Difference Between Goat and Cow Milk (With Table)

Milk is one of the nutritious foods that has been used by humans for a long time. Milk can be used in different ways, such as butter, ice cream, condensed milk, dried milk, and cheese.

Among other beverages, milk is considered to be the most nutritious one as it contains vitamins, protein, minerals, and other nutritious values. The most popular types of milk are goat milk and cow milk.

Goat vs Cow Milk

The difference between goat and cow milk is that goat milk is healthier as it does not contain casein which is important for lactose-intolerant people, while cow milk contains casein which can aggravate the immune system.

Goat milk helps in reducing weight, increase the digestion, strengthen bones, immunity, and metabolism; prevent toxins from accumulating in the body. It contains selenium which is an essential trace mineral that supports the immune system. It can be digested easily as it has smaller fat globules. Goat milk is also a rich source of protein which helps in the growth and development of bones and muscles.

Cow milk is one of the most popular products in the dairy industry. It contains vitamin B12, which many people are deficient in. This milk is rich in Amino acid, which helps to get a good sleep at night as it calms the senses. It lowers the risk of cancer, reduces cholesterol and high blood pressure.

Comparison Table Between Goat and Cow Milk

Parameters of comparison Goat Milk Cow Milk
TasteSweeter than cow milk and somewhat goaty in taste.Less sweet than goat milk but neutral in taste.
AppearanceWhiteYellowish
DigestionEasily digested as compared to cow milk.Less easily digested as compared to goat milk.
LactoseLactose is about 12 % less per cup than cow milk.Lactose is present
Vitamin and Mineral contentVitamin A and D and the minerals calcium and selenium are higher in goat milk.Vitamin B12 and folic acid are found more in cow milk.

What is Goat Milk?

Goat milk is obtained from domestic goats. It contains highly nutritious elements like vitamins and minerals. It is the best source of protein, contains less sugar and lactose.

Goat milk, when used raw, can help in healing a lot of diseases. It also helps in recovering from viral diseases and improving platelet count in the blood during dengue, as well as its antibodies help in recovering from jaundice.

Goat milk strengthens the ability of the human body system to absorb important nutrients from other foods. Goat milk can also be used by people who are lactose intolerant and have gut issues like gas, acidity, constipation, and poor digestion.

It has more amounts of protein, calcium, vitamins, and healthy fats than any other milk. It keeps bones strong. It also helps in losing weight as 100 grams of goat milk will give 69 calories. Goat milk has a little piquant flavor, mild, sweet, and creamy taste. It contains caproic acid, which is an enzyme that makes it taste ‘goaty’ with time. So fresh milk should be processed and then given to drink.

What is Cow Milk?

Cow milk is being produced and consumed mostly in the world, as it is rich in nutrients like vitamins and minerals. Cow’s milk can be used for medicinal benefits as it is considered to be a healing agent.

There are different breeds of cows that produce different types of milk with different properties. Protein in the milk is of two types- Whey protein and Casein protein. Casein makes up about 80% of the total protein present in milk.

Casein is further divided into two parts- Alpha casein and beta-casein, of which beta-casein is most common. Beta casein is in two forms A1 and A2. A1 milk is produced by a foreign breed cow or by a mixed-race cow. We get A2 milk from ancient breed cows in India and, to some extent, East African places.

A2 milk is now used in less quantity, mostly people are using A1 milk nowadays. A2 milk is healthier than A1 milk as A2 milk produces Amino acid, proline which prevents indigestion, diabetes, etc., in the body, which is not present in A1 milk.

Cow milk appears buttery yellow and is slightly sweet. Cow milk contains less fat, and hence it can also be used in weight loss.

Main Differences Between Goat and Cow Milk

  1. Goat milk contains more nutritious elements in terms of protein, calcium, vitamins, and minerals and lower fat content than cow milk. However, the components present in any type of milk depending on the animal’s breed, diet, environment, etc.
  2. Goat milk is easily digested as its fat globules are smaller, due to which digestive enzymes break the milk easily. Whereas cow milk has lower levels of short- and medium-chain fatty acids, making it harder to digest, and it depends on the type of cow milk also, i.e., A1 and A2.
  3. Goat milk has less lactose than cow milk. Some people have lower levels of lactose digestive enzyme ‘lactase,’ which makes them lactose intolerant to cow milk.
  4. Goat milk contains smaller fat globules, which make hard cheese. While cow milk has large fat globules than goat milk, which makes softer cheese.
  5. Goat milk has a larger number of prebiotic carbohydrates, which supports good bacteria in an infant’s digestive tract, which is equivalent to a human mother’s milk. While prebiotic carbohydrate is lacking in cow milk.

Conclusion

Food is necessary for life for sustenance, but milk has been proven to give nutrition of complete food. Except for vitamin C, milk has all the nutritional properties like calcium, protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins, which are necessary for the human body.

Goat milk and Cow milk both are rich in essential nutrients.

But goat milk differs in less alpha casein, small fat globules, which make it easier to digest than cow milk. Goat milk is a little pricey, and it has a slightly grassy and goaty taste that is why it is not used commonly. There should be any process to get rid of the smell, preserving nutritional value as well.

References

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921448803002724
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0889157509000350
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