Difference Between House and Senate (With Table)

The political structure of the United States of America is very unique, and the American Congress constitutes two parliamentary bodies popularly known as the House of Representatives and the Senate. There are a large number of similarities and differences between both entities. Many people are highly confused regarding the House and the Senate.

House vs Senate

The difference between the House and the Senate is that the House of representatives that is popularly known as the House is a house of the Congress of the United States, whereas the Senate refers to a part of the bicameral legislature of the US Congress as it is the upper House of the bicameral legislature.

The House has always been close to the citizens as its representatives have always been elected and voted by the citizens of the country. There is a total of 435 seats in the House of representatives that consists of one leader from every district of the United States.

Before the year 1913, the representatives of the Senate were not directly elected by the citizens of the United States. The Senate constitutes 100 seats, and every 2 seats have representatives from the same state. Senators are highly experienced and reputed individuals from various fields and domains of life.

Comparison Table Between House and Senate

Parameters of ComparisonHouseSenate
MeaningThe house also termed the House of Representatives is a house of the United States Congress that is very popular all around the world for the value it adds to society.In the Bicameral legislature, the upper house in the United States is known as the Senate that has a large number of reputed members and representatives.
Number of seats In the House of representatives, there are 435 seats and every seat has representatives from each district.In the Senate, there are 100 seats and every two-seat have representatives from the same state.
Type of houseOne of the major features of the house is that it is a lower house.One of the major things to note about the senate is that it is an upper house.
Duration of termThe duration for which the representatives are elected is generally 2 years.The duration for which the representatives are elected for 6 years.
History and BaseThe house is also known as the house of representatives is based on the concept of the Virginia Plan.The senate is based on the concept of the New Jersey convention or plan.
Seat-State ratioThe number of seats from a state depends on the population of that particular state.There are two seats in the senate from each state.

What is House?

The House is also known as the House of Representatives. The members of the House are highly experienced and well-known people who discuss various national and international in the House.

All the budgets and money-bills are introduced and bought up in the House of representatives first-hand and cannot become a law until the House approves and passes it. The number of members in the House of representatives is 435. The number of members from each state and constituency depends on the intensity of the population of that particular state.

One of the major privileges of the House of representatives is its power to accuse and impeach a member or a representative. All the money and revenue bills must initiate in the House but need to be approved by the Senate for becoming law.

One of the major functions of the House is its power to accuse and put charges on the representative or the members who have indulged in any sort of corruption.

What is Senate?

The Senate is the upper House of the legislative wing of the US Congress. The members of the Senate are popularly known as the senators and are generally elected for a duration and term of 6 years. The change of members in the Senate is comparatively slower when compared to the House.

The basic qualification or eligibility to become a member of the Senate is that the individual must be 30 years old at the time he/she contests the election and must have resided and lived in the United States of America as a citizen for continuously 9 years.

The senators or the members of the Senate are generally highly qualified and experienced people in their respective domains. One of the major functions of the Senate is its power to try impeachments and removals of the representatives of the House.

There are 100 members in the Senate. Every 2 senators are elected from the same state irrespective of the population of the particular state. Senate is one of the most popular houses in the entire world, and various case studies are taught in universities to how the management of the Senate takes place.

Main Differences Between House and Senate

  1. The House, also known as the House of Representatives, has a total of 435 members in it, whereas the Senate has 100 seats and representatives in it.
  2. One of the features of the House of representatives is that it is a lower house. On the other hand, the Senate is also known as the upper House.
  3. The duration for which the members of the House are elected is 2 years, whereas the duration for which senators are elected is 6 years.
  4. The House or the House of Representatives is based on the Virginia plan. On the other hand, the Senate is based on the New Jersey Convention.
  5. The number of representatives from each state in the House depends on the population of that state, whereas there are fixed 2 members from each state in the Senate.

Conclusion

There are a large number of similarities and differences between the well-known entities popularly known as the House and the Senate. They differ from each other in terms of strength, term, and functions.

As per the constitution of the United States, both the houses have to perform specific duties in the best possible manner. Both the institutions are different from each other in a large number of domains and aspects.

References

  1. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.3162/036298009788897772
  2. https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/american-political-science-review/article/economic-expectations-and-voting-behavior-in-united-states-house-and-senate-elections/4D89E15F8822BBEC0764E5BA2460F9F6
x
2D vs 3D