Difference Between IAS and IPS

Indian Administrative Service and Indian Police service both are very crucial civil services to serve in India. They are also known as IAS and IPS respectively.

Both are equally very prestigious job roles. IAS and IPS get their due respect and much-needed recognition in society.


The main difference between IAS and IPS is that Indian Administrative service holds responsibility for policy formulation keeping public administration as a reference point while Indian Police service serves responsibility to maintain law and order in the country.


As said, both the jobs are very prestigious and carry responsibilities towards society’s wellbeing, functioning and maintain the law and order in the governing zones of at least that they serve.

The second key difference is that the training centers’ are different.

The training of IAS takes place at Mussorie in Uttarakhand while the training of IPS takes placeat Hyderabad in  Telangana. 

  1. IAS – Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration
  2. IPS – Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy


Comparison Table Between IAS and IPS (in Tabular Form)

Parameter of ComparisonIndian Administrative serviceIndian Police service
Controlling AuthorityMinistry of personnel, public grievances, and PensionMinistry of Home Affairs
Appointed bySub-divisional magistrateIAS official
RolesPolicy Formulation and implementationMaintain Law and order
RanksTopmost in hierarchyLower to IAS
SalaryHigherComparatively low.
Area wise officersOnly OneMore than one
Departments that they serveAll government departmentspolice department


What is IAS?

The Indian Administrative Service officer is appointed by the subdivision magistrate on passing the civil service examination on a six months probation bases.

Later the promotion takes place to the district magistrate, collector, divisional commissioner, etc.

The IAS officer is usually posted at the central apex level wherein they can work on various roles. Some of the designations are Cabinet Secretary and joint secretary.

The primary actions and mandates for an IAS officer are to formulate the policies and implement the same through the public administration bodies.

The IAS officer is also responsible to look into the matters or revenue, its collection, and other revenue related matters. Also, matters of court settlements at the central and state level also are in their belt.


What is IPS?

The Indian Police service is a qualified civil servant who is a top-ranked officer in the police department. IPS operates at both, State and Central levels.

They need to get the topmost rank in the UPSC exam.

The working structure of an IPS offers looks into the matter of security provisions, public order, law enforcement, crime-related investigations, etc.

The IPS officer also takes a decision at the level of their area zone on the hiring, salary marking, other allowances, perquisites, and requisites.


Main Differences Between IAS and IPS


The IAS officer role is like the head of the state whereas the IPS officer role is the head of the police department.

IAS role is to look into the policy level while the role o the IPS officer is to look into the daily happenings in the city with respect to the functioning of law and order.

The IPS officer looks into the functioning of the police department in its totality.

They look into each and every functioning of daily crime records, its investigations, daily trials, the appointment of other subordinate officers, etc.

Controlling Authority and Appointment

IAS covers departments of public grievances and pension and personnel and training of various departments that are the governing arms of the country.

While IPS officer work comes under the ministry of home affairs and the government of India, itself.

The appointment of the IAS officer is done by the subdivision magistrate while the appointment of the IPS officer is done by the IAS officer.

Also, it understood the IAS officer’s work is mostly at the administrative level which involves a lot of other departments to brainstorm.

The role of an IPS is mainly at the application of those decided and given administrative accords. Also, the IPS officer reports to the IAS officer.


The IAS officer is a part of the bureaucratic wing that pertains to all India services.

The IAS office looks into the vigilance organization and central police activities.

Some of the departments that IAS looks into; research and analysis wing, national security guard, border security force, central reserve police force, intelligence bureau

Area Wise

India has various cities and every city can have one or more IAS officers depending on the geographical landscape.

But mostly there is only one IAS officer in an area while there can be more than one IPS officer in an area.

As the police department is established in each and every area of the city,

Ranks and Salary

The ranks and the salary scale differ between IAS and IPS and also within their departments as well.

An IAS officer begins at a junior scale and moves ahead to the senior scale role.

The ranks and Salary likewise seem a growth but the salary scale of an IPS is much lower than the IAS officer.

The salary scale can be up to INR 54,000 for an IPS officer. The ranks of the IPS officers are explained in detail – ranks of IPS officers.



Both the service is of prestige and gives a morale boost to serve the nation.

The recognition and respect that they achieve are worth the 24/7 efforts to learn/ appear for the UPSC exam.

Mostly the UPSC aspirants eye the IAS level and work very hard for their UPSC exams. Every UPC aspirants look at IPS as their second option only.

It’s important to note that the eligibility criteria for both, IAS and IPS are 21 years of age. Also holding a university degree is a norm.

Key Differences Between IAS and IPS (PDF Format)

Download the key differences in .PDF format, to read or print them later:

Difference Between IAS and IPS



  1. https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=288352
  2. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01900690701229848
  3. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/0019556119710105
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