Educational Psychology vs School Psychology: Difference and Comparison

Learning highly depends on the mindset and behavior of a person. Learning is a process of understanding a concept or a subject by reading through the materials and evaluating the material in mind.

Key Takeaways

  1. Educational psychology studies learning processes, teaching methods, and educational interventions across various age groups.
  2. School psychology specifically targets K-12 educational settings, helping students, educators, and families address learning, behavioral, and emotional challenges.
  3. Educational psychologists research to improve education, while school psychologists apply that knowledge directly in schools.

Educational Psychology vs School Psychology

The difference between Educational Psychology and School Psychology is that Educational Psychology is a study of behavior, and it works toward the psychology behind educating humans. School Psychology, on the other hand, is involved in solving the learning difficulties and dilemmas that children and adolescents face while learning something. Most of the time, these difficulties are related to the behavior of the student.

Educational Psychology vs School Psychology

This field of psychology uses different approaches, such as a reward-feedback mechanism, to learn about the different ways in which a subject can be taught more effectively to students, making them more engaged in the subject.

School Psychology, on the other hand, is involved in solving students’ learning difficulties. Each student’s learning curve is different, and thus the pace at which different students grasp a topic also varies a lot.

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Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonEducational PsychologySchool Psychology
DefinitionEducational Psychology is the branch of psychology that deals with educating students of all ages.School psychology is responsible for understanding and solving the learning difficulties that students face
Principles usedIn educational psychology, qualitative and quantitative research methods are used to gather data and compute outcomes.School psychology mainly applies the principles of clinical psychology to solve the problems of individual students
RequirementsTo become an Educational Psychologist, one must obtain a Master’s in Educational Psychology.To become a school psychologist, one must have a Bachelor in Psychology
ApproachStudies conducted in Educational psychology are batch-wise and are conducted on groups of students. Studies conducted in School psychology are mostly on an individual basis
OutcomesThe results obtained by educational, psychological analysis help in creating more effective study materials and teaching techniquesThe results obtained in clinical psychology of students in school help in understanding the behavioral patterns of students

What is Educational Psychology?

Educational Psychology is the branch of psychology that deals with educating children, adolescents, grownups, and students of all ages. It aims to find out more effective ways of teaching.

The studies are conducted in groups, with a batch of subjects in each study. This helps in generating a diverse and richer dataset for researchers and psychologists to analyze.

The outcome of the experiments and tests conducted by Educational Psychologists helps schools and other educational institutions to make better study materials and books by understanding and eliminating the shortcomings in their teaching materials and techniques.

What is School Psychology?

School Psychology is the study of understanding the difficulties and problems that individual students face while studying and finding out solutions to these problems. Thus school psychology is a hands-on study that tries to deal with each student’s problems individually.

As it is a hands-on approach, the experiments, and other testing procedures are often conducted on individual subjects. The results obtained are also related to the problems of the particular student rather than the entire class of students.

School psychology aims to solve the learning difficulties related to a particular student. Thus the outcomes obtained after psychological analysis pertain to the behavioral patterns of that particular student. With a hands-on approach to students’ problems, a deep insight into the student’s social behavior can be obtained, which can then be efficiently treated.

Main Differences Between Educational Psychology and School Psychology

  1. Batch studies are conducted in Educational Psychology. School Psychology is a hands-on approach.
  2. The results obtained from Educational Psychology tests help schools and universities prepare better study material for students. School Psychology tests provide insight into the behavioral patterns of individual students.
Difference Between Educational Psychology and School Psychology
References
  1. https://psycnet.apa.org/record/1994-97058-000
  2. https://psycnet.apa.org/record/1989-98516-000
  3. http://www.naspcenter.org/blueprint/FinalBlueprintInteriors.pdf
  4. https://psycnet.apa.org/record/2012-27019-020
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