Gynaecomastia vs Breast Cancer: Difference and Comparison

As per the World Health Organization, 9.8 million people died due to cancer in 2018. Also, in India, about 1300 people are dying every day due to cancer.


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Cancer has become the 2nd most reason that is causing death around the world. Cancer, a group of diseases that leads to abnormal cell growth, can spread and harm other body parts.

There are different types of cancer, and they are named after the area in which they affect the body. Out of all the types of cancer, let’s talk about Breast Cancer and other diseases like Gynaecomastia.

Key Takeaways

  1. Gynecomastia is a benign enlargement of male breast tissue, while breast cancer is a malignant growth of cells in the breast tissue.
  2. Gynecomastia presents as a symmetrical, rubbery mass beneath the nipple, whereas breast cancer may manifest as an irregular, hard lump.
  3. Gynecomastia generally results from hormonal imbalances, while breast cancer has various risk factors, including genetic predisposition and environmental influences.

Gynaecomastia vs Breast Cancer

Gynaecomastia is a common condition that causes the breast tissue in males to swell and become larger than normal. This condition is caused by an imbalance of hormones in the body. Breast cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the breast tissue. It can occur in both men and women, although it is much more common in women.

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Gynaecomastia is a non-life-threatening growth of tissue in the male breast. It is common in males. It is due to hormonal imbalance.

This disease is only associated with an increase in the overall size of the breast. Either there is a change in the shape of one side or both unevenly.

Drugs can cure but for severe cases, the requirement of surgery. There is no such close monitoring after the treatment of Gynaecomastia.

Breast Cancer is a life-threatening disease. It can occur both in males and females.

But it is higher in women than males. Sign of breast cancer is “changing in the shape of the breast, development of red patch on the skin, etc.

It is one of the reasons which led to an increase in death among women. There are different types of stages in breast cancer, i.e., from stages 0-4.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonGynaecomastiaBreast Cancer
Nature of the diseaseIt is a non- cancerous disease.It is a life threatning cancerous disease.
Occuranceonly in maleBoth male and female
Treatmenteither through drugs or operationthrough radiotherapy or chemotherapy
Cost of treatmentaffordablenot affordable for everyone
Causemainly due to harmonal disordermultiple reasons like genetic, size of breast, mutation in the BRCA1 AND BRCA2

What is Gynaecomastia?

Gynaecomastia is a common, non-life-threatening disease occurring in boys or men. An increase in the amount of breast gland tissue is due to an imbalance of hormones.

The disbalance of estrogen and testosterone is the primary reason. It occurs on either both sides or one side of the breast.

It may affect unevenly. Newly born male babies during the puberty stage or older men may be affected by Gynaecomastia.

It is the result of hormonal disbalance. There are two hormones responsible for this.

Either there is a decrease in testosterone or an increase in estrogen. Some other reasons are also responsible for Gynaecomastia.

It isn’t a severe problem. It causes pain in the breast.

Gynaecomastia is more common between the age group of 50 to 69. At least one in four men in this group are suffering from this disease.

Early medication is possible at home by following some tips like regular exercise, saying no to alcohol, no stress, proper diet, etc.


What is Breast Cancer?

Breast Cancer is a life-threatening disease. It starts in the breast, so it is called breast cancer.

In this case, cells grow at full speed. It forms tumours. Women are more vulnerable than males. Its visibility is possible in X-rays.

There are different stages(stages 0 to stage 4) of breast cancer. The doctor classifies these stages according to the size of a tumour.

In stage 0, no invasion takes place, and cancer cells are limited to within ducts. In the first stage, the growth of the tumour is up to 2 centimetres.

In the second stage, the tumour’s size is about 2 to 5 cm. In stage 3, the tumour crosses 5 cm.

In the 4th stage, it spreads to the other part like the liver, brains, etc.

The cause of breast cancer is unclear, but in maximum cases, women who carry certain types of mutation in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 have a higher chance of developing breast cancer.

Also, women with denser breasts have a chance of breast cancer. These are some of the reasons.

The treatment cost of breast cancer is not cheap. Treatment is expensive.

The death rate in women is much higher. Rarely do men die due to breast cancer.

Awareness is the need of the hour for a healthy lifestyle to avoid such diseases.

breast cancer

Main Differences Between Gynaecomastia and Breast Cancer

  1. Gynaecomastia is a non-cancerous disease. Breast cancer is a cancerous disease.
  2. Gynaecomastia is a non-life-threatening disease, whereas breast cancer is a life-threatening disease.
  3. Gynaecomastia occurs in males, but breast cancer can occur in both males and females.
  4. Treatment for Gynaecomastia is either through drugs or surgery(in severe cases). But, treatment for breast cancer is radiation therapy or chemotherapy.
  5. Diagnosis of Gynaecomastia is excellent, but the diagnosis of breast cancer depends on stages.
Difference Between Gynaecomastia and Breast Cancer



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