Difference Between Hornets and Yellow Jacket (With Table)

A wasp is an insect that eats pesky insects. They sound simple in name but they are stinging insects that are extremely aggressive. These are very minor and simple insects that are found everywhere.  People don’t care what species they are, how aggressive they are, and how to deal with them.

Hornets vs Yellow Jacket

The difference between a hornet and a yellow jacket is that Bald hornet insects are larger and are white and black whereas yellow jackets are smaller in size and are yellow and black. These insects look like bees and wasps. But they are easy to identify because of their color.

Bald hornets are black and white. They are of different colors in different places. Hornets are insects of the Vespa genus. They get bigger. Hornets look like wasps but are very different from them. It looks like a yellow jacket. Some species reach 5.5 cm. There are 22 species of Vespa around the world, most of which are found in tropical regions such as Asia.

Yellowjacket wasps are yellow and black as their name depicts themselves. It is similar to a paper wasp but it is quite different from them. They are eusocial. They build their own nest. Their nests are made of wood pulp, which they make themselves. The size of their nest is not fixed i.e. they can be large or small. 

Comparison Table Between Hornets and Yellow Jacket

Parameters of comparisonHornetsYellow Jacket
AppearanceBald hornets are black and white. They are of different colors in different places.Yellowjacket wasps are yellow and black as their name depicts themselves. 
Feeding habit Hornets have a different feeding method, this insect prefers to hover, which makes them easy to identify.The feeding method of the Yellowjacket varies. They prefer to eat meat and meat of larger animals, to which they are susceptible.
Size     Hornets are larger so that they can be easily recognized.Yellowjacket wasps are smaller in size so that it is hard to find them.
Scientific name The biological name of Hornet is Vespa.The scientific name of the yellowjacket is Vespula Vulgaris.
Nest     Hornet nests are cone-shaped and are large. There are many holes in their nest towards the bottom and they can keep their nest anywhere.The nests of yellowjackets do not have a fixed size and they build their nests in tunnels or holes. Its nests are mostly made in the dirt.

What is Hornets?

Hornets are insects of the Vespa genus. They get bigger. Hornets look like wasps but are very different from them. It looks like a yellow jacket. Some species reach 5.5 cm. There are 22 species of Vespa around the world, most of which are found in tropical regions such as Asia. Among them, European hornets are widespread throughout Europe as well as Russia, North America, and East Asia.

Like other social wasps, they build their nests out of papaya pulp; like other insects, they have a queen in their nest who is the main one and lays the eggs, all working like other workers. Whereas it is believed that a female who is in a genetic condition cannot produce fertile eggs. Hornets of most species build their nests in the open, that is, they build their nests in trees and shrubs. But there are also some Vespa that build cavities and underground nests, such as Vespa Orientalis. These nests are such that they last throughout the year. Their nests break down during the winter, so the female queen hibernates herself in litter and other material until spring, with males being much quieter and not stinging, so they are not as deadly.

What is Yellow Jacket?

The yellow jacket is mostly found in places like Michigan. It is small in size and its color is yellow and black as its name suggests. Yellow and black stripes are made on their body, due to which they can be easily identified.

It is similar to a paper wasp but it is quite different from them. They are eusocial. They build their own nest. Their nests are made of wood pulp, which they make themselves. The size of their nest is not fixed i.e. they can be large or small. Their nest is usually called a very large colony. Their number can be up to 15000. They accumulate on the waste created by humans and make them their food, they are aggressive.

The yellow jacket sometimes proves to be more disruptive. They build their nests in the dark and under the ground. They like to live in a place like garbage, that is, that place attracts them more. They are more commonly found in sweet places or liquids. They stay away from their nests and are very aggressive about their defenses. The size of their colonies is larger than that of paper wasps. So this is how yellowjacket survives in their world.

Main Differences Between Hornets and Yellow Jacket

  1. Bald hornets are black and white and are of different colors in different places whereas Yellowjacket wasps are yellow and black as their name depicts itself.
  2. The hornet prefers to hover, which is their feeding pattern, while the yellowjacket has a different feeding method.  They prefer to eat meat and meat of larger animals to which they are susceptible.
  3. Hornets are larger so that they can be easily recognized whereas Yellowjacket wasps are smaller in size so that it is hard to find them.
  4. The biological name of Hornet is Vespa whereas the scientific name of the yellowjacket is Vespula Vulgaris.
  5. Hornet nests are cone-shaped and are large while the nests of yellowjacket do not have a fixed size and they build their nests in tunnels or holes.

Conclusion

So here we conclude that both the insects are different from each other. Bald hornets are black and white and are of different colors in different places whereas Yellowjacket wasps are yellow and black as their name depicts itself. Their biological names are also different. The biological name of Hornet is Vespa whereas the scientific name of the yellowjacket is Vespula Vulgaris. Hornets have a different feeding method, this insect prefers to hover, which makes them easy to identify whereas the feeding method of the Yellowjacket varies. They prefer to eat meat and meat of larger animals, to which they are susceptible.

References

  1. https://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdf/10.1021/bi00617a016
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0091674982800031
  3. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0091674902429934
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