Difference Between Jazz and Rock Drum Kit (With Table)

While the rock drum kit is equipped with all these components as well as several additional floor toms. The total number of floor toms generally used in a rock drum kit is more than 4. Moreover, the two sets differ in terms of the size of their bass drums. While the bass drum is smaller in a jazz kit, it is diametrically larger in a rock drum kit.

Jazz vs Rock Drum Kit

The difference between a jazz and rock drum kit is that the former set is comparatively smaller than the drum set used to play rock music. The number of additional drums and cymbals vary in each kit. Jazz kits are usually equipped with a small bass drum, snare drum, 1 or 2 rack toms, and a floor tom.

Comparison Table Between Jazz and Rock Drum Kit

Parameters of ComparisonJazz Drum Kit  Rock Drum Kit  
Kit SizeJazz drum kits are smaller than rock drum kits.Rock drum kits are larger than jazz kits.
Size of Bass DrumsThe bass drum used in a jazz kit is smaller. They usually range from 18-20inches in diameter.Bass drums used in a rock kit have wider diameters ranging from 20-22inches.
Number of Floor TomsOnly one floor tom is used in a jazz kit.A rock drum kit usually uses more than 4 floor toms.
Thickness of ShellsJazz drum kits have thinner shells to produce more rounded jazz tunes.Rock drum kits have thicker shells to produce more punchy tunes.
TuningJazz drum kits are tuned to a higher pitch level.Rock drum kits are tuned to a lower pitch level.
Sound ProducedThe sound produced is more mellow.The sound produced by a rock drum kit is quite loud.
CymbalsHigh pitched cymbals are used. The ride cymbal is an indispensable part of a jazz drum kit.Low pitched cymbals are used.
HeadsDrums have single-ply coated heads.Drums have 2 ply clear heads.
PriceJazz kits are affordably priced.Rock kits are quite expensive due to their additional components.
DesignMost jazz kits feature a sleek, vintage design.Vintage design elements are absent.

What is Jazz Drum Kit?

Jazz drum kits have evolved over decades to become crucial elements of most vintage jazz tunes. As an uncompromising style of music, jazz gained popularity from 1910 onwards. Jazz drum kits are distinctive in terms of their components as well as their size.

The bass drum in a jazz kit has a diminished diameter of 18-inches. This is accompanied by a 14-inch snare drum that offers the right amount of tone control to the musician. Apart from these two components, a jazz drum kit also includes a 12-inch rack tom and a 14-inch floor tom. All these drums are generally tuned higher to produce a better jazz soundscape.

The 22-inch ride cymbal is a mandatory part of any jazz drum kit. As improvisation is an essential element of jazz as a genre of music, musicians are adept at improvising tunes on these standard drum kits.

What is Rock Drum Kit?

Rock drum kits play an equally significant role in the developmental history of rock n’ roll music. With the emergence of this genre of music in the 1940s and 1950s, pop culture experienced a potent musical revolution. This genre of music was responsible for popularizing the use of drums and guitars.

The drum kits used in most rock music production are larger and include more additional components than standard drum kits. The bass drum of a rock kit is significantly larger in diameter, measuring up to 24-inches. Initially, the original rock drum sets used only one snare drum and one bass drum.

However, over the year this configuration has been tailored by musicians according to their individual requirements. Rock kits are known to use more floor toms and cymbals than most standard drum kits. The instruments in a rock drum kit are generally tuned lower than usual.

Main Differences Between Jazz and Rock Drum Kit

  1. The main difference between a jazz and rock drum kit is the relative size of each. Jazz drum kits are generally smaller than rock drum kits. They have a smaller bass drum than most rock drum kits. The bass drum in a jazz kit is usually 18-inches to 22-inches in diameter, while those in a rock kit range from 22-inches to 24-inches.
  2. A jazz drum kit differs from a rock drum kit in terms of style and design. The former model is known to be sleeker and more vintage-looking than the rock drum kit.
  3. The thickness of the drum shells is also quite contrary in the case of each of these drum kits. A jazz drum kit will have thinner shells as jazz tunes require more rounded percussions. Alternatively, the rock drum kit will have thicker drum shells to produce more punchy tunes.
  4. A single-ply coated head is used in most jazz drums, while in the case of rock drums, 2 ply clear heads are generally implemented.  
  5. A jazz drum kit includes a small bass drum, snare drum, 1 or 2 rack toms, and a floor tom. However, a rock drum kit includes all these components with the probability of using more floor toms. They can have as many as 4 or 5 floor toms.
  6. Jazz drum kits tend to be tuned at a higher level than most rock drum kits.
  7. Higher pitched cymbals are used in a jazz drum kit.
  8. Rock drum kits are louder than standard jazz drum kits.
  9. Rock drum sets tend to be more expensive than the smaller jazz sets.

Conclusion

The jazz and rock drum kits are both formidable choices for a beginner. They both have an elevated aesthetic appeal and guarantee qualitatively superior soundscapes for the user. However, for most novice users, differentiating between the two drum sets may be a potent issue.

Jazz drum sets can be easily distinguished from their rock counterparts by examining the size of a given drum set. Jazz kits tend to be smaller than rock kits. The former has fewer drums than the latter. Moreover, the sizes of the drums- especially the bass drums- are quite conspicuously different. The bass drum in a jazz kit is much smaller.

The two sets also differ in terms of their individual tuning capacities, quality of sound produced as well as market price points of each. A jazz drum kit is typically used to produce more alluring and mellow tunes, while the rock drum set is attuned to playing more robust melodies.

However, the kind of music that can be played on any given drum set ultimately rests on the talent and technique of the musician. An experienced musician can effectively use a jazz kit to play rock music and a rock kit to play vintage jazz tunes.

References

  1. https://online.ucpress.edu/mp/article-abstract/25/5/471/62349
  2. https://www.jstor.org/stable/44015278
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