are used to gather data and compute outcomesSchool psychology mainly applies the principles of clinical psychology to solve the problems of individual students
RequirementsTo become an Educational Psychologist, one must obtain a Masters in Educational PsychologyTo become a school psychologist, one must have a Bachelors in Psychology
ApproachStudies conducted in Educational psychology are batch-wise and are conducted on groups of students Studies conducted in School psychology are mostly on an individual basis
OutcomesThe results obtained by educational psychological analysis help in creating more effective study materials and teaching techniquesThe results obtained in clinical psychology of students in school help in understanding the behavioral patterns of students

What is Educational Psychology?

Educational Psychology is the branch of psychology that deals with educating children, adolescents, grownups, and students of all ages. It aims to find out more effective ways of teaching. Educational Psychology is an old branch and it has been around since the 17th century. The goal of the branch was to identify the different aspects of teaching that help students learn a subject better.

Thus this field relies heavily on experimentation and examination to find out the effects of different teaching approaches on students. Thus it uses qualitative analysis techniques to find out the effectiveness of different teaching methods. The studies are conducted in groups, with a batch of subjects in each study. This helps in generating a diverse and richer dataset for researchers and psychologists to analyze.

The outcome of the experiments and test conducted by Educational Psychologists help schools and other educational institutions to make better study material and books by understanding and eliminating the shortcomings in their teaching materials and techniques. Thus the findings of educational psychology help the educational institutions in a broader and deeper sense, by detailing the shortcomings and problems that particular teaching methods and teaching materials have, and how these shortcomings can be eliminated and how the teaching method can be made more effective.

What is School Psychology?

School Psychology is the study of understanding the difficulties and problems that individual students face while studying and finding out solutions to these problems. Thus school psychology is a hands-on study that tries to deal with each student’s problems individually. Thus school psychology takes the approach of clinical psychology to solve the problems of students.

As it is a hands-on approach, often the experiments and other testing procedures are conducted on individual subjects. The results obtained are also related to the problems of the particular student, rather than the entire class of students. Often the learning difficulties and dilemmas faced by students are closely related to the behavioral patterns of the students in a social environment such as a school classroom.

School psychology aims to solve the learning difficulties related to a particular student. Thus the outcomes obtained after psychological analysis pertain to the behavioral patterns of that particular student. With a hands-on approach to students’ problems, a deep insight into the social behavior of the student can be obtained, which can then be efficiently treated. Thus, this is a highly beneficial process for the growth and development of the students, helping them co-operate better in a social environment.

Main Differences Between Educational Psychology and School Psychology

  1. Educational Psychology is that branch of psychology that deals with educating students. School Psychology is responsible for understanding and solving the learning difficulties faced by individual students.
  2. Educational Psychology makes use of qualitative and quantitative research methods to gather data and process the information. In School Psychology the principles of clinical psychology are applied to solve individual problems.
  3. A degree in Educational Psychology is necessary t become an Educational Psychologist. To become a School Psychologist, Bachelors in Psychology is the only requirement.
  4. Batch studies are conducted in Educational Psychology. School Psychology is a hands-on approach.
  5. The results obtained from Educational Psychology tests help schools and universities prepare better study material for students. School Psychology tests provide insight into the behavioral patterns of individual students.

Conclusion

Psychology is the study of the human mind and depending on the approach and the subjects of a study, the outcomes can vary drastically.

Both Educational Psychology and School Psychology are branches of psychology that help in solving the problems and issues related to learning.

Educational Psychology is a broader approach, as it aims to solve the problems in education, pertaining specifically to the inefficiency and shortcomings of study materials, books, and so on.

School Psychology on the other hand aims to solve the issues and difficulties that individual students face while learning.

As different students have different mindsets and show different behavioral patterns, the problems of individual students are also vastly different.

References

  1. https://psycnet.apa.org/record/1994-97058-000
  2. https://psycnet.apa.org/record/1989-98516-000
  3. http://www.naspcenter.org/blueprint/FinalBlueprintInteriors.pdf
  4. https://psycnet.apa.org/record/2012-27019-020
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