Difference Between IAS and IPS

Indian Administrative Service and Indian Police service are crucial civil services to serve in India. They are also known as IAS and IPS, respectively.


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Both are equally very prestigious job roles. IAS and IPS get their due respect and much-needed recognition in society.

Key Takeaways

  1. IAS (Indian Administrative Service) officers are responsible for the administrative functions of the government, while IPS (Indian Police Service) officers are responsible for maintaining law and order.
  2. IAS officers are part of the administrative branch, while IPS officers are part of the police and security branch.
  3. IAS officers have a more comprehensive range of responsibilities and can work in different departments, while IPS officers focus on law enforcement.


The difference between IAS and IPS is that the Indian Administrative Service holds responsibility for policy formulation keeping public administration as a reference point. At the same time, the Indian Police service is responsible for maintaining law and order in the country.


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As said, both jobs are very prestigious and carry responsibilities towards society’s well-being and functioning and maintaining law and order in the governing zones of at least that they serve.

The second key difference is that the training centres’ are different.

The training of IAS takes place at Mussoorie in Uttarakhand, while the training of IPS takes place at Hyderabad in  Telangana. 

  1. IAS – Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration
  2. IPS – Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy


Comparison Table

Parameter of ComparisonIndian Administrative serviceIndian Police service
Controlling AuthorityMinistry of personnel, public grievances, and PensionMinistry of Home Affairs
Appointed bySub-divisional magistrateIAS official
RolesPolicy Formulation and implementationMaintain Law and order
RanksTopmost in hierarchyLower to IAS
SalaryHigherComparatively low.
Area wise officersOnly OneMore than one
Departments that they serveAll government departmentspolice department


What is IAS?

The subdivision magistrate appoints the Indian Administrative Service officer to pass the civil service examination on a six-month probation basis.

Later, the promotion occurs to the district magistrate, collector, divisional commissioner, etc.

The IAS officer is usually posted at the central apex level, wherein they can work on various roles. Some of the designations are Cabinet Secretary and joint secretary.

An IAS officer’s primary actions and mandates are to formulate and implement the policies through the public administration bodies.

The IAS officer is also responsible for looking into revenue, its collection, and other revenue-related matters. Also, matters of court settlements at the central and state level are in their belt.


What is IPS?

The Indian Police service is a qualified civil servant who is a top-ranked officer in the police department. IPS operates at both State and Central levels.

They need to get the topmost rank in the UPSC exam.

The working structure of an IPS offers looks into security provisions, public order, law enforcement, crime-related investigations, etc.

The IPS officer also decides the level of their area zone on the hiring, salary marking, other allowances, perquisites, and requisites.


Main Differences Between IAS and IPS


The IAS officer’s role is like the head of the state, whereas the IPS officer’s role is the head of the police department.

IAS’s role is to look into the policy level, while the role o the IPS officer is to look into the daily happenings in the city concerning the functioning of law and order.

The IPS officer looks into the functioning of the police department in its totality.

They look into every functioning of daily crime records, its investigations, daily trials, the appointment of other subordinate officers, etc.

Controlling Authority and Appointment

IAS covers departments of public grievances and pension and personnel and training of various departments that are the governing arms of the country.

While IPS officer work comes under the ministry of home affairs and the government of India itself.

The subdivision magistrate appoints the IAS officer, while the IAS officer appoints the IPS officer.

Also, it is understood the IAS officer’s work is mainly at the administrative level, which involves a lot of other departments brainstorming.

The role of an IPS is mainly the application of those decided and given administrative accords. Also, the IPS officer reports to the IAS officer.


The IAS officer is a part of the bureaucratic wing that pertains to all Indian services.

The IAS office looks into the vigilance organization and central police activities.

Some of the departments IAS looks into are; the research and analysis wing, the national security guard, the border security force, the central reserve police force, and the intelligence bureau.

Area Wise

India has various cities; every city can have one or more IAS officers depending on the geographical landscape.

But mostly, there is only one IAS officer in an area, while there can be more than one IPS officer.

As the police department is established in every area of the city,

Ranks and Salary

The ranks and the salary scale differ between IAS and IPS and also within their departments as well.

An IAS officer begins at a junior scale and moves to the senior scale role.

The ranks and Salary likewise seem a growth, but the salary scale of an IPS is much lower than that of an IAS officer.

The salary scale can be up to INR 54,000 for an IPS officer. The ranks of the IPS officers are explained in detail – ranks of IPS officers.

  1. https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=288352
  2. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01900690701229848
  3. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/0019556119710105
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