Hypothesis and prediction are somewhat different terms. Hypothesis tends to have a broader and firmer position in comparison to prediction. This is because a Hypothesis is based on a detailed study of facts.
Hypothesis vs Prediction
The difference between Hypothesis and Prediction is that hypothesis is scientific and is based on evidence and facts. In contrast, a prediction is usually made for a future event and is a pure guess.
A hypothesis can be made for a past event or a future event. It takes a long time to form a hypothesis as it consists of explaining the correlation between different variables affecting the occurrence of a situation.
Prediction is just a guess statement explaining what would happen in the future. It is not based on facts but purely on the whims, opinions, and intuition of the person making the prediction. This is why a prediction may or may not come true. It does not explain any relationship between variables.
Comparison Table Between Hypothesis and Prediction (in Tabular Form)
|Parameter of Comparison||Hypothesis||Prediction|
|Meaning||It is the explanation provided for an event that is made on facts.||It is an estimate for an event that might or might not occur in the future.|
|Nature||It is an intelligent and educated guess.||Prediction is more like a wild guess based on opinion.|
|Foundation||It is always based on facts.||A prediction might not be based on facts.|
|Formation Time||A hypothesis is formed after a detailed studied of the event and after gathering the facts. Thus, it takes a lot of time to make a hypothesis.||A prediction is a wild and pure guess. That is why it takes lesser time to come up with a prediction as compared to a hypothesis.|
|Relationship||It explains the relationship between different variables.||It does not explain any relationship between variables.|
|Focus||A hypothesis can be about an event that might happen in the future or has already occurred.||A prediction is always future-oriented.|
What is Hypothesis?
A Hypothesis is a statement that provides an additional explanation of the occurrence of an event. It is formulated after a detailed study of all the evidence and facts. This is why it takes a long time to come up with a hypothesis.
The exciting thing about hypothesis, which gives it a broader scope in comparison to prediction, is that it can be made on both past or a future event. A hypothesis aims to explain the correlation between different variables affecting the occurrence of an event.
A hypothesis is also known as an intelligent and educated guess. This is because it has a structure and is longer. A hypothesis has the element of falsification. This means that it can be scientifically proved right or wrong.
A hypothesis is usually precise and clear, which is stated as simply as possible. It tends to be specific and consistent, as it is based on facts.
When developing a hypothesis, all the previous facts about the given variables are taken into consideration. Then the effect of change in one variable on the total outcome is explained. This is done by explaining the effect of an independent variable on a dependent variable.
A hypothesis is generally developed based on a statement and is an explanation of the event that occurred in addition to the investigation.
What is Prediction?
A prediction is a pure and wild guess. There is a possibility of it coming true or not. This is because it is not based on facts, unlike a hypothesis. It is purely based on intuition and opinions of a person
This is why a prediction tends to be more subjective in nature. Predication is basically a forecast. It is dependent on the person making the prediction. It also does not make an attempt to explain the relationship between different variables affecting the occurrence of an event.
Unlike hypothesis, a prediction is a statement that explains a possible event in the future. It is not scientific, but it can be proved right or wrong. This is done by seeing whether the prediction made actually comes true or not. It might not always be derived from facts.
One of the ways to make a prediction is regression analysis. It is a statistical technique. While making a prediction, all the patterns that possibly exist are to be observed. The data collection for making a prediction is done through senses while making an observation. On that basis, statements are developed for future events.
Main Differences Between Hypothesis and Prediction
- A hypothesis is a statement explaining the occurrence of an event. Prediction, on the other hand, is a statement estimating an event that might happen in the future.
- A hypothesis is an educated guess, whereas prediction is a wild and pure guess.
- A hypothesis is always based on facts and evidence, whereas a prediction might or might not be based on facts.
- A hypothesis attempts to explain the correlation between different variables affecting the occurrence of an event. A prediction might not do this.
- It takes a long time to formulate a hypothesis, unlike prediction, which can be made in a shorter time.
Both hypothesis and prediction are guesses, but a hypothesis is an educated guess, whereas a prediction is a wild guess. A hypothesis is formed after a detailed study of all the factors that might affect the occurrence of a situation.
This study is done by tweaking each independent variable and then studying its effect on the dependent variable and the outcome. This is why a hypothesis is explaining the correlation between different variables. A prediction, on the other hand, might be or might not be based on facts.
It also does not explain the relationship between different variables. It can be made in a short time and is subjective to the person making the prediction. Then it is validated by seeing whether the prediction comes true in the future or not. An example of a prediction can be that a student studying hard would get good marks in the exam.