Difference Between Israel and Judah (With Table)

Between the reigns of Solomon and David, Israel had a single kingdom. Solomon’s death led to the division of the country into two independent kingdoms. Judah, which consisted of Benjamin and Judah, was the name given to the southern region. Their capital was Jerusalem. Israel, or the northern part, consisted of the remaining ten tribes, and Samaria served as their capital. 

Israel vs Judah 

The difference between Israel and Judah is based on their capital. The capital which the Kingdom of Judah had was Jerusalem. It was also a smaller region than Israel. Earlier, the whole of Israel shared the capital of Samaria. However, at present, that has changed, and the present capital of the Kingdom is Jerusalem.  

Originally part of Palestine, Israel, at present, is a Middle Eastern republic. The country’s northern and eastern parts are bordered by Lebanon, Jordan, and Syria, the south by the Gulf of Aqaba, and the southwest and west by Egypt and the Mediterranean Sea. Formerly the capital of Judah, Jerusalem is now the capital of Israel.  

One of Israel’s 12 tribes, Judah descends from Judah, the fourth son, to Jacob’s first wife, Leah. In time, Judah became the most powerful and most influential tribe in the region south of Jerusalem. Besides producing the great kings David and Solomon, the Messiah would come from among its members was also a prophecy. Originally the Kingdom had its capital as Jerusalem. 

Comparison Table Between Israel and Judah 

  Parameters of Comparison   Israel   Judah 
 Capital   Earlier the whole kingdom shared the capital in Samaria. At present, Jerusalem is its capital.   Earlier the kingdom had its capital in Jerusalem. 
 Size   Much bigger area than Judah.  it was always smaller than Israel. 
 Prosperous   More prosperous.  Less prosperous. 
 Region    It was the northern region.  It was the southern region. 
 Consisting Tribes   Remaining ten tribes.  Judah and Benjamin. 

What is Israel? 

Originally part of Palestine, Israel, at present, is a Middle Eastern republic. From the earliest days, Israel as a region was larger than Judah. It also had a larger economy than the southern part of Judah. Formerly the capital of Judah, Jerusalem is now the capital of Israel. Earlier, Israel was a single kingdom. However, after Solomon’s death, the Israelite Kingdom was divided into Judah and Israel.  

However, in 722 B.C., Assyrians conquered Israel, ceasing the Kingdom from existing. Moreover, the Babylonians captured Jerusalem in 586 B.C., taking its citizens captive. The Judahites were able to return to Judah after the Persians conquered Babylon. Since 1948, Israel has been home to the Jewish people.  

The country’s northern and eastern parts are bordered by Lebanon, Jordan, and Syria, the south by the Gulf of Aqaba, and the southwest and west by Egypt and the Mediterranean Sea. Israel was primarily the name given to Jacob as per the Bible after he fought an angel of God. Today, Israel is a hot spot, with Arabs protesting its formation. 

What is Judah? 

One of Israel’s 12 tribes, Judah descends from Judah, the fourth son, to Jacob’s first wife, Leah. In time, Judah became the most powerful and most influential tribe in the region south of Jerusalem. In 587/586 BC, the Kingdom flourished until the Babylonians overran it, forcing many inhabitants into exile. Earlier, the Kingdom had its capital in Jerusalem. 

After the Persians conquered Babylonia in 538 BC, Cyrus the Great allowed the Jews to return home. As soon as the Babylonians destroyed the Temple of Jerusalem, they set to work replacing it. From that time forward, the history of the Jews mainly relates to the tribe of Judah. It consisted of Judah and Benjamin tribes.  

Besides producing the great kings David and Solomon, the Messiah would come from among its members was also a prophecy. Judah always had less prosperity and was a smaller region than Israel. As Canaanite translators, there is no difference between Jude, Judah, and Judas in the Greek New Testament. Generally, ‘Judah’ refers to a tribe; ‘Judas’ for Judas Iscariot; and ‘Jude’ for other individuals. 

Main Differences Between Israel and Judah 

  1. Earlier, the whole of Israel shared the capital of Samaria. However, at present, that has changed, and the present capital of the Kingdom is Jerusalem. On the other hand, formerly, the whole of Judah had its capital in Jerusalem.  
  2. In terms of area, Israel was much more extensive. On the other hand, in terms of area, Judah was always smaller.  
  3. In terms of economy, Israel was much more economical than Judah. On the other hand, in terms of economy, Judah was much less economical than Israel.  
  4. The division of Israel made the northern region named Israel, while the southern part was called Judah.  
  5. The Kingdom of Israel was formed of the ten remaining tribes. On the other hand, Judah included Benjamin and Judah tribes. 

Conclusion 

Between the reigns of Solomon and David, Israel had a single kingdom. Solomon’s death led to the division of the country into two independent kingdoms. Judah, which consisted of Benjamin and Judah, was the name given to the southern region. Their capital was Jerusalem. Israel, or the northern part, consisted of the remaining ten tribes, and Samaria served as their capital. 

Israel’s northern and eastern parts are bordered by Lebanon, Jordan, and Syria, the south by the Gulf of Aqaba, and the southwest and west by Egypt and the Mediterranean Sea. Israel was primarily the name given to Jacob as per the Bible after he fought an angel of God. Today, Israel is a hot spot, with Arabs protesting its formation. Since 1948, Israel has been home to the Jewish people. 

Besides producing the great kings David and Solomon, the Messiah would come from among Judah’s members was also a prophecy. Judah always had less prosperity and was a smaller region than Israel. As Canaanite translators, there is no difference between Jude, Judah, and Judas in the Greek New Testament. Generally, ‘Judah’ refers to a tribe; ‘Judas’ for Judas Iscariot; and ‘Jude’ for other individuals. 

References 

  1. https://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/abs/10.2307/1355998?journalCode=basor  
x
2D vs 3D