Difference Between IoT and AI (With Table)

Nowadays, more and more people are becoming highly dependent on technology even for going through their daily lives. Not only has technology influenced the past massively, but it holds a lot of scope in the future as well. IoT and AI are two such computer technologies that are paving the way for a better world.

IoT vs AI

The difference between IoT and AI is that IoT is a technological ecosystem in which physical devices can connect to each other using the internet. On the other hand, AI is a computer technology that learns from data collected in the past and decides an output based on human action. While IoT focuses on connecting the world, AI focuses on making machines smarter.

IoT is short for the Internet of Things. This is an ecosystem specifically created with the aim of connecting various physical devices with the help of an internet connection. Profuse data is shared between two devices that interact with each other on IoT. Here, the devices are built-in with sensors, actuators, and other necessary electronics that are needed.

AI is short for Artificial Intelligence. This is an innovative computer technology that aims at making machines smarter and more efficient. AI machines collect data from past occurrences and learn from them. They do so by stimulating human behavior in their systems and thereupon yield an effective output. AI is capable of cognitive thinking.

Comparison Table Between IoT and AI

Parameters of ComparisonIoTAI
MeaningIoT is an ecosystem in which various devices connect with each other using the internet.AI is a computer technology that simulates human behavior to reach an output.
AimThe aim of IoT is to create a better-connected world.The aim of AI is to make machines smarter and thus more efficient.
Depend enceIoT is highly dependent on AI and does not work without it.AI is not dependent on IoT by any means.
ApplicationsApplications of IoT include Smart Home, Water Monitoring, Smart Wearables, Smart City, etc.Applications of AI include Chatbots, Speech Recognition, Machine Vision, Job Adverts, etc.
CapabilitiesThe capability of the device is known beforehand.The device learns by itself and hence, its capabilities cannot be predicted.
InteractionHuman interaction and intervention are necessary for the working of IoT.AI works independently and does not need any human interaction to function.
CostIoT is not as expensive as AI.AI is the latest and fastest-growing technology which makes it quite expensive.

What is IoT?

IoT or the Internet of Things is a technological ecosystem that creates a network of physical devices. These devices are built-in with sensors, actuators, and other necessary software. Their purpose is to connect with each other to share and exchange data over the internet. Interestingly, IOT can range from small household devices to complex industrial tools.

An easy way of understanding what IOT is with through examples. Lately, IoT is a top contender among other trending technologies. This is because it has the capability of connecting even everyday appliances to the internet. For example, kitchen appliances, cars, baby monitors, thermostats, etc., all can be connected and instructed to perform certain tasks.

IoT devices are fixed with sensors and other electronics that are affordable and reliable. This proves to be a positive incentive for manufacturers as they can increase their production without burden. Due to the low cost, it is more accessible to the common man as well.

In the business world, IoT has great value. IoT devices have reached almost every nook and cranny of the marketplace. This allows various companies to capitalize on the business and earn enormous profits. Not only this but data-driven insights on IOT can even help businessmen manage their work in a better manner. 

What is AI?

AI or artificial intelligence is a field of computer science that aims at making machines capable of thinking like human beings. The machine in question is independent and can learn by itself. It picks up information from past occurrences and stimulates human behaviour to come up with a certain output.

The credits for the invention of AI can be given to a thought that occurred to the mathematician Alan Turing, which was, “Can machines think?”. This was the second time that Alan paved the way for a new future after helping encrypt the machine ‘Enigma’ to win World War 2.

Turing wrote “Computing Machinery and Intelligence” in 1950 and subsequently performed numerous tests related to the subject. This helped form a concrete goal and vision of what Alan wanted Artificial Intelligence to become in the coming years.

However, due to the intricacy of the subject, many questions and debates rose to the surface. Interestingly, the subject is disputed so widely that there isn’t even a singular definition of AI that the entire world agrees upon.

Nonetheless, the dynamic nature of AI is more likely to be a boon for all of us. A fact to consider is that the capabilities of AI can never be defined whatsoever. This is because AI devices are independent learners and thus, their behavior and results can never be predicted.

Main Differences Between IoT and AI

  1. IoT is an ecosystem that connects various devices over the internet while AI is a computer technology that simulates human behavior and intelligence.
  2. The purpose of IoT is to connect the world in a better manner while AI aims at making machines smarter and more efficient.
  3. IoT is dependent on AI while AI is completely independent.
  4. The capabilities of IoT can be known beforehand while that of AI is always unpredictable.
  5. IoT requires human interaction to function while AI can function self-sufficiently.
  6. IoT is cheaper than AI.

Conclusion

Both IoT and AI are computer technologies that are trending across the globe like anything. There are more and more investors putting their money on the two, while scientists are trying to innovate them around the clock. Both the technologies are very intricate, and it can often be confusing to understand the difference between them.

However, one major difference that can easily be remembered is their purpose. While IOT aims at connecting the world using the internet, AI aims at making machines better thinkers. Moreover, IoT is dependent on AI and needs human interaction to function. On the other hand, AI thinks and learns by itself and can work independently.

References

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0740624X19300905
  2. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/8656525/

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