Difference Between Iron and Ferrous Sulphate (With Table)

In nature, there exist several elements and substances. We use them in our lives in a way or another at some point. They exist in several forms, and there are various types of elements as well. Many scientists have discovered several chemical elements in our surroundings and have found out about their properties use and other information. We use these elements in several fields for several purposes. Many scientists have also mixed these elements with other chemical elements and made compounds. Two of those are 1. Iron and 2. Ferrous Sulphate.

Iron vs Ferrous Sulphate

The difference between iron and ferrous sulphate is what they are a type of. Iron is a type of chemical element. On the other hand, ferrous sulphate is a type of chemical compound. We can say that ferrous sulphate is the hydrated variant of iron, and it is made by introducing certain changes in it.

The chemical element that has the symbol “Fe” and has the atomic number 26 is known as iron. Iron has several physical properties as well as chemical properties. It is a metal that is used in various fields for several purposes. It is considered the fourth most common element on the planet earth. It is one of the most useful chemical elements. It falls in group 8 and period 4 in the periodic table, and it is a part of the d-block.

The chemical compound that is derived from iron by introducing some specifications to it is called ferrous sulphate. Ferrous sulphate is the hydrated form of iron, and it has several uses, physical properties as well as chemical properties. It is also used in various fields for various purposes. There are several other names by which it is addressed. However, the IUPAC name of ferrous sulphate is iron II sulfate

Comparison Table Between Iron and Ferrous Sulphate

Parameters of ComparisonIronFerrous Sulphate
Meaning/ DefinitionThe chemical element that has the symbol “Fe” and has the atomic number 26 is known as iron. The chemical compound that is derived from iron by introducing some specifications to it is called ferrous sulphate.
Type ofChemical ElementChemical Compound
UsesIt is used to produce steel, along with other additives. It is also used to make alloys, it is also used to make pipes and valves etc.It helps in treating iron deficiency, and it is also used to avoid iron deficiency. It also generates red blood cells in the human body.
Chemical PropertiesRusting, iron only dissolves in dilute acids. The melting point of iron is 1536 degrees Celsius, the boiling point of iron is 2861 degrees Celsius. Ferrous sulphate in its anhydrous state has a boiling point of 680 degrees Celsius. Ferrous sulphate dissolves in water.
Physical propertiesIron is malleable and ductile, it also possesses lustre, and it is grey or silver. Depending on their hydrated states, ferrous sulphate is available in colours like turquoise and a mixture of blue and green. It is odourless and in a solid-state.

What is Iron?

The chemical element that has the symbol “Fe” and has the atomic number 26 is known as iron. It is abundantly available on earth, and many places inside or outside the earth possess iron in enough quantities. There are four main allotropes of iron, and they are denoted in a certain way. These allotropes have their independent properties and use as well.

Iron has several physical properties as well as chemical properties. It is a metal that is used in various fields for several purposes. It is considered the fourth most common element on the planet earth. It is one of the most useful chemical elements. It falls in group 8 and period 4 in the periodic table, and it is a part of the d-block.

There are several uses of iron in several fields and areas. It is used to produce steel, along with other additives. It is also used to make alloys, it is also used to make pipes and valves etc. In foodstuff like leafy vegetables, chickpeas, fish, lentils etc., there is an abundant amount of iron which is helpful for the human body to gather strength and energy.

Mostly iron is used in manufacturing steel as it has several advantages. Iron is cost-effective, and strength-wise it is also a better option. Various automobiles are also made by using an iron. Other than that, various tools are also made by using an iron. It is also used in making alloys which are also very useful for various purposes in various fields and areas.

What is Ferrous Sulphate?

The chemical compound that is derived from iron by introducing some specifications to it is called ferrous sulphate. It is a chemical compound and also a hydrated variant of iron. It has different chemical and physical properties. It is used in various fields and areas for various purposes. The chemical formula of ferrous sulphate is FeSO4.

Ferrous sulphate is the hydrated form of iron, and it has several uses, physical properties as well as chemical properties. There are several other names by which it is addressed. However, the IUPAC name of ferrous sulphate is iron II sulfate. It has several appearances depending on its physical state. The anhydrous form of ferrous sulphate is white.

The monohydrate form of ferrous sulphate is white-yellow with a crystal-like structure. The heptahydrate form of ferrous sulphate has blue-green colour with a crystal-like structure as well. The rate at which ferrous sulphate dissolves in alcohol is extremely negligible. However, it does dissolve in water.

Ferrous sulphate is widely used as the predecessor for iron and its other compounds. It is widely used in medicines to treat iron deficiency. It is also used to avoid iron deficiency. Other uses of ferrous sulphate are done in plant growth, pigments, crafts etc. In-plant growth, ferrous sulphate is used for the treatment of iron chlorosis. Ferrous sulphate also has various historical uses.

Main Differences Between Iron and Ferrous Sulphate

  1. Iron is a chemical element. On the other hand, ferrous sulphate is a chemical compound.
  2. Iron is the main chemical element, and generous sulphate is the chemical compound that is derived from iron by introducing some specifications.
  3. The chemical element that has the symbol “Fe” and has the atomic number 26 is known as iron. On the other hand, the chemical compound that is derived from iron by mentioning some specifications to it is called ferrous sulphate.
  4. The properties of iron are different from the properties of ferrous sulphate.
  5. Iron only dissolves in dilute acids. On the other hand, ferrous sulphate dissolves in water.

Conclusion

Both ferrous sulphate and iron have tremendous use in several areas and fields. They have proven to be useful to humans in many discoveries and inventions. They both are available to humans, and with their unique properties, they are also quite useful.

People make abundant use of these metals and elements and carry out their work. However, it is our responsibility that we use these natural resources in an economical manner, and we must also make sure that we don’t waste them.

References

  1. https://europepmc.org/article/med/3290310
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0032959295850031
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