Difference Between JPanel and JFrame (With Table)

Both J Frame and JPanel are classes utilized in Java. The last is a programming language that is object-arranged and class-based. It is a computerized stage utilized for making and creating applications. Java was created by Sun Microsystems explicitly for the Web in 1995. Its primary target is to create programs that can run in all types of figuring gadgets like computers, PCs, cell phones, and so forth.

JPanel vs JFrame

The difference between JPanel and JFrame is the JPanel alludes to space where different sorts of visuals, for example, photos, messages, or figures and controls like content fields, catches and then can get apparent. JFrame addresses an autonomous window by its exceptional qualities.

JPanel is a wide reason holder which is utilized for keeping in a bunch of more unpredictable segments or tasks. It addresses a space in which anyone could see different controls, for example, registration, catches, and text-fields just as picturized messages.

JFrame again, is the fundamental holder which is utilized for keeping away in segments such as catches, marks, and written fields. Notwithstanding, in contrast to a JPanel, a JFrame additionally keeps a title bar. It is the base or establishment compartment utilized for making autonomous GUI applications. It shows up and runs like a window like a notice window or an admonition window that regularly springs up on PC screens.

Comparison Table Between JPanel and JFrame

Parameters of ComparisonJPanelJFrame
Parent classjavax.swing.JComponentjava.awt.Frame
What is it?An explicit territory for placing in GUI segments and operations.A window for creating free GUI applications.
Title barThere is no title bar.It contains a title bar.
Can containMultiple GUI parts and operations.Multiple edges and JPanels.

What is JPanel?

It alludes to an overall compartment used to amass a gathering of parts in synchronization. It is a serious, straightforward part that normally doesn’t have a graphical UI (GUI). Notwithstanding, it might have a GUI in the event that it is spread out in a misty foundation or contains a showcase line.

The JPanel compartment class is found in Java. swing bundle. The swing is an augmentation of the Theoretical Window Toolbox (AWT), which is the original Java Application Programming Interface (Programming interface). The previous improves the functionality of the last mentioned.

The JPanel is an extremely basic and lightweight holder, which is a subclass of Java. swing.JComponent class. The JComponent thus is a subclass of the compartment. Therefore, a few techniques utilized for the JPanel are gotten from its superclasses. A portion of the instances of such strategies incorporates picture eyewitness, arrangements, and openness.

The JPanel empowers one to put checkboxes, catches, pictures, fields, names, and even messages into it. It s primarily characterized as a space where controls and visuals can be put in.

To utilize a JPanel, one requirement to initially make its article which is finished by requiring a constructor JPanel (). Following this conjuring, a clear board is created. It looks troubling as a matter of course, yet its experience tone can be changed by summoning the proper strategies for JPanel class. The segments of the clear board are customizable.

For that, one requirement to utilize the Format administrators. There is an assortment of Format chiefs like Line Design, Lattice Design, and Stream Format, etc. These Design supervisors empower one to change the positions, sizes, and arrangement of the parts that have been set up into the JPanel. The shades of the segments can likewise be redone utilizing constructors like set foreground(color_obj), setColor(color_obj) and setBackgroundColor(color_obj).

What is JFrame?

It is the base or establishment compartment utilized for making autonomous GUI applications. It shows up and runs like a window like a notice window or an admonition window that regularly springs up on PC screens. 

Actually, like JPanel, it is additionally important for the swing toolbox, however its parent class in Java. awt.Frame. In other words, it is an all-encompassing variant of the Casing found in Java Conceptual Window Tool stash (AWT), the most seasoned age of Java Programming interface. What improves JFrame than Casing is that it gives a choice to shutting or concealing the window by utilizing the setDefaultCloseOperation(int) technique. 

It has its constructors and strategies, which are utilized to put parts like content fields, catches, borders, title bar, and so forth inside it and customize its actual highlights like textual styles, size, colors, and arrangements, etc. Each element has its extraordinary linguistic structure utilized for customization. 

It has two sub-divisions, to be specific menu bar and substance sheet. The parts of JFrame are known as substance, and the vast majority of the substance is found in the substance sheet. Also, to add content in the JFrame, one requirement to place it in the substance sheet. 

JFrame utilizes a strategy for windows audience that starts working at whatever point an individual completes tasks like initiating, shutting, opening, limiting, or expanding a window. It likewise utilizes a mouse audience with the goal that the edge can respond to the activities of the mouse. 

A JFrame can put inside itself various casings and JPanels, yet every one of them relies upon the centralized computer for their reality. Countless capacities can be made for the JFrame by utilizing the techniques for Audience members as well as the strategies for getting, set, and add strategies.

Main Differences Between JPanel and JFrame

  1. The parent class of JPanel is Java. swing.JComponent while the parent class of JFrame is Java. awt.Frame.
  2. JPanel is an explicit territory for placing in GUI segments and operations, while JFrame is a window for creating free GUI applications.
  3. There is no title bar in JPanel, while JFrame contains a title bar.
  4. JFrame is heavier than JPanel.
  5. JPanel has multiple GUI parts and operations during multiple edges and panels.


In Java (an article situated programming language), there are various kinds of classes that fill in as the system or plan for the production of items or a particular information structure, holding the case factors of the articles and thus, keeping up their state and utilization of the personal conduct standards of the articles.

Among these classes, JPanel and JFrame establish two distinct classes utilized recorded as hard copy Graphical UI (GUI) applications. These classes are chiefly worried about the ‘perspective on an application, and despite the fact that they may spring up as a window when run, one can recognize them as a JPanel doesn’t contain a title bar while a JFrame does.


  1. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4302-3687-0_15
  2. https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/978-1-4302-0140-3_16.pdf
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