Difference Between Huntingtons and Parkinsons (With Table)

A human being’s body faces several changes in its entire existence, and it undergoes various transformations. These transformations may either be physical or mental. Whenever a person notices something painful in whichever part of their body, he or she tries to treat it and cure it. However, the treatments depend on the severity and the type of the disease. But along with that, the diseases that a person is prone to catch also depends on their age.

As the person ages, he or she is prone to catch some diseases because of the several changes that take place in their body. Various organs in the human body undergo changes, and these changes are either beneficial to the body or lead to a disease or disorder. Considering the brain alone, a human brain at a certain human age group undergoes changes that lead to various changes. Two of these diseases are 1. Huntington’s disease, and 2. Parkinson’s disease.

Huntingtons vs Parkinsons

The difference between Huntington’s disease and Parkinson’s disease is the composition of the genes. Huntington’s disease can be inherited from parents to offspring’s, and it is caused to an offspring due to an abnormal gene present in their body. On the other hand, Parkinson’s disease occurs in the human body when the production of dopamine from the nerve cells is not enough.

The genetic disorder or disease that is inherited from a parent to an offspring due to the presence of an abnormal gene in the offspring’s body is known as Huntington’s disease. The nerve cells present in the human brain gradually breaks down and affects the person physically and mentally. It also affects a person’s emotional capabilities. There are several ways to cope up with this disease, but unfortunately, there is no permanent cure for it.

The disease that occurs to a person due to the less production of dopamine from the nerve cells from the brain due to either genetic composition or environmental impacts is known as Parkinson’s disease. There are several symptoms and cures to this disease. Appropriate treatment at the correct timing must be taken.

Comparison Table Between Huntingtons and Parkinsons

Parameters of ComparisonHuntingtons Parkinsons
MeaningThe genetic disorder or disease that is inherited from a parent to an offspring due to the presence of an abnormal gene in the offspring’s body is known as Huntington’s disease.The disease that occurs to a person due to the less production of dopamine from the nerve cells from the brain due to either genetic composition or environmental impacts is known as Parkinson’s disease.
TypeGenetic disorderNon-Genetic disorder
CausesPresence of abnormal Genes.Lack in production of dopamine from nerve cells.
SymptomsChange in moods, triggering in mood swings, lack of coordination, slow understanding towards things, indecisive behaviour etc.Loss of smell, Difficulty in digestion, change in voice, poor And minuscule handwriting, change in posture, movements become slow, clumsiness etc.
TreatmentNo permanent cure is available but a patient can try several ways prescribed by the doctors to cope with the disease.Various treatments are available.

What is Huntingtons?

The genetic disorder or disease that is inherited from a parent to an offspring due to the presence of an abnormal gene in the offspring’s body is known as the Huntington’s disease. There are several symptoms that are seen in a person whenever he or she has this disease.

In Huntington’s disease, the nerve cells that are present in the human brain gradually breaks down and affects the person physically and mentally. It also affects a person’s emotional capabilities. There are several ways to cope up with this disease, but unfortunately, there is no permanent cure for it.

Depending on the age group when the symptoms of Huntington’s disease are seen in the person, there are two types, namely, adult-onset and early onset. The adult-onset is a common variant of the disease. On the other hand, the early onset is the less common variant of the disease.

There are several neurological, psychiatric, brain functioning, imaging and genetic tests that are done so as to diagnose the disease in people. The disease is a progressive one and cannot be stopped as there is no cure for it. However, a person can follow therapy or medications to come with it.

What is Parkinsons?

The disease that occurs to a person due to the less production of dopamine from the nerve cells from the brain due to either genetic composition or environmental impacts is known as the Parkinson’s disease. There are several symptoms that are seen in a person whenever he or she has this disease.

Along with the symptoms, there are also various treatments and cures that can be adopted by a person whenever he or she is diagnosed with this disease. Appropriate treatment at the correct timing must be taken. People are affected physically as well as mentally and emotionally when they are diagnosed with this disease.

The symptoms of this disease include anosmia, or the lack of smell, difficulty in digestion, which eventually leads to constipation, changes are noticed in the voice, changes in the posture, slowing down of the movements, arms and legs are stiffened, body balancing issues are seen, anxious behaviour and hallucinations etc. However, these symptoms are categorised into primary and secondary symptoms.

It is a disease that is caused due to lack of production of dopamine hormones. The dopamine production is decreased from the never cells from the brain because of either genetic abnormality or other environmental impacts. There are various treatments and cures for this disease like introducing changes in lifestyle, medications from doctors, therapies etc.

Main Differences Between Huntingtons and Parkinsons

  1. Huntington’s disease is a genetic disorder and is inherited from the parents to the offspring. On the other hand, Parkinson’s disease is a non-genetic disease.
  2. The genetic disorder or disease that is inherited from a parent to an offspring due to the presence of an abnormal gene in the offspring’s body is known as Huntington’s disease, on the other hand, The disease that occurs to a person due to the less production of dopamine from the nerve cells from the brain due to either genetic composition or environmental impacts is known as the Parkinson’s disease.
  3. Huntington’s disease is caused by the presence of abnormal genes in the offspring’s body. On the other hand, Parkinson’s disease is caused by a decrease in the production of dopamine.
  4. Huntington’s disease can not be cured. On the other hand, Parkinson’s disease can be cured.
  5. Huntington’s disease can not be prevented as it is a genetic disorder. On the other hand, Parkinson’s disease can be prevented.

Conclusion

Both diseases affect a person’s mental, physical and emotional health and disrupt their life. These diseases are dangerous enough to ruin somebody’s life and cause permanent damage or even death. That is why one must take enough care of themselves and keep their health in check.

People must make themselves aware of the severity of these diseases, and they must know about the repercussions as well. In order to prevent the loss, they must prioritise their health and make sure that their health is at its best.

References

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140673607601111
  2. https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJM199810153391607
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