Difference Between Iron and Ferrous Sulphate

We use them in our lives in a way or another at some point. They exist in several forms, and there are various types of elements as well.

Iron vs Ferrous Sulphate

The main difference between iron and ferrous sulphate is what they are a type of. Iron is a type of chemical element. On the other hand, ferrous sulphate is a type of chemical compound. We can say that ferrous sulphate is the hydrated variant of iron, and it is made by introducing certain changes in it.

Iron vs Ferrous Sulphate

It is one of the most useful chemical elements. It falls in group 8 and period 4 in the periodic table, and it is a part of the d-block.

There are several other names by which it is addressed. However, the IUPAC name of ferrous sulphate is iron II sulfate

Comparison Table Between Iron and Ferrous Sulphate

Parameters of ComparisonIronFerrous Sulphate
Meaning/ DefinitionThe chemical element that has the symbol “Fe” and has the atomic number 26 is known as iron. The chemical compound that is derived from iron by introducing some specifications to it is called ferrous sulphate.
Type ofChemical ElementChemical Compound
UsesIt is used to produce steel, along with other additives. It is also used to make alloys, it is also used to make pipes and valves etc.It helps in treating iron deficiency, and it is also used to avoid iron deficiency. It also generates red blood cells in the human body.
Chemical PropertiesRusting, iron only dissolves in dilute acids. The melting point of iron is 1536 degrees Celsius, the boiling point of iron is 2861 degrees Celsius. Ferrous sulphate in its anhydrous state has a boiling point of 680 degrees Celsius. Ferrous sulphate dissolves in water.
Physical propertiesIron is malleable and ductile, it also possesses lustre, and it is grey or silver. Depending on their hydrated states, ferrous sulphate is available in colours like turquoise and a mixture of blue and green. It is odourless and in a solid-state.

What is Iron?

The chemical element that has the symbol “Fe” and has the atomic number 26 is known as iron. It is abundantly available on earth, and many places inside or outside the earth possess iron in enough quantities.

It is considered the fourth most common element on the planet earth. It is one of the most useful chemical elements. It falls in group 8 and period 4 in the periodic table, and it is a part of the d-block.

In foodstuff like leafy vegetables, chickpeas, fish, lentils etc., there is an abundant amount of iron which is helpful for the human body to gather strength and energy.

Other than that, various tools are also made by using an iron. It is also used in making alloys which are also very useful for various purposes in various fields and areas.

What is Ferrous Sulphate?

The chemical compound that is derived from iron by introducing some specifications to it is called ferrous sulphate. It is a chemical compound and also a hydrated variant of iron.

Ferrous sulphate is the hydrated form of iron, and it has several uses, physical properties as well as chemical properties. There are several other names by which it is addressed.

The monohydrate form of ferrous sulphate is white-yellow with a crystal-like structure. The heptahydrate form of ferrous sulphate has blue-green colour with a crystal-like structure as well.

Ferrous sulphate is widely used as the predecessor for iron and its other compounds. It is widely used in medicines to treat iron deficiency. It is also used to avoid iron deficiency.

Main Differences Between Iron and Ferrous Sulphate

  1. The properties of iron are different from the properties of ferrous sulphate.
  2. Iron only dissolves in dilute acids. On the other hand, ferrous sulphate dissolves in water.
Difference Between Iron and Ferrous Sulphate

Conclusion

Both ferrous sulphate and iron have tremendous use in several areas and fields. They have proven to be useful to humans in many discoveries and inventions.

People make abundant use of these metals and elements and carry out their work.

References

  1. https://europepmc.org/article/med/3290310
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0032959295850031
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