Difference Between Fistula and Hemorrhoids (With Table)

Certain medical conditions lead to a type of state in which people suffer severely at the time of defecation. Some experience blood clots in stools, some experience pain and bleeding while trying to defecate. Thus, these are the common symptoms that arose in the case of medical conditions like Hemorrhoids and Fistulas.

Fistula vs Hemorrhoids

The difference between fistula and hemorrhoids is that Fistulas are treatable and preventable conditions. This medical disease can be avoided by properly treating inflammatory bowel problems at the right time. However, on the contrary, if stool softeners are used, they can help to avoid constipation by preventing bleeding during defecation. As a result, serious haemorrhoids are successfully avoided in this manner.

A fistula is a tunnel or unique link that arises in the body, particularly between two parts. Vagina and rectum, or skin and anus, are two examples of such two anatomical components. When a person or individual has a fistula, he or she is in excruciating agony, and the faeces are filthy, foul-smelling, and unpleasant. A person might become infected with fistulas for a variety of causes.

Hemorrhoids are a disorder in which the anal canal swells in size as a result of the expansion of blood vessels, which are veins outside or even inside the anal canal. Haemorrhoids cause a variety of symptoms, including extreme pain. When attempting to defecate, the person may, nevertheless, endure bleeding. Haemorrhoids can be caused by a variety of circumstances and causes.

Comparison Table Between Fistula and Hemorrhoids

Parameters of ComparisonFistulaHemorrhoids
SymptomsSevere pain, foul-smelling and unpleasant stool.Severe pain. Bleeding while trying to defecate.
CausesDifficult childbirth, experiencing trauma, Crohn’s disease.Severe constipation, bleeding while defecating, Childbirth.
Risk factorsCrohn’s disease, childbirth, surgeries.Severe and chronic constipation.
TreatmentFistulotomy surgery.Warm sitz baths, anaesthetic creams, hemorrhoidectomy surgery.
PreventionTreating inflammatory bowel problems.Use of stool softeners, preventing constipation.

What is Fistula?

A fistula is a form of tunnel or unique link in the body that arises between two parts. The pair of vagina and rectum, or the skin and the anus, are examples of such two body parts. When a person or individual has a fistula, he or she suffers from significant pain, and the faeces are smelly, foul-smelling, and unpleasant to dispose of.

A person can become infected with Fistulas for a variety of reasons. Fistulas are caused by a variety of factors, including difficulties in birthing and trauma. Crohn’s disease is another common form of inflammatory bowel illness, which can lead to fistulas.

Some inflammatory bowel disorders, such as Crohn’s disease, which comes as a result of painful delivery or surgery, are risk factors for the formation of Fistulas. Fistulas are usually treated using operations known as fistulotomy surgery.

Fistulas are both treatable and preventable conditions. This medical disease can be avoided by treating inflammatory bowel problems at the right time.

What is Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids are a disorder in which the anal canal swells in size as a result of the expansion of blood vessels, which are veins outside or even inside the anal canal in the body. When a person has haemorrhoids, he will experience a variety of symptoms, including acute pain.

However, while attempting to defecate, the person may endure bleeding. Hemorrhoids are caused by a variety of circumstances and settings. Severe constipation and faeces bleeding are two of the most common causes of haemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids can also be caused by childbirth.

Severe and chronic constipation are two risk factors that might lead to the development of haemorrhoids. In minor occurrences, haemorrhoids can be treated with warm sitz baths or anaesthetic creams, while severe cases can be treated with hemorrhoidectomy surgery.

When stool softeners are used, they can help to reduce bleeding during defecation and, as a result, constipation. As a result, serious haemorrhoids can be successfully avoided in this manner.

Main Differences Between Fistula and Hemorrhoids

  1. A fistula is a type of tunnel or unusual connection that occurs in the body, especially between two parts. Such two body parts can be pair of vagina and rectum or skin and the anus. On the other hand, Hemorrhoids refers to a condition of swelling of the anal canal in size due to the swelling of the blood vessels, which are veins, outside or even inside the canal of the anal in the body.
  2. When a person or individual has a fistula, then he or she experiences severe pain, and while discharging the stools, they appear smelly, foul-smelling and unpleasant as well. On the other hand, when a person is affected with haemorrhoids, he experiences certain symptoms, which include severe pain. However, the person can also experience bleeding while trying to defecate.
  3. There are various reasons for a person to get infected with Fistulas. Some of the main causes of Fistulas include difficulty in childbirth, experiencing some sort of trauma. Crohn’s disease is another main cause that causes inflammatory bowel conditions and finally resulting in fistulas. On the other hand, certain situations and conditions are there which trigger the cause of occurring of Hemorrhoids. Some of the major causes of haemorrhoids include severe constipation, bleeding at the time of defecation. Childbirth is another main cause of Hemorrhoids.
  4. Certain risk factors that led to the development of Fistulas includes some inflammatory bowel diseases, like Crohn’s disease, which occurs as a result of difficult childbirth or surgeries. On the other hand, certain risk factors which lead to the development of Hemorrhoids includes severe and chronic constipation.
  5. The treatment of Fistulas is generally done by surgeries, called fistulotomy surgery. On the other hand, Hemorrhoids is generally treated by warm sitz baths or anaesthetic creams in mild cases, and intense and severe cases can be treated in the process of hemorrhoidectomy surgery.
  6. The condition of fistulas can be treated and prevented as well. By treating the inflammatory bowel problems at the correct time, this medical condition can be prevented. On the other hand, if stool softeners are used, then they can prevent bleeding at the time of defecation and consequently can also prevent constipation. Thus, in this way, the condition of severe Hemorrhoids is prevented successfully.

Conclusion

Fistulas are caused by a variety of factors, including complications during childbirth and trauma. Another common cause of fistulas is Crohn’s disease, which results in inflammatory bowel illness. Some inflammatory bowel disorders, such as Crohn’s disease, which develops as a result of traumatic delivery or surgery, are among the risk factors that led to the formation of Fistulas. Fistulas are usually treated through operations known as fistulotomy.

Whereas severe constipation and bleeding when defecating are two of the most common causes of haemorrhoids. Haemorrhoids can also be brought on by childbirth. Severe and persistent constipation are some of the risk factors that might lead to the development of haemorrhoids. In moderate circumstances, haemorrhoids can be treated with warm sitz baths or anaesthetic creams; in more severe ones, hemorrhoidectomy surgery might be used.

References

  1. https://academic.oup.com/jnci/article-abstract/81/22/1726/903580
  2. https://europepmc.org/article/med/24606821
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