Difference Between Illustrator and Photoshop (With Table)

Adobe software like Adobe Illustrator and Adobe Photoshop are very common among artists, photographers, and graphic designers. Photographers extensively use Photoshop for image editing and image manipulation. It is also preferred because Photoshop can perform the basic functions of Illustrator like designing a logo or a poster. 

Illustrator vs Photoshop

The difference between Illustrator and Photoshop is that Illustrator is a vector-based application while Photoshop is a raster-based application. It means that the former uses a vector for image creation and it gives a very smooth and clean look while the latter uses millions of small pixels of different colors to form an image. 

Adobe Illustrator is software that is suitable for any designer to use if he/she wants to create an image forms scratch. It is a vector-based image creation software that can be used for making illustrations, logo designing, character designing, etc. The software is available for both Windows and macOS and currently, it is a part of the Adobe Creative Cloud. 

Adobe Photoshop is a software application that is extensively used by photographers for editing, retouching, and manipulating photographs. Through Photoshop is mostly famous as a photo editing software, the tools available in the software also allow to create an image from the beginning. There are several versions of Photoshop like Photoshop CC, Photoshop Lightroom, etc.

Comparison Table Between Illustrator and Photoshop

Parameters of ComparisonIllustratorPhotoshop
Image creationIllustrator uses a vector for image creation that contains very smooth lines.Photoshop is a raster-based application which means that it uses pixels for image creation. 
Zoomed-in viewWhen an image created in Illustrator is zoomed in, it still appears to very smooth and clean. When an image is created in Photoshop is zoomed in, the numerous small pixels are clearly visible and don’t look very smooth. 
UseDesigners use Illustrator when they are building something from scratch like a logo design. The main purposes of Photoshop are photo editing and photo manipulation.
File formatFrom Illustrator, an image can be exported in AI or SVG form and when shared with another person can make changes on it. From Photoshop, an image can be exported in PSD format and when reopened the one can start editing from where it was left. 
Multi-purposeIn Illustrator, one cannot perform the functions of Photoshop, like editing a photograph. In Photoshop, one can perform the basic functions of an Illustrator, like designing a logo. 

What is Illustrator?

 Illustrator is a widely used software for creating images especially logos and illustrations. Most graphic designers, visual artists, and even professional illustrators use Adobe Illustrator. High-quality images can be exported from Illustrator and the number of various tools helps to make the work of an illustrator easier and less time-consuming. 

From designing a logo for a company to creating cartoon characters for a digital comic book, Illustrator has a variety of uses. Illustrator also has an option to import a photograph for reference and trace the image to make a more appropriate illustration. This helps a lot if an artist is creating a digital portrait of a person since it increases the accuracy. 

Adobe Illustrator is not only used for image creation, as it has several other options for designing texts as well. Thus, many web designers use Illustrator for poster making, showing a mock-up for website design, and other images that involve manipulating texts as well. Illustrator is a part of the Adobe Creative Cloud subscription and hence an image from Illustrator can be shared in other applications like InDesign and Photoshop. 

What is Photoshop?

Adobe Photoshop is a very versatile software application that is used for picture editing, enhancing and manipulating a photograph, changing backgrounds, etc. Photoshop can also perform the basic functions of Illustrator as it can be used for poster designing. The software is available both as a part of the Creative Cloud subscription and license of its own. 

Through Photoshop is mainly used by photographers and web designers, the creative professionals also use it for website mockups and adding various effects. This software is used both by beginners and professionals to create advanced high-level digital images. Photoshop is mainly used for editing 2-D images but it also offers a few 3-D editing functionalities. 

The tools present in Photoshop are numerous but the most commonly performed functions are retouching images, removing any people or object from an image, repairing any flaws of an image, adjusting basic light effects (exposure, contrast, shadows, etc.), and much more. The basic editing capabilities of Adobe Lightroom can also be performed in Adobe Photoshop. 

Main Differences Between Illustrator and Photoshop

  1. Illustrator uses a vector for image creation that contains very smooth lines whereas Photoshop is a raster-based application which means that it uses pixels for image creation. 
  2. When an image created in Illustrator is zoomed in, it still appears to very smooth and clean. On the other hand, when an image is created in Photoshop is zoomed in, the numerous small pixels are clearly visible and don’t look very smooth. 
  3. Designers use Illustrator when they are building something from scratch like a logo design whereas the main purposes of Photoshop are photo editing and photo manipulation.
  4. From Illustrator, an image can be exported in AI or SVG format whereas, from Photoshop, an image can be exported in PSD format.
  5. In Illustrator, one cannot perform the functions of Photoshop, like editing a photograph whereas, in Photoshop, one can perform the basic functions of an Illustrator, like designing a logo. 

Conclusion

Both Adobe Illustrator and Adobe Lightroom are very popular software among artists, graphic designers, photographers, web designers, and professional illustrators. The users can individually license this software but they are also available as part of the Adobe Creative Cloud subscription. If the user is subscribed to the Adobe Creative Cloud, then he/she gets an advantage to export the photo from Illustrator or Photoshop to other software. 

Adobe Photoshop is more flexible than Adobe Illustrator as Photoshop can be used for poster designing and image creation but Illustrator cannot be used for image editing. The image from both the software can be exported in formats that will allow continuing the editing process in someone else’s device as well. 

References

  1. https://pdfcoffee.com/download/adobe-photoshop-jump-to-navigation-jump-to-search-pdf-free.html
  2. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/01405110220140865
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