Difference Between ISBN 10 and ISBN 13 (With Table)

ISBN stands for International Standard Book Number. This number is applicable all around the world. It is basically used to give every book a unique identity. The difference between ISBN 10 and ISBN 13 can be confusing. Both ISBN 10 and ISBN 13 are generally found on the book’s back cover or the page having publisher information and copyright. ISBN is majorly required in all types of books. However, ebooks or the books available online do not require this number.

ISBN 10 vs ISBN 13

The difference between ISBN 10 and ISBN 13 is that ISBN 10 was an old system of numbering books, whereas, in 2007, ISBN 13 was introduced. This was done to increase the capacity of the books within the ISBN numbering system. ISBN 10 can be easily converted to ISBN 13, but the opposite is not possible. If done, it could lead to errors.

ISBN 10 was launched in 1970 by the International organization of Standardization. It replaced the previous system of 9 digits. This was done by adding a zero at the beginning of the 9 digit number. This code gives each book a unique identity. It was used for almost 30 years and later changed.

ISBN 13 was launched in 2007 by the international organization of Standardization. It replaced the previous system of 10 digits which existed for about 20 years. This code has 13 digits included in it. It uniquely identifies the author, publisher, title, language, etc. This code helps the reader to buy the exact book one wants to buy.

Comparison Table Between ISBN 10 and ISBN 13

Parameters of ComparisonISBN 10ISBN 13
Number of DigitsIt has 10 digits in the code. It has 13 digits in the code.
Introduced in It was introduced in 2007.It was introduced in 1970.
AccommodationIt can accommodate fewer books compared to ISBN 13.It can accommodate more books compared to ISBN 10.
ConversionISBN 10 can be converted to ISBN 13 easily.ISBN 13 cannot be converted to ISBN 10 easily.
LatestISBN 10 is an old way of numbering books.ISBN 13 is a new way of numbering books.

What is ISBN 10?

ISBN is a 10 digit code that is allotted to all books published all over the world. This code is used to recognize each book so that one can find the exact book he or she needs. This code recognizes the author, publisher, language, edition, and version of a book.

The ten-digit system was allotted back in 1970, replacing the 9 digit code system. ISBN 10 code was given to every book published for a large number of readers. This code can be used internationally as every book in the world has its ISBN. 

If a writer wants to sell his or her books in a large mass, he or she needs to apply for an ISBN. The book publishing company does apply for your ISBN for free. One does not need to make any effort if the publishing authority is applying for the number. However, if you are using an ISBN which is assigned by the book publishing company, the company will be recognized as the publisher of your book or record.

There are several advantages of publishing the book on your own. One does not have to change the ISBN if the publishing company is changed. If someone is impressed or has any query about your book, they will directly contact you instead of contacting the publishing company.

What is ISBN 13?

ISBN 13 is a 13 digit code allotted to books. This system was introduced by the International organization of Standardization. It was a very good move by the organization as this gave customers and book readers clear recognition of the book. The readers can easily find books with the help of the ISBN 13 code.

In 2007 this 13 digit code was introduced, replacing the 10 digit code. This change was brought after 30 years of a 10 digit code system. This was done to increase the capacity of ISBNs. This number makes the works of libraries and retail bookshops easier.

The librarians and salespeople at shops largely rely on this ISBN code for book identification. It makes their job easy. One can now easily track the number of books sold, purchased, in stock with the help of the number.

The US ISBN company used to use the prefix 978. One could easily convert 13 digit codes to 10 digit ISBN codes if 978 were added before the 10 digit code. But nowadays, the code also does starts from 979, which is not interchangeable. If the previous tactics are used for conversion, it could have led to serious issues.

Main Differences Between ISBN 10 and ISBN 13

  1. ISBN 10 consists of 10 numbers, whereas ISBN 13 consists of 13 numbers.
  2. ISBN 10 was introduced in 1970, whereas ISBN 13 was introduced in 2007.
  3. ISBN 10 could accommodate fewer books than ISBN 13
  4. ISBN 10 can be easily converted to ISBN 13 with the help of a converter website, whereas conversion of ISBN 13 to ISBN 10 could lead to issues.
  5. ISBN 10 was an old code of identification of books, whereas ISBN is currently used in numbering the books.

Conclusion

ISBN stands for International Standard Book Number. It is applicable all around the world. Both ISBN 10 and ISBN 13 codes giving unique identification to books. ISBN 10 and ISBN 13 are useful for the recognition of books. ISBN 10 was launched in 1970 by the International organization of Standardization, whereas ISBN 13 was launched in 2007.

ISBN 10 is an old way of numbering books. The current code is used in ISBN 13. Both these cannot be repeated even if the publication of a particular book has stopped. If someone wants to convert ISBN 10 to ISBN 13, they can easily do it with the help of a website converter available online. However, one should not do it the other way around as it could lead to errors. There does not exist any confusion between these numbers. Just remember to convert old way ISBN 10 to ISBN 13 with the help of the internet or by finding an online converter.

References

  1. https://researchportal.bath.ac.uk/files/526829/ariadne-41-chapman_11310.doc
  2. https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/journal-of-child-language/article/r-h-baayen-analyzing-linguistic-data-a-practical-introduction-to-statistics-using-r-cambridge-cambridge-university-press-2008-pp-368-isbn13-9780521709187/DABA026906B88245F6754AA8645034EE
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