Gypsies and travellers are a confusion for many people even though they do have not a lot in common. The only similarity is travelling. But yet people call travellers gypsies and vice versa. There is not a lot of information regarding the travel history of these groups as it was not recorded in the past. The Irish travellers and Romani people don’t share the same genetic line, nor are they from the same place.
Gypsies vs Travellers
The difference between gypsies and travellers is that they have different origins. Although they are both nomadic groups, the two groups follow entirely different societal rules and values. They differ in their population, living style, bloodline, and areas of residence. The terms gypsy and travellers are quite confusing for many individuals. People often make the mistake of calling someone a gypsy or a traveller because they travel a lot.
Gypsies are people who originated from India and later moved to other European countries. They have their customs, beliefs, moral code of conduct and rituals that they pass to their children. They maintain their cultural identity by interacting with their community. Non-Roma people are called Gadje by the gypsies.
Travellers are people who refer to themselves as Minceirs. They are an ethnocultural group. They constitute 0.7 per cent of the total population in Ireland. This group is facing a lot of challenges in terms of racism, unemployment, accommodation, education, and healthcare. They generally travel from place to place in a caravan and sell their craftworks. They don’t have a permanent home.
Comparison Table Between Gypsies and Travellers
|Parameters of Comparison||Gypsies||Travellers|
|Migrated to||Eastern European countries||Ireland, The UK, and the USA|
|Appearance||Indian Or Egyptian look||Irish look|
What are Gypsies?
Gypsies or Gipsies are Romani people who belong to an Indo- Aryan ethnic group. They are nomadic people who got into Europe between the eighth and tenth centuries. The stereotypical connotations linked with the exonyms for these people in different languages were rejected in the 1970s. Their language is Romani. They have subgroups which are called “tribes” or “nations”.
The Roma people live in America, Brazil, and Canada as well. The people migrated to these regions in colonial times. It was during the Second World War, Romani people were exterminated and imprisoned in concentration camps. Many were killed.
The culture and societal values of the Roma people are centred on family values. Men and women got married at a young age. Another rule is about virginity in unmarried women. Women in the community are given the responsibility of taking care of the children and family. According to their power hierarchy, the oldest man is the most powerful.
Their social behaviours are based on Indian social customs. Birth, menstruation, death, and body emissions are treated as impure. The family of the dead is also considered impure for a while. The Roma people bury the dead.
People in this group are mainly Christians. Some of them still follow their ancient faith. They were initially Hindus, and later when they migrated to various regions, they started following the regional religions. The Romani people are discriminated against even in Europe, and they are considered poor, antisocial, and inappropriate people. Roma special schools were started to reduce the bullying from non-Roma children.
Countries even took initiatives to relocate the community to their original nations. There are different organizations and projects for protecting the interests of the community, like the World Romani Congress, Gypsy Lore Society, and International Romani Union.
What are Travellers?
The travellers are of Irish descent. They originate from Ireland. The majority of the people in this community are Catholic, as it was the main religion in Ireland. Their language is English and Shelta. Travellers are called gypsies even though they are not connected genetically.
Irish travellers live in Ireland, America, the United Kingdom, and Canada. They are called Pavees or the walking people. They have higher rates of fertility. They get married during their late teens. Marrying from the same kinship is common among them. They don’t have a religious ceremony for marriage. The travellers were recognized as indigenous ethnic minorities in 2017.
The discrimination against this community increased suicide rates and mental health issues. They have poor health and education. Shortage of accommodation is also a challenge for these people. Many traditional craftworks were done by the people in this community. They had special skills in tin-smithing.
The beady pocket made by the women in this community is famous. It is a handbag in which they store their valuables. They uphold family values and often go for religious pilgrimages.
Main Differences Between Gypsies and Travellers
- Gypsies have their origins in India, but travellers are from Ireland.
- The Roma gypsies speak Romani and other common dialects in their community, while travellers speak mainly English or Shelta.
- With the Hindu religious origins, the Roma people have a different culture and customs, and they are different from the Catholic travellers.
- The travellers’ look-alike to the general Ireland population. Whereas the gypsies have oriental looks, dark skin tones and are similar to Indian or Egyptian people.
- The gypsies generally reside in Eastern Europe, and the travellers dwell in Ireland, UK, and the USA.
- Gypsies migrated during the 10th century to different regions, and they are foreign to all the countries they migrated to. Whereas the majority of Irish travellers are from Ireland and live there itself.
Gypsies and travellers constitute a large population. They are disregarded and avoided because of their ethnicity and culture. Each of these communities is facing many challenges that make it difficult for them to live a life rooted in their cultural norms.
Due to the lack of support and the growing demands of the modern world, their customs and practices are not actively followed by everyone in the community. Many people don’t even refer to them as gypsies or travellers and leave their cultural identity.