Difference Between Import and Export

The difference between import and export is that import connotes to bring in commodities in the home country while export means to trade home products in foreign lands. Import and export are two crucial activities of international trading activities.

These activities help domestic and international businesses wherein the purchaser and seller both benefit. Import refers to acquiring products from outside the country.

Import vs Export

The difference between Import and Export is that import means when a country buys a product from other countries and export means when a country sells its product in foreign countries. Import serves a product demand that is not being produced in the home country. Export does the same for the foreign country and in turn, increases the home country’s GDP.

Import vs

The purpose of the import is to make products available that are not available in the domestic country while the purpose of export is to distribute its product and make the company globally known. Export pertains to selling home products outside the country for monetary gains through bilateral agreements.

Excessive of both import and export can hamper the home countries economy.

Comparison Table

Parameter of ComparisonImportExport
DefinitionA service or a commodity brought in the countryA surplus produced sold outside the country for global exposure.
AimTo bring goods and services from another country to the home countrySelling home counties good and services to other countries
Economy strategyImport is done for serving needs or closing the gap.Export is done for gaining monetary benefits.
Effects on tradeGDP drops if import exceeds beyond a notion limit.Overall, a noticeable trade profit occurs.
AdvantageThe foreign country gets more trade advantageThe home country gets more of the monetary gain.
RepresentationHigh Import demand means stronger domestic demandHigh export demand means trade surplus and foreign demand
RepresentationHigh Import demand means stronger domestic demandHigh export demand means trade surplus and foreign demand
CurrencyStrengthens the currency, if a currency is weakBenefits if the currency is stronger

What is Import?

Import is when products, goods, facilities are brought in by the citizen of a country to their home through a ‘channel’ when there is a dearth of certain products or certain products are in demand.

This channel can be via transportation, digital platform, email interaction, phone interaction, etc.  Import is external products that fulfill the demand of consumerism through purchasing goods and services outside their country.


What is Export?

Export is a move or a tactic to increase the global presence through selling goods, commodities, products, vegetation to another country. Export fosters the benefits of economic trades by an understanding of foreign markets through agreements between involved trading parties.

Export is considered when there is an increase in some produce or reservoir in a country by sending out the products to gain self-sufficiency and adequate growth in the gross domestic product (GDP).

The foreign incomes give a competitive advantage to the seller at the home country as well.

Main Differences Between Import and Export


Import means to bring in merchandise, commodities, products with an intention to buy, sell, re-sell for serving the demands in their own country. Export means to send, sell, trade products, things from their nation gross output to gain monetary benefit and make space for more products.


Import aim is to serve the demands of consumerism marked with changing demands and trends. The aim of export is to benefit their countries economy by being present in the global market through marketing, selling, leasing anything that the world needs.

It can be simple as a hairpin to as big as machinery and merchandising rights.

Economic Strategy

Import does close the gap of certain product demands in their home country, the monetary rewards mainly rest in the hands of the importer. The profit margins are thin when one product is purchased, transported, reached out with limited profit margins.

While the export of one’s product gives an upper edge. It has a surplus of one or more products and gives room to choose to whom and where to export their products.

The sense of choice and decision power is exported super potentiality.

Effect on Trade

The effect of both import and export can be positive and negative. For example, if too many foreign cosmetics are imported, local cosmetic brands will see demise.

But if the foreign cosmetics are brought in the limit, the local brands can fight with competitive prices at a cheaper rate.

Hence, the manner in which one market, sells, advertises and serves the gaps in between demand and supply effects positively and negatively to both import and export.


Import advantage is that the act can see smiles on the faces of people when they get to products they love from other lands but the earning out of the selling is minimal.

Also, import backs of heightened domestic demand. In export the residents, businessmen, government benefit through mutual bilateral agreements wherein they sell commodities, products, manpower and get the choice to decide the selling cost.


In the times of globalization, the more products that a country is capable of exports prove that they are self-sufficient, providers, and creators and have a stronger presence in the international market. On the other hand, import fills the needs of the customer, but if overindulgence is acted upon, the human development index suffers.


Import disturbs the local currency if a lot of goods are brought from outside the country on a wholesale price. If the local currency is very strong their economy can fight back.

This is the reason when a currency weakens, it only gets weaken. The countries must know that the way to keep their currency stable is by only importing products that are a crucial need for their country’s consumers.

Export improves per capita income through economical agreements of seller rights agreeing on international market demands.

This trading methodology gives a sense of leadership, ownership and a global presence.

Difference Between Import and


  1. https://www.elibrary.imf.org/view/IMF024/15739-9781451969344/15739-9781451969344/15739-9781451969344_A005.xml?language=en&redirect=true
  2. https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/26285/1/559514182.PDF
  3. https://www.jbc.org/content/280/32/29158.short
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Brain Lee
Brain Lee

I am into import export business and I can confirm that the differences given here are correct.